Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Title: ATM Coastal Topography--Alabama 2001
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series
Publication_Place: Saint Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
A first surface elevation map was produced from remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements cooperatively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Elevation measurements were collected over the area using the NASA Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM), a scanning Lidar system that measures high-resolution topography of the land surface. The ATM system is deployed on a twin-otter or P3 aircraft and incorporates a green-wavelength laser operating at pulse rates of 2 to 10 kilohertz. Measurements from the laser ranging device are coupled with data acquired from inertial navigation system (INS) attitude sensors and differentially-corrected global positioning system (GPS) receivers to measure topography of the surface at accuracies of 10 to 20 centimeters.
For more information on Lidar science and the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) system and surveys, see http://ngom.usgs.gov/dsp/overview/index.php
The purpose of this project is to produce highly detailed and accurate elevation maps of the Alabama coastline for natural resource managers and research scientists.
Raw Lidar data are not in a format that is generally usable by resource managers and scientists. Converting dense Lidar elevation data into a readily usable format without loss of essential information requires specialized processing. The U.S. Geological Survey's Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Program has developed custom software to convert raw Lidar data into a GIS-compatible map product to be provided to GIS specialists, managers, and scientists. The primary tool used in the conversion process is Advanced Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a multi-tiered processing system developed by a USGS-NASA collaborative project. These data are converted to the North American Datum of 1983 and the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (using the GEOID03 model). The files are in the Quarter-Quad tiling format and the exact tile location is contained in the file name at ########_fs, where ####### is the Quarter-Quad tile ID.The development of custom software for creating these data products has been supported by the USGS CMG Program's Decision Support for Coastal Parks, Sanctuaries, and Preserves Project. Processed data products are used by the USGS CMG Program's National Assessments of Coastal Change Hazards Project to quantify the vulnerability of shorelines to coastal change hazards such as severe storms, sea-level rise, and shoreline erosion and retreat.
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: Airborne Lidar Processing System
Theme_Keyword: Digital Elevation Model
Theme_Keyword: Airborne Topographic Mapper
Theme_Keyword: laser altimetry
Theme_Keyword: remote sensing
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Data Categories for Marine Planning
Theme_Keyword: bathymetry and elevation
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Keywords
Theme_Keyword: topographic mapping
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: digital elevation models
The U.S. Geological Survey and National Aeronautics and Space Administration request to be acknowledged as originators of the dataset in future products or derivative research.
Contact_Person: Amar Nayegandhi
Contact_Position: Computer Scientist
Jacobs Technology, U.S. Geological Survey, FISC, St. Petersburg, FL
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-803-8747 (x3026)
Hours_of_Service: M-F, 8:00-5:00 EST
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: Saint Petersburg
Acknowledgment of the U.S. Geological Survey, Florida Integrated Science Center as a data source would be appreciated in products developed from these data, and such acknowledgment as is standard for citation and legal practices for data source is expected. Sharing of new data layers developed directly from these data would also be appreciated by the U.S. Geological Survey staff. Users should be aware that comparisons with other datasets for the same area from other time periods may be inaccurate due to inconsistencies resulting from changes in photointerpretation, mapping conventions, and digital processes over time. These data are not legal documents and are not to be used as such.
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