Curvature--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:

What does this data set describe?

Title: Curvature--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California
This part of DS 781 presents data for the curvature map of the Hueneme Canyon and vicinity map area, California. The raster data file is included in "," which is accessible from These data accompany the pamphlet and map sheets of Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., Phillips, E.L., Ritchie, A.C., Kvitek, R.G., Greene, H.G., Krigsman, L.M., Endris, C.A., Clahan, K.B., Sliter, R.W., Wong, F.L., Yoklavich, M.M., and Normark, W.R. (S.Y. Johnson, ed.), 2012, California State Waters Map Series-—Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3225, 41 p., 12 sheets, scale 1:24,000,
This metadata describes a raster data set of smoothed curvature used as an interpretation aid for mapping geomorphology of Hueneme Canyon. The curvature raster, in conjunction with bathymetry data, amplitude data, and seismic reflection profiles, was used to interpret geology and geomorphology of Hueneme Canyon.
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Although this Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata file is intended to document the data set in nonproprietary form, as well as in Esri format, this metadata file may include some Esri-specific terminology.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Ritchie, Andrew C., 2012, Curvature--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California: Data Series DS 781, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Golden, Nadine E., 2013, California State Waters Map Series Data Catalog: Data Series DS 781, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.256437
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.207298
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.144867
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.061609
  3. What does it look like? (JPEG)
    Image showing curvature data of Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 2006
    Ending_Date: 2007
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:
      • Dimensions 4572 x 2168, type Pixel
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      The map projection used is WGS 1984 UTM Zone 11N.
      Projection parameters:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -117.0
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
      False_Easting: 500000.0
      False_Northing: 0.0
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.000000002220024164500956
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.000000002220024164500956
      Planar coordinates are specified in Meter
      The horizontal datum used is D WGS 1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS 1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.0.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257223563.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    cell values are curvature values, represented as 32 bit float in the GeoTiff standard format. A worldfile (TFW) is provided as well. (Source: USGS)

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Andrew C. Ritchie
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
    Attn: PCMSC Science Data Coordinator
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-427-4747 (voice)

Why was the data set created?

Interpretation aid for geologic mapping of Hueneme Canyon

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    bathy (source 1 of 1)
    Dartnell, Peter, Phillips, Eleyne L., Ritchie, Andrew C., Kvitek, Rikk G., and Johnson, Samuel Y., 2012, Bathymetry--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California: Data Series DS 781, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Type_of_Source_Media: digital file of gridded bathymetry data (ArcInfo GRID)
    Source_Contribution: Gridded bathymetry data (2-meter resolution).
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2010 (process 1 of 4)
    Source elevation data were combined into a single elevation raster and smoothed using a FocalMean algorithm in ArcGIS 9.3.1, as follows:
    focalmean([elevation_source], circle, 4, data)
    This operation smoothes the data by calculating the mean of all cells for which the cell center is within a 4-cell radius of the target cell - essentially calculating a rolling mean of elevation over the entire grid. Data sources used in this process:
    • bathy
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • smooth_bathy
    Date: 2010 (process 2 of 4)
    The curvature of the smoothed source elevation data was calculated using the curvature function in ArcGIS 9.3.1. Curvature is the second derivative of the elevation surface (the slope of the slope) calculated using the methods of Zeverbergen and Thorne (1987). The ArcGIS calculation for total curvature is more accurately described as representing the difference between the cell's value and the average value along the four cardinal directions. Differences between the ArcGIS implementation and the original equations of Zeverbergen and Thorne (1987) are (1) the sign is reversed, and (2) the end value is multiplied by 100.
    Reference Cited:
    Zeverbergen, L.W., and Thorne, C.R., 1987, Quantitative analysis of land surface topography: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 12, p. 47-56. Data sources used in this process:
    • smooth_bathy
    Date: 26-Sep-2018 (process 3 of 4)
    Metadata was modified to bring up to current USGS PCMSC standards. Information for accompanying Scientific Investigations Report added to Abstract and Cross Reference sections. Point of Contact information was updated. USGS Thesaurus and keywords were added, and Process Steps were refined. Details about different Network Resource Name links was given in the Access Instructions section. Phone number for Metadata Contact was corrected. Minor typos were corrected. No data information was changed. Person who carried out this activity:
    Susan A Cochran
    U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
    2885 Mission St.
    Santa Cruz, CA
    United States

    831-460-7545 (voice)
    Date: 19-Oct-2020 (process 4 of 4)
    Edited metadata to add keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. No data were changed. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Johnson, Samuel Y., Dartnell, Peter, Cochrane, Guy R., Golden, Nadine E., Phillips, Eleyne L., Ritchie, Andrew C., Kvitek, Rikk G., Greeene, H. Gary, Krigsman, Lisa M., Endris, Charles A., Clahan, Kevin B., Sliter, Ray W., Wong, Florence L., Yoklavich, Mary M., and Normark, William R., 2012, California State Waters Map Series--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California: Scientific Investigations Map 3225, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    Not applicable for raster data.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Bathymetric sonar and LiDAR data have a horizontal accuracy greater than the resolution of the base data. the smoothing algorithm applied to the data reduces the precision of the curvature calculation by averaging values over a 4-cell radius, but does not decrease horizontal accuracy.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Data are complete for the map area indicated
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    Curvature units were checked for validity by comparing calculated values with slope raster values

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
USGS-authored or produced data and information are in the public domain from the U.S. Government and are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize and acknowledge the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator(s) of the dataset and in products derived from these data. This information is not intended for navigation purposes.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey
    345 Middlefield Rd
    Menlo Park, CA

    (650) 329-4309 (voice)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? The .zip file ( includes the .tfw, .tif, .tif.aux.xml, and .tif.ovr, files, as well as FGDC-compliant metadata for the Curvature data layer in the Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity region of California.
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    The downloadable data file has been compressed with the "zip" command and can be unzipped with Winzip (or other tool) on Windows systems. To utilize these data, the user must have software capable of uncompressing the WinZip file and importing and viewing an Esri ArcMap TIFF. Users should download the ArcGIS Project File,, a compressed (with the "zip" command) version of the ArcMap document (.mxd) that has all the data layers loaded in the table of contents for "Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity" and has all the data symbolized as on the map sheets. Download and save this ArcGIS project file, including all data layers, to the directory the user has created for this GIS.

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 19-Oct-2020
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Attn: PCMSC Science Data Coordinator
2885 Mission Street
Santa Cruz, CA

831-427-4747 (voice)
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <>
Generated by mp version 2.9.50 on Thu Nov 18 14:01:13 2021