Originator: Ann E. Gibbs
Originator: Aaron D. Cole
Originator: Erik Lowe
Originator: Borja G. Reguero
Originator: Curt D. Storlazzi
Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Series_Name: data release
Publication_Place: Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Suggested citation: Gibbs, A.E., Cole, A., Lowe, E., Reguero, B.G., Storlazzi, C.D., 2019. Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9KMH2VX
This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight associated flood mask polygons and flood depth point files: one for each four nearshore wave energy return periods (rp; 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-years) and both with (wrf) and without (worf) the presence of coral reefs. These flood masks can be combined with economic, ecological, and engineering tools to provide a rigorous financial valuation of the coastal protection benefits of coral reefs of the United States, Territories, and Affiliated Islands.
The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by exposing communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous, economic terms as artificial defenses such as seawalls, and therefore often not considered in decision-making. Engineering, ecologic, social, and economic tools were combined to provide a quantitative valuation of the coastal protection benefits of the coral reefs of the United States. The goal of this effort was to identify how, where, and when coral reefs provide the most significant coastal flood reduction benefits socially and economically under current and future climate change scenarios. A risk-based valuation framework to estimate the risk reduction benefits from coral reefs and provide annual expected benefits in social and economic terms was followed. The methods follow a sequence of steps integrating physics-based hydrodynamic modeling, quantitative geospatial modeling, and economic and social analyses to quantify the hazard, the role of coral reefs in reducing the hazard, and the resulting consequences (described in Storlazzi and others, 2019).
These data are intended for policy makers, resource managers, science researchers, students, and the general public. These data can be used with geographic information systems or other software to identify and assess possible areas of vulnerability to wave-driven flooding. These data are not intended to be used for navigation.
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Although this Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata file is intended to document the data set in nonproprietary form, as well as in Esri format, this metadata file may include some Esri-specific terminology.
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program
Theme_Keyword: Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: Coral Reef
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: reef ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: coastal processes
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Data Categories for Marine Planning
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) keywords
Theme_Keyword: coral reef communities
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Place_Keyword: American Samoa
Place_Keyword: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Place_Keyword: Saipan Island
Place_Keyword: Tinian Island
Place_Keyword: State of Florida
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Place_Keyword: Key West
Place_Keyword: Palm Beach
Place_Keyword: Hawaiian Islands
Place_Keyword: State of Hawaii
Place_Keyword: Island of Hawai‘i
Place_Keyword: Puerto Rico
Place_Keyword: Island of Puerto Rico
Place_Keyword: Isla de Culebra
Place_Keyword: Cayo Vieques
Place_Keyword: Virgin Islands
Place_Keyword: Saint Croix
Place_Keyword: Saint John
Place_Keyword: Saint Thomas
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Florida Peninsula
Place_Keyword: Island of Hawaii
Place_Keyword: U.S. Virgin Islands
Place_Keyword: St. Croix
Place_Keyword: St. John
Place_Keyword: St. Thomas
USGS-authored or produced data and information are in the public domain from the U.S. Government and are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize and acknowledge the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator(s) of the dataset and in products derived from these data.
U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Contact_Person: PCMSC Science Data Coordinator
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2885 Mission Street
City: Santa Cruz
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Location map of coral reef areas included in this data release.
Data_Set_Credit: U.S. Geological Survey
Environment as of Metadata Creation: Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.5 (Build 6491) Service Pack N/A (Build N/A)
Originator: Storlazzi, Curt D.
Originator: Reguero, Borja G.
Originator: Cole, Aaron D.
Originator: Lowe, Erik
Originator: Shope, James A.
Originator: Gibbs, Ann E.
Originator: Beck, Michael W.
Originator: Nickel, Barry A.
Originator: McCall, Rorbert T.
Originator: van Dongeren, Ap R.
Rigorously valuing the role of coral U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey