USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Coastal & Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 2008-008-FA

Other ID: J-1-08-PR

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): Jason Chaytor, Uri Ten Brink

Affiliate Investigator(s): Jason Chaytor - WHOI

Information Specialist(s): Jason Chaytor

Data Type(s): Location-Elevation: Navigation, Seismics: Sub Bottom Profiler

Scientific Purpose/Goals: The objective of this coring cruise is to determine the age of several significant slope failures and seismite layers around Puerto Rico in an effort to constrain the temporal distribution of large slope failures and earthquakes. Large landslide and earthquake events in close proximity to Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands are believed to have triggered numerous tsunami, which have caused significant damage to coastal communities in the region. By better constraining the temporal occurrence of such large tsunami source mechanisms, we hope to gain a better understanding of the recurrence interval and size of future landslides, thereby providing valuable input into tsunami hazard models for the region. In order to do this, we aim to collect 30-40 cores from offshore Puerto Rico (Mona Canyon, north slope and Puerto Rico trench, and the Virgin Island and Whiting Basins) that intersect landslide or seismite deposits so as to be able to date the penultimate and potentially older landslide and/or earthquake events. This project is a collaborative effort between WHOI and the USGS Woods Hole Science Center.

Vehicle(s):

Start Date: 2008-03-16

Start Port/Location: San Juan, Puerto Rico

End Date: 2008-03-24

End Port/Location: San Juan, Puerto Rico

Equipment Used: DGPS, Corer - gravity, 3.5 kHz

Information to be Derived:

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: During the 9 days at sea, 40 gravity cores were attempted in basins to the northwest of Puerto Rico, south of the U.S. Virgin Islands, within the Puerto Rico trench, and the south and north slopes offshore Puerto Rico. Over 24 m of core were recovered from 21 successful deployments, in addition to numerous smaller samples recovered from the corer when only partial sediment penetration occurred.

Staff: Matthew Arsenault, Sandy Baldwin, Brian Buczkowski, Michael Casso, Jason Chaytor, Claudia Flores, Emily Himmelstoss, Katherine McMullen, Uri Ten Brink

Affiliate Staff:
Jim Broda
WHOI
Coring Technician

Notes:
Project = Tsunami Hazards: Dev. of Source Potential, Tsunami Hazards: Dev. of Source Potential

Location:

Mona Canyon, Puerto Rico Trench, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands Basin, Whiting Basin, United States, northeast Caribbean, North Atlantic;

Boundaries
North: 19.5 South: 17.75 West: -67.75 East: -64.5

Platform(s):

photo of Seward Johnson
Seward Johnson

Publications

Chaytor, J.D., ten Brink, Uri S., 2014, Sedimentation in low-latitude deep-water carbonate basins, Anegada Passage, Northeast Caribbean: Basin Research, pp. 1–26, doi: 10.1111/bre.12076.

Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
DGPS --- Navigation
Corer - gravity --- Geology
2008-008-FA-SC-001 ( J. Chaytor's SJHN08008 data set: 21 gravity cores plus some partial cores and bagged samples; each sample identified by SJHN08008 (or SJ8) + core # (assigned by B. Buczkowski).)
2008-008-FA-SC-001-01 ( B. Buczkowski's SJHN08008 data set: calibration files for core scans and analysis (*.cal files).)
2008-008-FA-SC-001-02 ( B. Buczkowski's SJHN08008 data set: data files for core scans and analysis (*.dat files).)
2008-008-FA-SC-001-03 ( B. Buczkowski's SJHN08008 data set: output data files for core scans and analysis (*.out files).)
2008-008-FA-SC-001-04 ( B. Buczkowski's SJHN08008 data set: raw data files for core scans and analysis (*.raw files).)
3.5 kHz --- Sub Bottom Profiler