USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Coastal & Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 1965-001-FA

Other ID: none

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): John S. Schlee

Affiliate Investigator(s): Robert Gerard - Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory

Information Specialist(s):

Data Type(s): Sampling: Geology, Location-Elevation: Navigation

Scientific Purpose/Goals: In May 1964, Institute of Marine Sciences-U. Miami, Scripps-U.CA, WHOI, and Lamont-Columbia U. joined in the establishment of the Joint Oceanographic Institutions Deep Earth Sampling (JOIDES) Program. The long range purpose of this organization is to obtain continuous core samples of the entire sedimentary column from the floors of the oceans. The initial efforts were limited to water depths less than 6,000 feet, and tentative drilling locations were selected off the eastern, western, and gulf coasts of the United States. In late December 1964 the M/V CALDRILL I, a drilling vessel capable of working in depths of 6,000 feet, was engaged to drill on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland during summer 1965 for the Pan American Petroleum Corp. Pan American agreed to pay for moving costs if JOIDES could organize a drilling program along the track between California and the Grand Banks. JOIDES assumed responsibility for the vessel during drilling periods. Sites along track near good logistic ports were examined that would yield valuable information on the continental margin. Based on previous geological and geophysical investigations by the participating laboratories and a large body of knowledge of the continental-oceanic border, the Blake Plateau off Jacksonville, Florida was selected. Six sites were chosen along a transect southeastward from Jacksonville out 250 miles to 1,000 m water depth.


Start Date: 1965-04-17

Start Port/Location: Jacksonville, FL

End Date: 1965-05-17

End Port/Location: Jacksonville, FL

Equipment Used: Well drilling, Loran-A

Information to be Derived: Samples and chemical analysis;

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: 6 core-holes logged: #1 - #6.

Staff: Frank T. Manheim, John S. Schlee

Affiliate Staff:
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (LDGO): Robert Gerard - project supervisor and chief scientist
Tsunemasa Saito
Mark Salkind; Pan American Petroleum Corp: William Bogert - drilling advisor; U. Miami: Louis Lidz
Walter Charm
Herman Hofmann; WHOI: K.O. Emery
J.R. Frothingham
Jr.; R.L. Wait
W.S. Keys
E.M. Shuter.

Notes: Original Center People field contained: John Schlee - principal geologist; Frank Manheim; R.L. Wait, W.S. Keys, E.M. Shuter.


Blake Plateau, Florida-Hatteras Slope, Southeast Georgia Embayment, U.S. Atlantic continental shelf and margin, United States, North America, North Atlantic;

North: 31 South: 28.5 West: -81 East: -77.5


Caldrill I


Abbott, W.H., 1980, Diatoms and stratigraphically significant silicoflagellates from the Atlantic Margin Coring Project and other Atlantic Margin sites: Micropaleontology, v. 26 no. 1, URL:

Bray, E.E., and Evans, E. D., 1969, Organic extracts from JOIDES cores off northeastern Florida: 12 URL:

Charm, W.B., Nesteroff, W. D., and Valdes, Sylvia, 1969, Detailed stratigraphic description of the JOIDES cores on the continental margin off Florida: 18 URL:

Emery, K.O., and Zarudzki, E. F. K., 1967, Seismic reflection profiles along the drill holes on the continental margin off Florida: 15 URL:

Hathaway, J.C., McFarlin, Peter F., and Ross, David A., 1970, Mineralogy and origin of sediments from drill holes on the continental margin off Florida: 31 URL:

Hulsemann, J., 1968, Calcium carbonate, organic carbon, and nitrogen in sediments from drill holes on the continental margin off Florida: 15 URL:

Popenoe, P., and Manheim, F.T., 2001, Origin and history of the Charleston Bump--geological formations, currents, bottom conditions, and their relationship to Wreckfish habitats on the Blake Plateau, in Sedberry, G.R., ed., Island in the Stream--Oceanography and Fisheries of the Charleston Bump: American Fisheries Society Symposium, v. 25.

Popenoe, P., and Spalding, J.S., 1988, Isopach and structure contour maps of the Miocene and post-Miocene sediments in the southeast Georgia Embayment, Florida-Hatteras Shelf, offshore Georgia: 12 URL:

Schlee, J., 1977, Stratigraphy and Tertiary development of the continental margin east of Florida: 32 URL:


Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
Well drilling --- Geology
1965-001-FA-SC-001-01 ( Core analyses in Excel spreadsheet output containing position, description, reference, etc.)
Loran-A --- Navigation