Acoustic-backscatter data for Ozette Lake, Washington collected during USGS field activity 2019-622-FA

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Acoustic-backscatter data for Ozette Lake, Washington collected during USGS field activity 2019-622-FA
Abstract:
2-m resolution acoustic-backscatter data were collected during a July 2019 SWATHPlus survey of Ozette Lake, Washington. Data were collected and processed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (PCMSC) with fieldwork activity number 2019-622-FA. The 2-m acoustic-backscatter data are provided as a GeoTIFF image.
Supplemental_Information:
Additional information about the field activity from which these data were derived is available online at:
https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2019-622-FA
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Although this Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata file is intended to document the data set in nonproprietary form, as well as in Esri format, this metadata file may include some Esri-specific terminology.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Dartnell, Peter, Brothers, Daniel S., Ritchie, Andrew C., Sherrod, Brian, Currie, Jackson E., Ferro, Peter Dal, and Powers, Daniel C., 20240530, Acoustic-backscatter data for Ozette Lake, Washington collected during USGS field activity 2019-622-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/P9U91FSB, U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, California.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Dartnell, Peter, Brothers, Daniel S., Ritchie, Andrew C., Sherrod, Brian, Currie, Jackson E., Ferro, Peter Dal, and Powers, Daniel C., 2024, Bathymetry and acoustic-backscatter data for Ozette Lake, Washington collected during USGS field activity 2019-622-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/P9U91FSB, U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Suggested Citation: Dartnell, P., Brothers, D.S., Ritchie, A.C., Sherrod, B., Currie, J.E., Dal Ferro, P., Powers, D.C., 2024, Bathymetry and acoustic-backscatter data for Ozette Lake, Washington collected during USGS field activity 2019-622-FA: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9U91FSB.
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.775
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.487
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 48.154
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 48.035
  3. What does it look like?
    OzetteLake_backscatter_USGS_QV.jpg (JPEG)
    Quick view image of the Ozette Lake acoustic-backscatter data.
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 14-Jul-2019
    Ending_Date: 17-Jul-2019
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition at time data were collected.
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: GeoTIFF
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:
      • Dimensions 6406 x 10572 x 1, type Grid Cell
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 10
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -123.00000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.00000
      False_Easting: 500000.0
      False_Northing: 0.00
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.0
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.0
      Planar coordinates are specified in Meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983, 2011 realization (NAD83(2011)).
      The ellipsoid used is GRS80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.00.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222101.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    value
    acoustic-backscatter value as a 32-bit image (Source: Producer defined)
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    The complete 2-m resolution grid "OzetteLake_2019_2m_backscatter_NAD83.tif" was originally archived as a TIFF image with the following attributes.
    Cell size = 2.0
    Number of rows = 6406
    Number of columns = 10572
    
    Data type = floating point
    
    Boundary
    Xmin = 367993
    Xmax = 389140
    Ymin = 5321681
    Ymax = 5334495
    
    Statistics
    Minimum value = 0
    Maximum value = 65535
    Mean = 22872.17
    Standard deviation = 2621.64
    
    Coordinate system description
    Projection:  UTM
    Zone:  10
    Datum:  NAD83(2011)
    Units:  meter
    
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Peter Dartnell
    • Daniel S. Brothers
    • Andrew C. Ritchie
    • Brian Sherrod
    • Jackson E. Currie
    • Peter Dal Ferro
    • Daniel C. Powers
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
    Attn: PCMSC Science Data Coordinator
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-427-4747 (voice)
    pcmsc_data@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

The Pacific Northwest is home to the Cascadia Subduction Zone, a 1,300 km-long tectonic boundary between the Juan de Fuca and Gorda oceanic plates to the west and the North America continental plate to the east. The interface between upper and lower plates is defined by a large fault, called a megathrust, as well as numerous smaller faults that cut through the surrounding crust. Over time, frictional stresses accumulate along these faults, building slowly until they exceed the fault's strength, resulting in an earthquake. Evidence of these strong earthquakes may be found in Pacific Northwest lakes. Past underwater landslides caused by the earthquakes should be well preserved in these relatively undisturbed environments. The lakefloor of Ozette Lake in the Pacific Northwest was mapped to find such evidence of past earthquakes. These data are intended for science researchers, students, policy makers, and the general public. These data can be used with geographic information systems or other software to identify bathymetric features. These data are not intended to be used for navigation.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2022 (process 1 of 1)
    The data were collected with a SWATHplus-M 234-kHz interferometric side-scan sonar system pole-mounted on the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) R/V San Lorenzo. During the mapping mission, an Applanix POS-MV (Position and Orientation System for Marine Vessels) was used to position the vessel during data collection, and it also accounted for vessel motion such as heave, pitch, and roll. The POS-MV also recorded position and vessel motion parameters for later post-processing. Sound-velocity profiles were collected throughout the survey days with a Castaway sound velocimeter. Post-processed POS-MV Smoothed Best Estimate of Trajectory (SBET) files were merged with the survey line files using BathySwath software and then the line files were imported into SonarWiz software. Acoustic-backscatter data were processed using SonarWiz software techniques and gridded into a 2-m resolution image. The image was exported as an Erdas Imagine file in UTM-10, WGS-84 coordinates and imported into a GIS (ArcMap). The image was then projected to UTM-10, NAD83(2011) coordinates using ArcTools raster projection tool and exported as a geoTIFF file in UTM zone 10, NAD-83(2011) coordinates.
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    The SWATHPlus sonar system's (234 kHz) depth accuracy reduces with horizontal range. The system has an estimated vertical depth uncertainty ranging from about 0.05 m to 0.34 m over a horizontal range of 0 to 90 m (http://www.bathyswath.com/sites/default/files/documents/ETD_2002_Bathyswath%20information_EN.pdf). Accuracies of final products may be lower due to total propagated uncertainties of the mapping systems, which include sonar system, position and motion compensation system, and navigation, as well as data processing that includes sounding cleaning, gridding, and datum transformations.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    The Applanix POS-MV post-processed horizontal positional accuracy is about 0.1 m with roll and pitch accuracies of about 0.02 degrees (https://www.applanix.com/downloads/products/specs/posmv/POS-MV-WaveMaster-II.pdf). The SWATHPlus sonar system (234 kHz) has an across track resolution of about 5 cm (http://www.bathyswath.com/sites/default/files/documents/ETD_2002_Bathyswath%20information_EN.pdf). Accuracies of final products may be lower due to total propagated uncertainties of the mapping systems, which include sonar system, position and motion compensation system, and navigation, as well as data processing that includes sounding cleaning, gridding, and datum transformations.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
    Not applicable to acoustic-backscatter data.
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Dataset is considered complete for the information presented, as described in the abstract. Users are advised to read the rest of the metadata record carefully for additional details.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    No formal logical accuracy tests were conducted

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints None
Use_Constraints USGS-authored or produced data and information are in the public domain from the U.S. Government and are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize and acknowledge the U.S. Geological Survey as the originators of the dataset and in products derived from these data. This information is not intended for navigation purposes.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey - CMGDS
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-427-4747 (voice)
    pcmsc_data@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? These data are available in GeoTIFF format, including a tif world file (.tfw), accompanied by CSDGM FGDC-compliant metadata.
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
    • Availability in digital form:
      Data format: Downloadable zip file contains the TIFF (.tif) version of the acoustic-backscatter data and a projection file (.tfw). in format GeoTIFF (version ArcMap (version 10.3.1)) Size: 21.8
      Network links: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9U91FSB
    • Cost to order the data: None.

  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    The downloadable data file has been compressed with the "zip" command and can be unzipped with Winzip (or other tool) on Windows systems. To utilize these data, the user must have software capable of uncompressing the WinZip file and importing and viewing a GeoTIFF file.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 30-May-2024
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Attn: PCMSC Science Data Coordinator
2885 Mission Street
Santa Cruz, CA

831-427-4747 (voice)
pcmsc_data@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/DataReleases/CMGDS_DR_tool/DR_P9U91FSB/OzetteLake_2019_2m_backscatter_NAD83_metadata.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.51 on Thu Jun 6 17:48:53 2024