SOCAL_INTERSECTS_ST - Short-Term Transect-Shoreline Intersection Points for Southern California Generated to Calculate Shoreline Change Rates

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
SOCAL_INTERSECTS_ST - Short-Term Transect-Shoreline Intersection Points for Southern California Generated to Calculate Shoreline Change Rates
Abstract:
Rates of long-term and short-term shoreline change were generated in a GIS using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 3.0; An ArcGIS extension for calculating shoreline change: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1304, Thieler, E.R., Himmelstoss, E.A., Zichichi, J.L., and Miller, T.M. The extension is designed to efficiently lead a user through the major steps of shoreline change analysis. This extension to ArcGIS contains three main components that define a baseline, generate orthogonal transects at a user-defined separation along the coast, and calculate rates of change (linear regression, endpoint rate, average of rates, average of endpoints, jackknife).
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Hapke, Cheryl, and Reid, David, 2005, SOCAL_INTERSECTS_ST - Short-Term Transect-Shoreline Intersection Points for Southern California Generated to Calculate Shoreline Change Rates: Open-File Report 2006-1251, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, U.S. Geological Survey, Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies, St. Petersburg, FL.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Hapke, Cheryl, and Reid, David, 2006, National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the Sandy Shorelines of the California Coast: Open-File Report 2006-1251, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Pacific Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.998076
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.131589
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.456397
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 32.576268
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Calendar_Date: 2005
    Currentness_Reference:
    publication date
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Entity point (12719)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000000. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000000. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Socal_intersects_st
    Shoreline-Transect Intersections (Source: USGS)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    TransectId
    Identifies transect with which the intersection points are associated. (Source: DSAS)
    ValueDefinition
    ValueTransect Identification
    BaselineId
    Baseline ID Used by Transect (Source: USGS) Baseline Identification
    ShorelineI
    Shoreline Date (Source: USGS)
    ValueDefinition
    DateShoreline Date associated with Transect-Shoreline Intersect
    Distance
    Distance from Baseline to Shoreline-Transect Intersect (Source: USGS)
    ValueDefinition
    MetersDistance from Baseline to Shoreline-Transect Intersect
    IntersectX
    X Coordinate of Intersect Point (Source: USGS) Coordinates defining the features.
    IntersectY
    Y Coordinate of Intersect Point (Source: USGS) Coordinates defining the features.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Cheryl Hapke
    • David Reid
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Science Center
    400 Natural Bridges Drive
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time

Why was the data set created?

Historical shoreline change is considered to be a crucial element in studying the vulnerability of the national shoreline. These data are used in a shoreline change analysis for the USGS National Assessment Project.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    (source 1 of 1)
    ,.

    This is part of the following larger work.

    ,.

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: Unknown (process 1 of 4)
    A baseline was manually constructed seaward of, and parallel to, the trend of shorelines representing four general time periods (1800s, 1920s-1930s, 1970s, and 1998-2002). Using DSAS an Extension for ArcGIS(http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1304/), transects were generated with a spacing of 50m and transect-shoreline intersection points were saved to a separate layer. Transects were manually eliminated to prevent calculation of rates in areas where less than four shorelines were intersected.
    Long-term rates of shoreline change, in units of m/yr, were calculated at each transect using linear regression applied to all four shoreline positions from the earliest (1800s) to the most recent (derived from lidar). Linear regression was selected because it has been shown to be the most statistically robust quantitative method when a limited number of shorelines are available and it is the most commonly applied statistical technique for expressing shoreline movement and estimating rates of change. Uncertainties for the long-term rates are also reported in units of m/yr and represent a 90% confidence interval for the slope of the regression line. This means with 90% statistical confidence that the true rate of shoreline change falls within the range defined by the reported value plus or minus the error value. The variability around the trend reflects both measurement and sampling errors. Short-term rates of shoreline change, in units of m/yr, were calculated using the endpoint method comparing the 1970s and most recent shoreline positions. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Bruce Richmond
    Pacific Science Center
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Pacific Standard Time
    Date: 15-Feb-2007 (process 2 of 4)
    Data were projected from UTM zone 10 to geographic with Datum shift from NAD27 to NAD83_6
    Tool: ArcGIS > ArcToolbox > Toolboxes > Data Management Tools > Project
    Command issued:
    ['GCS_North_American_1983',DATUM['D_North_American_1983', SPHEROID['GRS_1980',6378137.0,298.257222101]], PRIMEM['Greenwich',0.0],UNIT['Degree',0.0174532925199433]] NAD_1927_To_NAD_1983_6 Person who carried out this activity:
    Emily Himmelstoss
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2262 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    ehimmelstoss@usgs.gov
    Date: 07-Feb-2017 (process 3 of 4)
    Keywords section of metadata optimized for discovery in USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Data Catalog. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Alan O. Allwardt
    Contractor -- Information Specialist
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-460-7551 (voice)
    831-427-4748 (FAX)
    aallwardt@usgs.gov
    Date: 26-Apr-2018 (process 4 of 4)
    Added keywords from Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to metadata. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Alan O. Allwardt
    Contractor -- Information Specialist
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-460-7551 (voice)
    831-427-4748 (FAX)
    aallwardt@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Hapke, Cheryl J., Reid, David, Richmond, Bruce M., Ruggiero, Peter, and List, Jeff, 2006, National Assessment of Shoreline Change Part 3: Historical Shoreline Change and Associated Coastal Land Loss Along Sandy Shorelines of the California Coast: Open-File Report 2006-1219, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Pacific Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

    Thieler, E. Robert, Himmelstoss, Emily A., Zichichi, Jessica L., and Miller, Tara L., 2005, The Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 3.0, an ArcGIS Extension for Calculating Historic Shoreline Change: Open-File Report 2005-1304, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Postional Accuracy is based on position of shoreline with respect to the transect.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This shoreline-transect intersect data adequately represented the intersect at the time of the analysis. Remaining gaps in this data, if applicable, are a consequence of non-existing data, transects crossing man-made features or existing data that did not meet quality assurance standards.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    Shoreline-Transect Intersections represent the absolute position of the intersects and do not take into account bias shift values in the positions and distances of the shoreline and for rate calculation.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Pacific Science Center
    Santa Cruz, Ca
    USA

    (831) 427-4450 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data: USGS Open-File Report 2004-1089
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, these data and information are provided with the understanding that they are not guaranteed to be usable, timely, accurate, or complete. Users are cautioned to consider carefully the provisional nature of these data and information before using them for decisions that concern personal or public safety or the conduct of business that involves substantial monetary or operational consequences. Conclusions drawn from, or actions undertaken on the basis of, such data and information are the sole responsibility of the user.
    Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any data, software, information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights.
    Trade, firm, or product names and other references to non-USGS products and services are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the USGS, USDOI, or U.S. Government, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of importing the data. A free data viewer, ArcExplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 26-Apr-2018
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey
Pacific Science Center
Santa Cruz, Ca
USA

(831) 427-4450 (voice)
(831) 427-4748 (FAX)
Hours_of_Service: Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Standard Time
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/westcoast/shoreline_change/ca_coast/socal_intersects_st.shp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:44:00 2018