USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Coastal & Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 2008-016-FA

Other ID: R-16-08-MW

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): David Foster

Affiliate Investigator(s): U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, IJC

Information Specialist(s): David Foster

Data Type(s): Biological Field Study: Experiments, Biological Field Study: Surveys, Imagery: Photo, Imagery: Video, Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Biology, Sampling: Geology, Seismics: Sub Bottom Profiler, Sonar: Interferometric, Sonar: Multibeam, Sonar: Sidescan, Visual Identification: Species ID

Scientific Purpose/Goals: WHSC/SFMG will map the geologic framework of the upper St. Clair River and surficial geology of the river/lake bed. Stratigraphic mapping will include depth to bedrock and the stratigraphy of Quaternary glacial and post glacial deposits. Surficial mapping will delineate sediment texture and morphology of the river/lake bed. The geologic framework will support ongoing studies that are quantifying changes in river bed elevation, specifically, identifying the extent of river bed erosion. Geophysical systems will be deployed to acoustically image the geologic framework. Video, photography and sampling of the river bed will be used to verify the surficial geologic interpretation.

Vehicle(s):

Start Date: 2008-05-29

Start Port/Location: Port Huron, MI

End Date: 2008-06-02

End Port/Location: Port Huron, MI

Equipment Used: Digital camera, Klein 3000, DGPS, SeaBOSS, Echosounder, 3.5 kHz, Knudsen CHIRP Sub-bottom Profiler, SWATHplus-M 234 kHz

Information to be Derived: Samples and chemical analysis; Sea floor map; Bathymetric maps; Morphology;

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: Data were collected over a five day period. Data include seismic reflection profiles: 79.8 km of 3.5 kHz Chirp data recorded in SEG-Y format, 58.5 km of Boomer seismic reflection profiles recorded in SEG-Y format, 79.8 km of Submetrix bathymetric data, 79.8 km of Klein sidescan sonar data in XTF format, 453 digital bottom photographs in JPEG format, 310 minutes of bottom video, and 17 bottom sediment samples.

Staff: Jane Denny, David Foster, Barry Irwin, Charles Worley

Affiliate Staff:
Greg Kennedy
USGS-Ann Arbor
Observer; Peter Ashmore
Univ. of Western Ontario
Observer

Notes: Original Center People field contained: Jane Denny - Data processing, GIS and integration; Dave Foster - Scientist, data processing; Barry Irwin - Boat operation, navigation; Chuck Worley - Technician.
Project = Marine Technology: St. Clair River Geophysical Survey, Marine Technology: St. Clair River Geophysical Survey

Location:

St. Clair River, Lake Huron, Michigan, Ontario, United States, Canada, North America;

Boundaries
North: 43.01547 South: 42.65557 West: -82.514 East: -82.40221

Platform(s):

photo of Rafael
Rafael

Publications

Denny, J.F., Foster, D.S., Worley, C.R., and Irwin, B.J., 2011, Geophysical data collected in the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada (2008): URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1035/.

Foster, D.S., and Denny, Jane F., 2009, Quaternary geologic framework of the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada: URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1137/.

Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
Digital camera --- Photo
2008-016-FA-PH-002 ( Deck photos: 254 deck photos of equipment, personnel, and sights.)
Klein 3000 --- Sidescan
Sidescan mosaic ( )
2008-016-FA-SO-001 ( Klein sidescan sonar data: 79.8 km, Lines 1-35, XTF format.)
DGPS --- Navigation
2008-016-FA-LN-001 ( Hypack navigation files)
2008-016-FA-LN-001-01 ( Parsed latitude, longitude, hours, minutes, seconds, julian day, year, and cruise ID from raw HYPACK file: files for julian day 155 and 156 only.)
SeaBOSS --- Experiments
Surveys
Photo
Video
Biology
Geology
Species ID
2008-016-FA-NL-002 ( Video/Sample Log: text file with notes about bottom view at various stations.)
2008-016-FA-NL-003 ( Picture/Video Navigation Log: Excel spreadsheet with notes about video stations, start/stop times, bottom view, etc.)
2008-016-FA-PH-001 ( River bottom photographs: 449 digital photos, JPEG format, taken with SeaBOSS still camera.)
2008-016-FA-SC-001 ( 17 bottom sediment samples)
2008-016-FA-VD-001 ( Video of river bottom: 310 minutes from 37 stations, taken with SeaBOSS video camera.)
2008-016-FA-SC-001-01 ( Grain size analysis: Lab # records AX131, AX132, AX133, AX134, AX135, AX136, AX137, AX138, AX139, AX140, AX141, AX142, and AX143 in L. Poppe's East Coast Sediment database.)
2008-016-FA-VD-001-01 ( VOB converted in compressed MP4 format.)
Echosounder --- Single Beam
3.5 kHz --- Sub Bottom Profiler
Chirp seismic data ( )
2008-016-FA-SE-001 ( 3.5 kHz Knudsen Chirp data: 79.8 km, SEG-Y format.)
Knudsen CHIRP Sub-bottom Profiler --- Sub Bottom Profiler
Boomer seismic data ( )
2008-016-FA-SE-002 ( Boomer seismic reflection profiles: 58.5 km, SEG-Y format.)
2008-016-FA-SE-001-01 ( SIOSeis was used to apply a 1-2-1 trace mix and t square gain (Sioseis type 3, alpa 1.75) before writing ieee floating point SEG-Y files.)
2008-016-FA-SE-002-01 ( SioSeis was used to apply a bandpass filter of 500-2000 Hz and an AGC with a window of 20 ms before writing to SEG-Y files.)
SWATHplus-M 234 kHz --- Interferometric
Multibeam
Bathymetry GIS data ( )
2008-016-FA-BA-001 ( SWATHplus raw bathymetric data: 79.8 km; 24 lines.)
2008-016-FA-NL-001 ( FA 08016 Survey Log: notes about bathymetry data collection in an Excel spreadsheet.)
2008-016-FA-BA-001-01 ( Grids for upper St. Clair River, Port Lambton and Marysville in 0.5 m, 2 m, and 5 m grid cell sizes.)