Originator: Ilsa B. Kuffner
Underwater temperature data collected from off-shore coral reefs of the Florida Keys, U.S.A.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Data Release
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: Kuffner, I. B.
Originator: Hickey, T. D.
Originator: Morrison, J. M.
Calcification rates of the massive coral Siderastrea siderea and crustose coralline algae along the Florida Keys (USA) outer-reef tract
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Publication (Journal)
Series_Name: Coral Reefs
Issue_Identification: Volume 32, Issue 4
Publication_Place: Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher: Springer Berlin
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coral Reef Ecosystems Studies (CREST) project (https://coastal.er.usgs.gov/crest/
) provides science that helps resource managers tasked with the stewardship of coral reef resources. Coral reef organisms are very sensitive to high and low water-temperature extremes. It is critical to precisely know water temperatures experienced by corals and associated plants and animals that live in the dynamic nearshore environment to document thresholds in temperature tolerance. This dataset provides underwater temperature data recorded every fifteen minutes from 2009 to 2019 at six off-shore coral reefs in the Florida Keys, USA. From northeast to southwest, these sites are Fowey Rocks (Biscayne National Park), Molasses Reef (Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, FKNMS, site terminated in 2013), Crocker Reef (FKNMS, site added in 2013), Sombrero Reef (FKNMS), Pulaski Shoal Light(Dry Tortugas National Park), and Pulaski Shoal West (Dry Tortugas National Park, site added in 2016). A portion of the dataset included here was interpreted in conjunction with coral and algal calcification rates in Kuffner and others (2013).
Data were obtained to assess the dynamic, underwater temperature environment experienced by coral reef organisms. These data will be used to ground truth sea-surface temperatures measured by satellites, improve hydrodynamic and heat-transfer models, and to inform conservation and management decisions.
Scientific research permits:
The data were collected under the Biscayne National Park permits: BISC-2009-SCI-0019; BISC-2010-SCI-0035; BISC-2011-SCI-0025; BISC-2013-SCI-0011; BISC-2014-SCI-0020; BISC-2015-SCI-0003; BISC-2016-SCI-0003; BISC-2017-SCI-0011; BISC-2017-SCI-0011; BISC-2018-SCI-0014; accession number BISC-228. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary permits: FKNMS-2008-062-A1; FKNMS-2010-068; FKNMS-2010-122; FKNMS-2013-024-A2; FKNMS-2016-085. Dry Tortugas National Park permits: DRTO-2009-SCI-0009; DRT0-2011-SCI-0004; DRTO-2013-SCI-0008; DRTO-2015-SCI-0010; DRTO-2016-0010; DRTO-2017-SCI-0001; accession number DRTO-274.
To ensure that USGS-St. Petersburg data management protocols were followed, each survey was assigned the following USGS field activity number (FAN): 09CBC01, 09CBC02, 09CBC03, 09CBC04, 09CBC05, 10CBC01, 10CBC02, 10CBC03, 10CBC04, 11CBC01, 11CBC02, 11CBC03, 12CBC02, 12CBC03, 12CBC04, 13CBC01, 13CBC02, 13CBC03, 13CBC04, 2014-332-FA, 2015-313-FA, 2015-319-FA, 2015-337-FA, 2016-323-FA, 2016-357-FA, 2017-311-FA, 2017-352-FA, 2018-359-FA, 2019-316-FA and 2019-367-FA. Additional survey and data details are available from the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System (CMGDS) at, https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Progress: In work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: aquatic biology
Theme_Keyword: marine geology
Theme_Keyword: reef ecosystems
Theme_Keyword: sea surface temperature
Theme_Keyword: underwater temperature
Theme_Keyword: coral reef
Theme_Keyword: coral bleaching
Theme_Keyword: in situ temperature
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Biscayne National Park
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
Place_Keyword: Dry Tortugas National Park
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place_Keyword: Fowey Rocks
Place_Keyword: Sombrero Reef
Place_Keyword: Pulaski Shoal Light
Place_Keyword: Pulaski Shoal West
Place_Keyword: Crocker Reef
Place_Keyword: Molasses Reef
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: Global Change Master Science Directory
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. The U.S. Geological Survey requests to be acknowledged as originator of these data in future products or derivative research.
Contact_Person: Ilsa B. Kuffner
U.S. Geological Survey, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: Saint Petersburg
Acknowledgment of the USGS Coastal/Marine Hazards and Resources Program, as a data source, would be appreciated in products developed from these data, and such acknowledgment as is standard for citation and legal practices for data source is expected.
Environment as of Metadata Creation: Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.1 (Build 4959) Service Pack N/A (Build N/A)