NORCAL1928_1936 - Vectorized Shoreline of Northern California Derived from 1928-1936 Source Data

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
NORCAL1928_1936 - Vectorized Shoreline of Northern California Derived from 1928-1936 Source Data
Abstract:
There are critical needs for a nationwide compilation of reliable shoreline data. To meet these needs, the USGS has produced a comprehensive database of digital vector shorelines by compiling shoreline positions from pre-existing historical shoreline databases and by generating historical and modern shoreline data. Shorelines are compiled by state and generally correspond to one of four time periods: 1800s, 1920s-1930s, 1970s, and 1998-2002. Each shoreline may represent a compilation of data from one or more sources for one or more dates provided by one or more agencies. Details regarding source are provided in the 'Data Quality Information' section of this metadata report. Shoreline vectors derived from historic sources (first three time periods) represent the high water line at the time of the survey, whereas modern shorelines (final time period) represent the mean high water line.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Hapke, Cheryl, and Reid, David, 2006, NORCAL1928_1936 - Vectorized Shoreline of Northern California Derived from 1928-1936 Source Data: Open-File Report 2006-1251, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Pacific Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Hapke, Cheryl, and Reid, David, 2006, National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the Sandy Shorelines of the California Coast: Open-File Report 2006-1251, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Pacific Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.442445
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -122.964320
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.997061
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.223417
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 1928
    Ending_Date: 1936
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • String (485)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 10
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -123.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.001024
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.001024
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1927.
      The ellipsoid used is Clarke 1866.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378206.400000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.978698.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Norcal1928_1936
    Vector Shoreline from NOS T-Sheets (Source: USGS)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    ID
    Feature number. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:1
    Maximum:40677
    TYPE
    Type of feature. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    ValueDefinition
    ShorelineVector shoreline.
    DESCR
    Detailed description of the feature. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Describes additional characteristics of the feature.
    SOURCE
    Agency that provided feature or data used to create feature. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    ValueDefinition
    NOAA NOS T-SheetsNOAA
    ACCURACY
    Position accuracy of feature. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:0
    Units:meters
    DATE
    Date of Shoreline Segment (Source: USGS)
    ValueDefinition
    DatesNOS T-Sheet Dates

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Cheryl Hapke
    • David Reid
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Bruce Richmond
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Pacific Science Center
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time

Why was the data set created?

Historical shoreline change is considered to be a crucial element in studying the vulnerability of the national shoreline. These data are used in a shoreline change analysis for the USGS National Assessment Project.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    NOS T-Sheets (source 1 of 1)
    U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS), and National Ocean Service (NOS), 2006, Vector Shorelines from Georeferenced Scanned Coastal Maps: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Senior cartographer, Address: 1315 East-West Highway City: Silver Spring State: Maryland Postal_Code: 20910-3282 Country: USA Contact_Voice_Telephone: (301) 713-3226 Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (301) 713-4176 Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info_center@ngs.noaa.gov
    Type_of_Source_Media: Vector Shorelines
    Source_Contribution: NOAA NOS Topographic Sheets (t-sheet or tp-sheet maps)
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    (process 1 of 4)
    Shorelines from one or more sources were sought in an effort to develop a single shoreline for each time period. Digital shorelines, if available from another agency, were acquired. If no digital shorelines were available or if a data set was incomplete, T-sheets were requested from NOAA and received as scanned raster images. T-sheets were geo-registered using ERDAS Imagine geographic imaging software by placing 6-10 well-spaced ground control points at gridline intersections. Some T-sheets may have required additional coordinate transformation information from NOAA to account for datum offsets between historical datums (USSD) and modern datums (NAD27 or NAD83). Datum transformations were applied to GCP coordinates prior to registration. Total RMS error for the rectification process was maintained below 1 pixel, which translates to approximately 4m at a scale of 1:20,000 and 1.5m at a scale of 1:10,000. Geo-registered T-sheets were loaded in ArcView and vector shorelines were digitized.
    Quality assessments were performed and shorelines were edited to remove any overlap between adjacent shorelines. No edgematching between adjacent shorelines was attempted. Finally, shorelines from all sources were merged to produce a single shoreline for the period. The final shoreline was coded with 6 attribute fields (ID, Type, Date, Descr, Source, and Accuracy) required for the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS), which was used to calculate shoreline change rates. The attributes reflect the source of the data and the original survey year. Person who carried out this activity:
    Bruce Richmond
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Pacific Science Center
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Pacific Standard Time
    Date: 15-Feb-2007 (process 2 of 4)
    Data were projected from UTM zone 10 to geographic with Datum shift from NAD27 to NAD83_6
    Tool: ArcGIS > ArcToolbox > Toolboxes > Data Management Tools > Project
    Command issued:
    ['GCS_North_American_1983',DATUM['D_North_American_1983', SPHEROID['GRS_1980',6378137.0,298.257222101]], PRIMEM['Greenwich',0.0],UNIT['Degree',0.0174532925199433]] NAD_1927_To_NAD_1983_6 Person who carried out this activity:
    Emily Himmelstoss
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2262 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    ehimmelstoss@usgs.gov
    Date: 07-Feb-2017 (process 3 of 4)
    Keywords section of metadata optimized for discovery in USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Data Catalog. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Alan O. Allwardt
    Contractor -- Information Specialist
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-460-7551 (voice)
    831-427-4748 (FAX)
    aallwardt@usgs.gov
    Date: 26-Apr-2018 (process 4 of 4)
    Added keywords from Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to metadata. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Alan O. Allwardt
    Contractor -- Information Specialist
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-460-7551 (voice)
    831-427-4748 (FAX)
    aallwardt@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Hapke, Cheryl J., Reid, David, Richmond, Bruce M., Ruggiero, Peter, and List, Jeff, 2006, National Assessment of Shoreline Change Part 3: Historical Shoreline Change and Associated Coastal Land Loss Along Sandy Shorelines of the California Coast: Open-File Report 2006-1219, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Pacific Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    The maximum estimated positional error for this shoreline is 13.9 meters. Please visit our full report on shoreline change in the Coastline of California (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1219/), under the heading 'Uncertainties and Errors', for a complete explanation of the measurement error.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This shoreline data adequately represented the shoreline at the time of the survey. Remaining gaps in this data, if applicable, are a consequence of non-existing data or existing data that did not meet quality assurance standards.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    There is significant agreement of linework between adjacent shorelines. Shorelines were checked for accuracy, but no edgematching attempts were made between adjacent shorelines even if slight offsets existed.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
This data set is not to be used for navigational purposes.
Public domain data from the U.S. government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Pacific Science Center
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data: USGS Open-File Report 2006-1251
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, these data and information are provided with the understanding that they are not guaranteed to be usable, timely, accurate, or complete. Users are cautioned to consider carefully the provisional nature of these data and information before using them for decisions that concern personal or public safety or the conduct of business that involves substantial monetary or operational consequences. Conclusions drawn from, or actions undertaken on the basis of, such data and information are the sole responsibility of the user.
    Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any data, software, information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights.
    Trade, firm, or product names and other references to non-USGS products and services are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the USGS, USDOI, or U.S. Government, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of importing the data. A free data viewer, ArcExplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 26-Apr-2018
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey
Pacific Science Center
Santa Cruz, Ca
USA

(831) 427-4450 (voice)
(831) 427-4748 (FAX)
Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/westcoast/shoreline_change/ca_coast/Norcal1928_1936.shp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:43:59 2018