3 arc second digital elevation model of the Gulf of Maine

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title: 3 arc second digital elevation model of the Gulf of Maine
Abstract:
A gap-free, region-wide combined topographic/bathymetric grid at a fixed resolution is useful for describing the topography of the seafloor and for a wide variety of oceanographic studies. Generating a bathymetric grid of this type consists of (1) locating and retrieving digital datasets from a variety of sources, (2) correcting errors and determining the dataset that best represents the topography in specific regions, (3) converting the depth data to common horizontal and vertical datums, and (4) selecting and applying a gridding algorithm to create the final seamless grid.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2013, 3 arc second digital elevation model of the Gulf of Maine: Open-File Report 2011-1127, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Twomey, Erin R., and Signell, Richard P., 2013, Construction of a 3-arcsecond Digital Elevation Model for the Gulf of Maine: Open-File Report 2011-1127, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.5
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -63.0
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 46.0
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.5
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date:
    Ending_Date: 2010
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition of the original data-sets
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: gridded digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point (79560000)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.0008333. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.0008333. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal Degrees. The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.
      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Altitude_System_Definition:
      Altitude_Datum_Name: North American Vertical Datum of 1988
      Altitude_Resolution: 0.01
      Altitude_Distance_Units: Meters
      Altitude_Encoding_Method:
      Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: North American Vertical Datum of 1988
      Depth_Resolution: 0.01
      Depth_Distance_Units: Meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    GOM_061311_3sec
    Digital bathymetry grid (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Z
    Depth (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-5044.84
    Maximum:1912.6
    Units:Meters

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Richard P. Signell
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-547-2310 (FAX)

Why was the data set created?

The purpose of these data are to provide a complete, higher resolution (than previously available) topography dataset to aid a variety of seafloor and oceanographic studies.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2009 (process 1 of 17)
    Data Compilation: Bathymetry data were sought in an effort to compile as many quality bathymetry soundings as possible for the Gulf of Maine region. Digital bathymetry were acquired from: United States Geological Survey(USGS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative (GOMMI), Naval Oceanographic Office, University of New Hampshire, and Canadian Hydrographic Service . In order to fill gaps and supplement these data, images of fishing and nautical charts acquired from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) were georeferenced and contours were digitized in ArcMap 9.2. In the case of digitizing contours, the contours were subsequently converted to points in ArcGIS 9.2 using XToolPro (v. 4.1.0 (Build 375))) by generating a points randomly along the line. The Generic Mapping Tool command 'blockmedian' was used to resample the data at intervals of six (6) arc-seconds. In addition to bathymetry data sources, land elevation data were acquired from United States Geological Survey(USGS), NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), NGA (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and NOAA's Ocean Service (NOS), Coastal Services Center (CSC). Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Research Associate
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2009 (process 2 of 17)
    Data Formatting: All data were converted to ASCII XYZ format including decimal degrees, positive up. The USGS Massachusetts Bay Bathymetry data, the National Elevation Data (NED), and the Shuttle Radar Mission Topography (SRTM version 4.1) were all in ESRI binary grid format. The Geospatial Data Abstraction Library (GDAL) tool gdal_translate was used to convert these data to the gridded file format. The conversion from Gridded Data Format to ASCII XYZ was done using the GMT command 'grd2xyz'. The Northwest Atlantic Dataset in the Self Describing Structure (SDS) architecture utilized an SDS toolset to convert the data to ASCII XYZ format. Although in ASCII format, the NOAA Coastal Services Center Lidar had to be reformatted from a comma-delimited text file to ASCII XYZ. The following data sets underwent a horizontal datum transformation before being formatted to ASCII XYZ: USGS Massachusetts Bay, USGS Middle Ground Shoals, NED, and SRTM. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2009 (process 3 of 17)
    Manual Buffering and Clipping: NGDC/NOAA Hydrographic Soundings with depths greater than 400 meters were eliminated to avoid producing artifacts caused by data overlapping with deeper water, higher resolution data sets such as Smith and Sandwell (version 12.1) and the University of New Hampshire. This was done by mapping the surveys in ArcMap 9.2 to compare the spatial extent with the deeper water data. A buffer of 1000 meters was applied to the deep water data. Any NOAA survey point lying within the buffer was clipped from the data. The Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative (GOMMI) data had to be processed to a coarser resolution of 30 meters due to the large size of the 5 meter resolution files. This procedure was done to increase the proficiency and speed of the gridding algorithm. The large data sets cause the algorithm to bog down and stop all together during initial processing. Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) blockmedian was used to decrease the resolution from 5 meters to 30 meters using a grid spacing of 30 meters for the region of interest (71.5 - 63.0 W and 39.5 - 46.0 N). A buffer of 1000 meters was applied to any higher resolution data overlapping the Smith and Sandwell Global Topography data. If any of the Smith and Sandwell data fell within the buffer, it was clipped (removed) to avoid producing artifacts during the surface interpolation of the final digital bathymetry grid. The Olex data were clipped to remove any points that fell within a 1000 meter buffer around the NWATL data to avoid producing artifacts. The clipping was done by using ArcMap 9.2 "near" tool from the ArcMap ArcToolbox Analysis tools. Any National Elevation Data (NED) points falling within the buffer were removed from the final data set to ensure there was no overlap between the data sets. This same method was used with the NOAA CSC Coastal Lidar data. Any National Elevation Data (NED) points falling within the buffer were removed from the final input data-set. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-5310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2009 (process 4 of 17)
    Horiztonal Datum Transformation: The final horizontal coordinate system chosen for this work is geographic, NAD83. The USGS Massachusetts Bay bathymetry data used the GDAL tool gdalwarp to reproject the data from the original Mercator, NAD83 projection to geographic, NAD83. After the reprojection, the Generic Mapping Tool (GMT) grd2xyz was used to convert the gridded data format to ASCII XYZ. The Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative Data (GOMMI) used the PROJ 4 Cartographic Projection library to reproject the UTM, Zone 19, NAD83 data to geographic, NAD83. The USGS Middle Ground Shoal bathymetry data used GDAL's gdalwarp tool to reproject the data from UTM, Zone 19, WGS84 to Geographic, NAD83. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2009 (process 5 of 17)
    Vertical Datum Transformation: All depth values were converted to NAVD88 using information from the NOAA VDatum Project (http://vdatum.noaa.gov/). The VDatum software does not extend into Canadian waters, but the underlying ADCIRC tidal model does. The MLLW and MLW surfaces from the model were used to convert depths from the MLW or MLLW datum into the tidal model datum. The depths were further transformed into the NAVD88 datum by subtracting 0.09 m, the median value of NAVD88 values above the tidal model datum obtained at five long-term tide gauges in the Gulf of Maine. The maximum cumulative uncertainty from these transformations is estimated to be 0.13 m (VDatum Team, 2011). Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2009 (process 6 of 17)
    Grid Input: Combine all the data into a single XYZ file using AWK. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-547-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2012 (process 7 of 17)
    Sub-region Processing: Clip ASCII XYZ data into 1.2 by 1.2 degree squares, which split total coverage area into 7 rows of latitude and 9 columns of longitude. This was done using MATLAB and AWK. Each sub-region was run through pre-filtering process using the GMT software tool blockmedian. Blockmedian reads in the ASCII XYZ values: longitude, latitude, and depth, along with the user specified region of interest and desired grid spacing. For the Gulf of Maine region, the region of interest was 71.5 to 63.0 W and 39.5 to 46.0 N and the grid spacing was 3-arcseconds. Each working sub-region was then run through GMT surface algorithm to create an adjustable tension continuous curvature surface. The construction of the Gulf of Maine grid used a tension factor of 0.35. The aspect ratio was set to 0.75, the convergence limit was set to 0.1, and the grid spacing was chosen as 3-arcseconds for the region of interest: 71.5 to 63.0 W and 39.5 to 46.0 N. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-547-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2012 (process 8 of 17)
    Sub-region Cropping: Crop the sub-regions from 1.2 by 1.2 to 1 by 1 degree. The continuous surface grid of each subregion was then clipped to 1 degree by 1 degree squares using the Generic Mapping Tool (GMT) grdcut. Grdcut works by extracting the user specified region from an existing grid file. For example, the sub-region 69.5 to 68.5 W and 41.0 to 42.0 N was extracted from working sub-region 69.6 to 68.4 W and 40.9 to 42.1 N. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-547-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2012 (process 9 of 17)
    Grid Cell Conversion: Convert grid cells from grid-line registered to pixel-registered. The Generic Mapping Tool command grdedit was used to modify the content of the final sub-regions of the digital bathymetry grid. This was done by specifying the "-T" option, which makes the necessary changes in the header to convert from grid-line registered to a pixel-registered grid, or vice-versa. This processing step was necessary to assure no visible seams once the final product was pasted together. The grids had to be assembled exactly on the edges in order to provide a seamless image. Content of the final sub-regions of the digital bathymetry grid. This was done by specifying the "-T" option, which makes the necessary changes in the header to convert from grid-line registered to a pixel-registered grid, or vice-versa. This processing step was necessary to assure no visible seams once the final product was pasted together. The grids had to be assembled exactly on the edges in order to provide a seamless image. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-547-8700 x2229 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2012 (process 10 of 17)
    Grid Assembly: The final digital bathymetry grid was assembled by pasting the sub-regions together on a common edge. This was done using Generic Mapping Tool's grdpaste. The user specifies two input grids and a single output grid file name. Grdpaste searches for the common edge and pastes the two grids together to form the final grid. Since there were many sub-regions of the Gulf of Maine, a pasting method had to be followed. Sub regions 1 and 2 of a specific row were pasted together as the base grid. Grdpaste was then done iteratively along each row, pasting the western-most sub-region adjacent to the adjacent sub-region to the east until each row was complete. Grdpaste was then done to each full row using the same method working from the southern-most row adding adjacent rows to the north. Person who carried out this activity:
    Richard P. Signell
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-547-8700 x8700 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    rsignell@usgs.gov
    Date: 2012 (process 11 of 17)
    The final grid grid file was uploaded to the THREDDS server where additional information was added to the file by virtue of NcML in the THREDDS catalog. This NetCDF file, downloaded from the THREDDS server is what is available. Data sources produced in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0.nc
    Date: 2013 (process 12 of 17)
    GDAL version 1.9.2 (part of OSgGeo4W) on a Windows 7 machine was used to convert the NetCDF file to a GeoTIFF image using the following command: gdal_translate -a_srs EPSG:4269 gom03_v1_0.nc gom02_v1_0.tif. The additional metadata information in the header of the NetCDF file is carried over to the GeoTIFF. The -a_srs flag specifies that the CRS is NAD83 (EPSG:4269) and that information is added to the GeoTIFF header. Additionally, an xml file (gom03_v1_0.tif.aux.xml) was created also containing the NcML metadata from the NetCDF file. Data sources used in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0.nc
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0.tif
    • gom03_v1_0.tif.aux.xml
    Date: 2013 (process 13 of 17)
    GDAL version 1.9.2 (part of OSGeo4W) on a Windows 7 machine was used to convert the NetCDF file to an Arc/Info ASCII grid formation using the command: gdal_translate -a_srs EPSG:4269 gom03_v1_0.nc -ot Float32 -of AAIGrid gom03_v1_0.asc. This process also creates gom03_v1_0.prj and gom03_v1_0.asc.aux.xml. The prj file contains the projection information, and the xml file contains the additional NcML metadata from the NetCDF file. Data sources used in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0.tif
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0.asc
    • gom03_v1_0.prj
    • gom03_v1_0.asc.aux.xml
    Date: 2013 (process 14 of 17)
    Each data format file(s), combined with the FGDC compliant metadata were bundled into individual compressed files for download using WinZip version 14. Data sources produced in this process:
    • gom03_v1_0tif.zip
    • gom03_v1_0nc.zip
    • gom03_v1_0asc.zip
    Date: 04-Nov-2015 (process 15 of 17)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.30 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 25-Jan-2018 (process 16 of 17)
    The larger work citation had one originator field, but with two authors. This was adjusted so that there are two originators, each in its own field. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 17 of 17)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Naval Oceanographic Office/Naval Research Laboratory, 1996, Digital Bathymetric Data Base Variable Resolution (DBDB-V): Naval Oceanographic Office, Naval Research Laboratory, Oceanography Division, Ocean Dynamics and Prediction Branch, Unknown.

    Online Links:

    JALBTCX (Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise), 20090918, 2007 US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Topo/Bathy Lidar: Maine, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island: NOAA's Ocean Service (NOS), Coastal Services Center (CSC), Charleston, SC.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    This data set has been extracted from one much larger. See the URL for the location of this larger data set.
    Roworth, Ed, and Signell, Richard P., 1998, Construction of Digital Bathymetry for the Gulf of Maine: Data Series of98-801, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Butman, Bradford, Valentine, Page C., Middleton, T.J., and Danforth, W.W., 2007, A GIS Library of multibeam data for Massachusetts Bay and the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Offshore of Boston, Massachusetts.: Data Series U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 99, Version 1.0, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA/NGDC), Unknown, National Ocean Service Hydrographic Survey Data: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA/NGDC), Unknown.

    Online Links:

    Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative (GOMMI), Unknown, Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative (GOMMI) Coverage Map: Gulf of Maine Mapping Initiative (GOMMI), Unknown.

    Online Links:

    Smith, W.H.F., and Sandwell, D.T., 2009, Global Seafloor Topography from satellite altimetry and ship depth soundings: University of California San Diego Global Topography, San Diego, California.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Smith, W. H. F., and D. T. Sandwell, Global seafloor topography from satellite altimetry and ship depth soundings, Science, v. 277, p. 1957-1962, 26 Sept., 1997.
    University of New Hampshire Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center (CCOM/JHC), 2005, Atlantic North Bathymetry, Atlantic Far North Bathymetry: University of New Hampshire Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping/Joint Hydrographic Center (CCOM/JHC), Durham, NH.

    Online Links:

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA/NGDC), National Ocean Service (NOS), 1978, NOS Scanned Bathymetry and Fishing Maps: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA/NGDC), National Ocean Service (NOS), Uknown.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details: Additional publications dates of the maps are 1980 and 1983
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), EROS Data Center, 1999, National Elevation Dataset: U.S. Geological Survey, Sioux Falls, SD.

    Online Links:

    International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), 2008, Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 90m Digital Elevation Data: Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI), Unknown.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    Digital and non-digital bathymetry data were sought in an effort to compile as many quality bathymetry data sets as possible for the Gulf of Maine region. All input data have gone through a series of quality assurance procedures.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Bathymetry and topographic data have been acquired from 1859 to 2010, the horizontal accuracy of which varies with respect to data source from which the original data were acquired. Respect to data source from which the non-digital were digitized, the fishing charts and nautical charts, and the time period.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
    Bathymetry and topographic data have been acquired from 1859 to 2010, the vertical accuracy of which varies with respect to data source from the original data were acquired. Topographic data are referenced vertically to the NAVD88 datum.
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This gridded data format file is complete and contains all digital bathymetry data used to create the 3-arcsecond digital bathymetry grid of the Gulf of Maine. These data adequately represented the bathymetry of the Gulf of Maine at the time of grid creation. Remaining gaps in these data, if applicable, are a consequence of non-existing data or existing data that did not meet quality assurance standards.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    All data were quality checked for accuracy. Any anomalies present in the final digital bathymetry grid surface may be a result of the tension option chosen for the gridding algorithm.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Richard P. Signell
    United States Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2229 (voice)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    None

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20-Jul-2018
Metadata author:
Richard P. Signell
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, MA
USA

508-548-8700 x2229 (voice)
508-547-2310 (FAX)
rsignell@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/eastcoast/bathymetry/GOM03_v1_0meta.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:45:02 2018