Originator: Kara S. Doran
Originator: Hilary F. Stockdon
Originator: David M. Thompson
Originator: Justin Birchler
Originator: Nathaniel G. Plant
Originator: Jacquelyn R. Overbeck
National Assessment of Hurricane-Induced Coastal Erosion Hazards: Gulf of Mexico Update
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Title: Coastal Change Hazards: Hurricanes and Extreme Storms
This dataset contains information on the probabilities of hurricane-induced erosion (collision, inundation and overwash) for each 1-km section of the Gulf of Mexico coast for category 1-5 hurricanes. The analysis is based on a storm-impact scaling model that uses observations of beach morphology combined with sophisticated hydrodynamic models to predict how the coast will respond to the direct landfall of category 1-5 hurricanes. Hurricane-induced water levels, due to both surge and waves, are compared to beach and dune elevations to determine the probabilities of three types of coastal change: collision (dune erosion), overwash, and inundation. Data on dune morphology (dune crest and toe elevation) and hydrodynamics (storm surge, wave setup and runup) are also included in this data set. As new beach morphology observations and storm predictions become available, this analysis will be updated to describe how coastal vulnerability to storms will vary in the future. The data presented here include the dune morphology observations, as derived from lidar surveys.
To provide data on the probability of hurricane-induced coastal erosion hazards for the Gulf of Mexico coast.
Currentness_Reference: Publication date
None planned, however future updates and post-storm analyses are anticipated.
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: Open-File Report 2012-1084
Theme_Keyword: OFR 2012-1084
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico
Place_Keyword: U.S. Gulf Coast
The U.S. Geological Survey requests to be acknowledged as originators of the data in future products or derivative research.
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Hilary Stockdon
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: Saint Petersburg
Country: UNITED STATES
The predicted elevations of combined high tide and storm surge for category 1-5 hurricanes were extracted from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) SLOSH (Sea, Lake, and Overland Surges from Hurricanes) model, which has been employed by NOAA in inundation risk studies and operational storm surge forecasting. Wave runup and setup conditions were generated using SWAN software developed by Delft University of Technology (TU Delft).
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