The natural movement of air in horizontal currents. Distributions are maps of wind climatology and observations of wind speed, direction, and variability in the lower atmosphere as a function of location, time, or elevation. Assessments evaluate the potential, profitability, and risks of generating wind energy, as well as the effects of wind on uses other than energy generation, such as transportation or offshore structures. Predictions are the results of models or projections of future wind climatology and wind assessments; these data include predicted changes due to economic, regulatory, technological, and environmental changes.

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Wave and wind projections along United States coasts

Coastal managers and ocean engineers rely heavily on projected average and extreme wave conditions for planning and design purposes, but when working on a local or regional scale, are faced with much uncertainty as changes in the global climate impart spatially varying trends. Future storm conditions are likely to evolve in a fashion that is unlike past conditions and is ultimately dependent on the complicated interaction between the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean systems. Despite a lack of available data ...