NANPHAB -- Benthic Habitat polygons for North Anacapa Passage (UTM 10N, NAD83)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
NANPHAB -- Benthic Habitat polygons for North Anacapa Passage (UTM 10N, NAD83)
Abstract:
Benthic habitat polygon coverages have been created for marine reserve locations surrounding the Santa Barbara Basin. Diver, ROV and submersible video transects, bathymetry data, sedimentary samples, and sonar mapping, have been integrated to describe the geological, biological, and oceanographic aspects of habitat. Anacapa Reserve, is part of the Marine Ecological Reserves Research Program (MERRP). The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in a cooperative project with Sea Grant-MERRP and investigators at National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS), and National Park Service (NPS) has collected sidescan sonar and video data to produce a polygon coverage. The habitat polygons have attributes for megahabitat, bottom induration, macrohabitat (where macrohabitat observations are available), polygon area, polygon perimeter, and water depth. The habitat GIS shows rocky habitat suitable for rockfish (Sebastes sp.), abalone (Haliotis sp.), and other threatened benthic species from the shoreline out to the 100-m depth limit of the survey.
Supplemental_Information:
Additional information about the field activities from which this data set was derived are available online at http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/nearshorehab/
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Cochrane, Guy R., 2005, NANPHAB -- Benthic Habitat polygons for North Anacapa Passage (UTM 10N, NAD83): Open-File Report 2005-1170, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Western Coastal and Marine Geology, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Cochrane, Guy R., Conrad, James E., Reid, Jane A., Fangman, Sarah, and Golden, Nadine, 2005, Nearshore Benthic Habitat GIS for the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Southern California State Fisheries Reserves, Volume II Edition: 1.0: Open-File Report 2005-1170, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Western Coastal and Marine Geology, Santa Cruz, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.528215
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.447256
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.081139
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.019136
  3. What does it look like?
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1170/images/nanphab.jpg (JPEG)
    JPEG image of habitat polygons
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 12-Jun-2000
    Ending_Date: 18-Jul-2000
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • G-polygon (71652)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 10
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -123.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest .000016
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest .000016
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic ReferenceSystem 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.2572222.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    nanphab
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    ID
    GRIDCODE
    CODE
    MEGA_ID
    MSO_MRC_ID
    MDFIR_ID
    BOTTOM_ID
    GEO_UNIT
    Area
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    
    nanphab Fields:
    
    NAME		ALIAS	TYPE	LENGTH	PRECISION	SCALE	NUMBER_FORMAT
    ID	  	ID	Double      10         10           0	      Numeric
    GRIDCODE        GRIDCODE	Double      10         10           0         Numeric
    CODE      	CODE   	String      10         10           0               -
    MEGA_ID   	MEGA_ID String       5          0           0               -
    MSO_MRC_ID    MSO_MRC_ID String       5          0           0               -
    MDFR_ID		MDFR_ID	String       5          0           0               -
    BOTTOM_ID      BOTTOM_ID String       5          0           0               -
    GEO_UNIT	       GEO_UNIT String	    50		0	    0		    -
    Area		Area	Double	    19         18          11          Numeric
    
    Benthic habitat classification attributes: megahabitat, bottom induration, meso-macrohabitat, and modifiers from Green and others, 1999. CODE is a combination of the habitat attributes. MEGA_ID is usually S for Shelf, but may be F for basin or canyon flank. BOTTOM_ID is h for hard bottom, m for mixed hard and soft bottom, or s for soft sediment bottom MSO_MRC_ID are visual observations when sand waves (w) were observed. These macrohabitats described in Greene and others 1999. MDFR_ID are modifiers to describe the texture or lithology of the seafloor and appear in the code preceded by an underscore (_). Including; fractured (_f), differently eroded (_d), kelp (_k), and limestone (_l)
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
    Habitat attribute types are Modified after Greene, G.H., Yoklavich, M.M., Starr, R.M., O'Connell, V.M., Wakefield, W.W., Sullivan, D.E., McRea, J.E., and Cailliet, G.M., 1999. A classification scheme for deep seafloor habitats. Oceanologica Acta, 22, 663-678.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Guy R. Cochrane
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    Thanks to the Staff of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, the crew of the NOAA R/V Ballena, the crew of the NOAA R/V MacArthur, and the crew of the UCSD R/V Sproul.
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Guy R. Cochrane
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geophysicist
    400 Natural Bridges Drive
    Santa Cruz, CA
    USA

    (831) 427-4754 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    gcochrane@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

These data are intended for science researchers, students, policy makers, and the general public. The data can be used with geographic information systems (GIS) software to display geologic and oceanographic information.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2004 (process 1 of 2)
    Cochrane, G.R., and K. D. Lafferty, 2002, Use of acoustic classification of sidescan sonar data for mapping benthic habitat in the Northern Channel Islands, California. Continental Shelf Research, 22:683-690.
    Date: 14-Jan-2005 (process 2 of 2)
    Nadine Golden started here. //Created grids and polygons from original image files. 1. Converted images to grids in ArcInfo: Note: divided hard layer into 2 layers: -first layer includes of all rock data -second rock layer included only the bright homogeneous areas. -merged these 2 layers for final hard grid nanp1hrd4g. 2. Converted grids to polygons for editing using ArcGIS Spatial Analysis Extension's Reclassify option. 3. Edited, cleaned, polygons -cleaned up all layers: wiped out the nadir and noise areas classified as hard, mixed or soft bottom. 4. Converted polygons back to grids using ArcGIS Spatial Analysis Extension option: Feature to Rasture. //Merged final grids to make one grid of all layers 1. Created a fourth grid of all data area and assigned gridcode to 128--half way between soft and mixed. 2. Merged all grids in Spatial Analyst tool Raster Calculator -set option to Extent-->union of inputs. -used the merge command in raster calculator dialogue box: nanp1mhab1g = merge([nanp1mhrd4g - nanp1mhrd4g],[nanp1mix9g - nanp1mix9g],[nanpsand2g - nanpsand2g],[nanapalldata2 - nanapalldata2]) //Filtered grid to decrease polygon total steps: 1. filtered original grid using the "low" filter default (two passes were required to create a grid that resolved to under 100,000 polygons): filter nanp1mhab13g nanp1mhab14g filter nanp1mhab14g nanp1mhab15g 2. reclassified new grid using spatial anlysis reclassification option and the following remap categories: 1-128 : 85 129-189 : 170. 190-255 : 255 3. converted new floating point grid to an integer grid. secru1mhab8g = int(secru1mhab7g). 4. Using ArcGIS, ArcToolbox Raster to Features, converted new floating integer grid to polygon shapefile new polygon shapefile: 85,257 polygons (note: original polygon shapefile: 171,781 polygons)
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    Habitat polygons dervived in ArcGIS 9.0 from a georefereced sidescan sonar mosaic tiff.
    Habitat attribute types are from Greene, G.H., Yoklavich, M.M., Starr, R.M., O'Connell, V.M., Wakefield, W.W., Sullivan, D.E., McRea, J.E., and Cailliet, G.M., 1999. A classification scheme for deep seafloor habitats. Oceanologica Acta, 22, 663-678.
    Macrohabitat attributes assignments are limited to areas where bottom video has been collected.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Accuracy of the horizontal coordinates is on the order of 10 m based on uncertainty in position of sidescansonar fish relative to ships gps position.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Macrohabitat classification is missing where video information is lacking
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    Polygon topology present. Every polygon has a label and are all polygons closed

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Guy R. Cochrane
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geophysicist
    400 Natural Bridges Drive
    Santa Cruz, CA
    USA

    (831) 427-4754 (voice)
    (831) 427-4748 (FAX)
    gcochrane@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy of the data. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials.
    Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
    • Availability in digital form:
      Data format: The SHP file contains the geospatial data. The SHX file contains the index of the geospatial data. The DBF file contains the attribute data in dBase format. The PRJ file contains the coordinate system information (optional). The AVL file contains the legend information (optional). The SBN and SBX files contain the spatial index of the geospatial data (optional). The XML file contains the metadata describing the data set <data set name>.shp.xml. An ASCII version of the metadata file. A browse graphic showing the data layer coverage and extent (optional). in format SHP (version 3.3) ESRI Shapefile Format Size: 44.353
      Network links: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1170/habitat/nanphab.tgz
      http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1170/catalog.html
    • Cost to order the data: None

  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of the importing data. A free data viewer, arcexplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 2005
Last Reviewed: 12-Jun-2006
Metadata author:
Guy R. Cochrane
U.S. Geological Survey
Geophysicist
400 Natural Bridges Drive
Santa Cruz, CA
USA

(831) 427-4754 (voice)
(831) 427-4748 (FAX)
gcochrane@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata ("CSDGM version 2") (FGDC-STD-001-1998)
Metadata extensions used:

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/westcoast/socal/cinms/nanphab.shp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Fri Sep 13 15:01:16 2019