Coastal Interferometric Swath Bathymetry Data Collected in 2015 from the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana: 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Coastal Interferometric Swath Bathymetry Data Collected in 2015 from the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana: 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ
Abstract:
The U.S. Geological Survey St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (USGS SPCMSC), collected swath bathymetry data offshore of the Northern Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana in September 2015. This USGS Data Release includes the resulting processed elevation point data (xyz) and an interpolated digital elevation model (DEM). For further information regarding data collection and/or processing methods, refer to previously published USGS Data Series 847 and 848 (http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds8487 and http://dx.doi.org10.3133/ds848)
Supplemental_Information:
The processed swath data, 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ.txt, are provided as an American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) x,y,z point data file. These values are not the individual soundings but are the exported BASE (Bathymetry with Associated Statistical Error) surface at 5-meter spatial distances with associated CUBE (Combined Uncertainty and Bathymetry Estimator) sample surface created from the edited soundings dataset using CARIS HIPS and SIPS version 9.1. These are considered interpolated samples in which one value represents all soundings within a five-meter node, weighted by uncertainty and proximity, giving the final value as a data sample within the specific grid cell. The swath bathymetry data were collected and processed in World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS84). This dataset was subsequently transformed to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83), using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) VDatum version 3.5 transformation software (http://vdatum.noaa.gov/), and included in the data release as 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ.txt. The data were collected using the WGS84 reference ellipsoid.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 20161221, Coastal Interferometric Swath Bathymetry Data Collected in 2015 from the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana: 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release doi:10.5066/F7NV9GC8.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.87805384
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.83262031
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.07266169
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.01512066
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 15-Sep-2015
    Ending_Date: 21-Sep-2015
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Point data set.
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 16
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222101.
      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Altitude_System_Definition:
      Altitude_Datum_Name: North American Vertical Datum 1988
      Altitude_Resolution: 0.0001 cm
      Altitude_Distance_Units: meters
      Altitude_Encoding_Method: Attribute values
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ.txt
    ASCII text file containing the processed 5-meter resolution interferometric swath bathymetry x,y,z samples transformed to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) geodetic datum and North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) orthometric height, derived using the GEOID09 model. (Source: USGS)
    NAD83(CORS96)_X
    NAD83 X-coordinate (easting) of sample point, in meters (Source: USGS)
    Range of values
    Minimum:318980.758
    Maximum:323260.7568
    Resolution:1.0E-4
    NAD83(CORS96)_Y
    NAD83 Y-coordinate (northing) of sample point, in meters (Source: USGS)
    Range of values
    Minimum:3321944.383
    Maximum:3328254.382
    Resolution:1.0E-4
    NAVD88g09
    NAVD88 (orthometric height) of sample point, in meters with respect to GEOID09. (Source: USGS)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-8.6067
    Maximum:-1.703
    Resolution:1.0E-4
    StDev
    The standard deviation of the BASE surface value, in meters (Source: CARIS)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0.000
    Maximum:0.146
    Resolution:0.001
    DataType
    IFB = Interferometric Bathymetry; SPCMSC identifier of bathymetry data type. (Source: USGS) Character string - IFB
    Year
    Year data were collected (Source: USGS) 2015

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Jake J. Fredericks
    U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
    600 4th Street South
    St. Petersburg, FL
    USA

    (727)502-8033 (voice)
    jfredericks@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

This zip archive contains processed x,y,z data points for the interferometric swath bathymetry data collected in September 15-21, 2015 offshore of the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana (USGS field activity number (FAN), 2015-331-FA). Additional survey and data details are available at http://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2015-331-FA

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2015 (process 1 of 3)
    Swath Bathymetry Acquisition: The interferometric swath bathymetry data were collected aboard the R/V Sallenger in September 2015 using the SEA SWATHplus-H 468 kHz interferometric sonar system. The transducer system was fastened to a static pole mount deployed over the starboard side gunnel. The Novatel GPS antennas were mounted atop the cabin. Boat position and motion data were recorded in real-time using a CodaOctopus F190R+ wetpod IMU. The IMU was mounted underwater between the transducer heads to minimize lever arm geometry errors between observed depths and vessel motion. Real-time corrected positions were acquired via Marinestar HP DGPS subscription service from Fugro, Inc. Marinestar HP position correction data and motion data from the IMU were integrated with interferometric soundings using SWATHplus software, version 3.10.2.0, with positional and calibration offsets pre-defined by a session file (.sxs), allowing for real-time-corrected depths. Before deployment, all equipment offsets were measured. During the survey, all swath tracklines were recorded in SWATHplus raw data format (.sxr). A Valeport Mini Sound Velocity Sensor (miniSVS) was attached to the transducer mount and collected continuous speed of sound (SOS) measurements at the depth of the transducers. These values were directly read and incorporated into the SWATHplus raw data format during acquisition providing a real-time speed of sound at the transducer while underway. In addition, a separate Mini Sound Velocity Profiler (Valeport miniSVP) was used to collect speed of sound profiles (water surface to seafloor) approximately every two hours throughout the survey as well as other areas of question such as rapid transitions in water depth. Person who carried out this activity:
    Jake J. Fredericks
    U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
    Geologist
    600 4th Street South
    St. Petersburg, FL
    USA

    (727) 502-8033 (voice)
    jfredericks@usgs.gov
    Date: 16-Apr-2016 (process 2 of 3)
    Swath Bathymetry Processing: Data were collected with SWATHplus-H and Bathyswath 3.10.2, an acquisition and initial processing program. Preliminary roll calibration trackline data were collected and processed using Bathyswath Swath Processor version 3.10.2.0 and Bathyswath Grid Processor software version 3.10.0.0. Instrument offsets and calibration values were input into the session file (.sxs) and the raw data files (.sxr) were then processed using the updated system configuration file containing roll calibration values, measured equipment offsets, acquisition parameters, navigation and motion from the F190R+, SOS at the sonar head, and SVP cast data. Any calibration offsets and acoustic filtering utilized in Bathyswath was then applied to each raw data file to create a processed data file (.sxp), and then imported into advanced sounding data processing software CARIS HIPS and SIPS (CARIS) version 9.1. The initial real-time processing datum for the swath and backscatter data was WGS84, which is the acquisition datum for Marinestar HP position and navigation data. Within CARIS, outliers for the navigation data and processed soundings were removed using program filters. Any remaining data outliers were then removed manually. A CARIS BASE surface with associated CUBE sample surface was created from the edited soundings. A CUBE hypothesis is the estimated value of a grid node representing all the soundings within a chosen resolution or grid-cell size (for example, 5 m) weighted by uncertainty and proximity, giving the final value as a "sample" of the data within the specific grid cell. This algorithm allows for multiple grid-node hypotheses to be verified or overridden by the user while maximizing processing efficiency. A final visual inspection of the dataset in addition to Quality Control and Quality Assurance (QA/QC) procedures were implemented to ensure all outliers and erroneous data points had been removed from the final BASE surface. In order to provide the dataset in a non-proprietary format, the final XYZ data were exported as an ASCII comma-separated file. Person who carried out this activity:
    Jake J. Fredericks
    U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
    Geologist
    600 4th Street South
    St. Petersburg, FL
    USA

    (727) 502-8033 (voice)
    jfredericks@usgs.gov
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_WGS84_XYZ.txt
    Date: 2016 (process 3 of 3)
    Datum Transformation: The text file 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09.txt was converted using VDatum version 3.5 from WGS84 to the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) reference frame and the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) orthometric height using the National Geodetic Survey (NGS) geoid model of 2009 (GEOID09). Person who carried out this activity:
    Noreen A. Buster
    U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
    Geologist
    600 4th Street South
    St. Petersburg, FL
    USA

    (727) 502-8114 (voice)
    nbuster@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_WGS84_XYZ.txt
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • 2015_Chand_IFB_5m_NAD83_NAVD88_GEOID09_XYZ.txt
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    The accuracy of the data was determined during data collection. This dataset was from one research cruise and was therefore internally consistent. Methods were employed to maintain data collection consistency aboard the platform. During mobilization, each piece of equipment was isolated to obtain internal and external offset measurements with respect to the survey platform. All the critical measurements were recorded manually and digitally entered into their respective programs. For the interferometric swath bathymetry (IFB), offsets between the sonar head and the Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) antennas were measured and entered into the CodaOctopus F190R+ internal setup program. The DGPS correction was obtained from Marinestar High-precision (HP) differential global navigation satellite system, a satellite positioning service, from Fugro, Inc. This signal was received through the Coda Octopus F190R+ GPS antennas. These bathymetric data have not been independently verified for accuracy.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Navigation information was recorded in real-time kinematic mode via the CODA Octopus F190R+ Precision Attitude and Positioning System. Differential GPS correction was obtained through the Marinestar HP broadcast subscription from Fugro, Inc. The manufacturer's stated horizontal accuracy is 10 centimeters (cm) 95% of the time. The trackline position data were recorded using HYPACK version 15.0.1.1 hydrographic acquisition and processing software.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
    The manufacturer's stated vertical accuracy of Marinestar GPS subscription is 15 cm, 95% of the time. The Coda Octopus F190R+ inertial measurement unit (IMU), which integrates the Marinestar position with motion, measures vessel velocity (+/- 0.014 meters/second [m/s]), roll and pitch (less than 0.025 degrees), heading (1 m baseline 0.1 degrees), and heave (5 cm per meter (m) of depth). The vertical accuracy for the SWATHplus-H system varies with depth and across track range. At 57 m, it is accurate to 10 cm vertically. Maximum vertical transformation error reported by VDatum version 3.5 was 0.171 m or 17.1 centimeters for eastern Louisiana. The sum of the errors (+/- 0.013 m + +/-0.15 m +0.171 m) in the vertical direction is equal to +/-.334 m or +/- 33.4 cm.
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    These are complete post-processed x,y,z bathymetric data points from acoustic swath data collected near the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana, in September 2015.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    This file represents the post-processed bathymetric data (x,y,z) collected during a swath bathymetry survey (2015-331-FA).

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. The U.S. Geological Survey requests to be acknowledged as originator of these data in future products or derivative research.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Jake J. Fredericks
    U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
    600 4th Street South
    St. Petersburg, FL
    USA

    (727)502-8033 (voice)
    jfredericks@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system, or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The USGS shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described or contained herein. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 16-Dec-2016
Metadata author:
Jake J. Fredericks
U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Physical Scientist
600 4th Street South
St. Petersburg, FL
USA

(727) 502-8000 (voice)
jfredericks@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

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