Point Shapefile of Piezometer Locations Collected August, 2005 in the Nauset Marsh Area of Cape Cod, Massachusetts

Metadata also available as - [Outline] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Point Shapefile of Piezometer Locations Collected August, 2005 in the Nauset Marsh Area of Cape Cod, Massachusetts
Abstract:
In order to test hypotheses about groundwater flow under and into estuaries and the Atlantic Ocean, geophysical surveys, geophysical probing, submarine groundwater sampling, and sediment coring were conducted by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists at Cape Cod National Seashore (CCNS) from 2004 through 2006. Coastal resource managers at CCNS and elsewhere are concerned about nutrients that are entering coastal waters via submarine groundwater discharge, which are contributing to eutrophication and harmful algal blooms. The research carried out as part of the study described here was designed, in part, to help refine assumptions required by earlier versions of models about the nature of submarine groundwater flow and discharge at CCNS. This study was conducted in four phases, with a variety of field techniques and equipment employed in each phase. Phase 1 consisted of continuous resistivity profiling (CRP) surveys of the entire study area conducted in 2004. Phase 2 consisted of CRP ground-truthing via resistivity probe measurements and submarine groundwater sampling from hydraulically-drive piezometers using a barge in the Salt Pond/Nauset Marsh area in 2005. Phase 3 consisted of supplemental detailed CRP surveys in the Salt Pond/Nauset Marsh area in 2006. Finally, Phase 4 consisted of sediment coring and porewater extraction in the Salt Pond/Nauset Marsh area later in 2006 to supplement the 2005 sampling.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Bratton, John F., 2008, Point Shapefile of Piezometer Locations Collected August, 2005 in the Nauset Marsh Area of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Open-File Report 2006-1169, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Cross, VeeAnn A., Bratton, John F., Crusius, John, Colman, John A., and McCobb, Timothy D., 2008, Submarine Hydrogeological Data from Cape Cod National Seashore: Open-File Report 2006-1169, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -69.971643
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -69.962932
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.835998
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.830668
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 22-Aug-2005
    Ending_Date: 25-Aug-2005
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Entity point (5)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    piezlocs_2005
    Information unavailable from original metadata. (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    Site
    Name assigned to the piezometer location - attempting to reoccupy the Geoprobe locations by the same site name. (Source: Chief scientist.) Information unavailable from original metadata.
    latitude
    Latitude position of the data point referenced to NAD27. (Source: Recorded value as acquired by a GPS.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:41.83056
    Maximum:41.83589
    Units:decimal degrees
    longitude
    Longitude position of the data point referenced to NAD27. (Source: Recorded value as acquired by a GPS.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-69.97218
    Maximum:-69.96347
    Units:decimal degrees
    error
    Approximate navigational location error in meters. (Source: Field scientist.) numbers in character field.
    comment
    Brief description of data collected. (Source: Field scientist.) character set
    coldate
    Date of data collection. (Source: Field scientist.) date character set
    long_nad83
    Longitude position of the data point referenced to NAD83. (Source: Calculated value.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-69.971643
    Maximum:-69.962932
    Units:decimal degrees
    lat_nad83
    Latitude position of the data point referenced to NAD83. (Source: Calculated value.)
    Range of values
    Minimum:41.830668
    Maximum:41.835998
    Units:decimal degrees
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    A hydraulic vibratory drilling rig mounted on an all-terrain vehicle and secured to a barge was used to advance piezometers for submarine ground-wtaer sampling. These piezometers consisted of 2.5 cm diameter steel pipe in 3.4 m lengths that were joined by hydraulically crimped couplings. Water samples were taken general every 305 cm with water quality measurements of temperature, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, pH, and oxidation-reduction potential made using a YSI 650 Multi-Parameter data sonde. In addition, filtered samples were collected for nutrient measurements. These measurements are stored in the related comma-delimited text file piez_gwdata.csv.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • John F. Bratton
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    John F. Bratton
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2254 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    jbratton@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

This shapefile is used to provide the drilling locations within the Cape Cod National Seashore in 2005 where piezometers were placed to sample submarine groundwater. The related comma-delimited text file which contains the measurement data is piez_gwdata.csv. The common related attribute between the two files is "site".

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: Aug-2005 (process 1 of 6)
    The GPS location and various other information was recorded by the chief scientist in a log book for each drilling site. Person who carried out this activity:
    John F. Bratton
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2254 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    jbratton@usgs.gov
    Date: 2006 (process 2 of 6)
    This recorded information was reformatted and imported from a comma delimited text file and converted to a shapefile using ArcGIS 9.1. The original recorded positions were based on the NAD27 datum. Person who carried out this activity:
    VeeAnn A. Cross
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • piezometerlocations.txt
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • piezlocs_nad27.shp
    Date: 2007 (process 3 of 6)
    The shapefile was projected to the NAD83 datum using ArcGIS 9.1. Person who carried out this activity:
    VeeAnn A. Cross
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • piezlocs_nad27.shp
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • piezlocs_2005.shp
    Date: 2007 (process 4 of 6)
    The new latitude and longitude values, based on NAD83, were added to the shapefile using XTools Pro version 4.0 within ArcGIS 9.1 Person who carried out this activity:
    VeeAnn A. Cross
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • piezlocs_2005.shp
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • piezlocs_2005.shp
    Date: 10-Nov-2015 (process 5 of 6)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.30 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Needed to add link to data in the distribution section. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 6 of 6)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    No piezometer data were collected on 8/23/2005. All sites where piezometer groundwater data were collected are included. This shapefile essentially contains the sample locations. At each site, multiple groundwater samples were acquired and analyzed. This shapefile has a one-to-many relationship with the stand-alone comma delimited text file piez_gwdata.csv which contains the actual groundwater quality measurements.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    No additional checks for topological consistency other than visual inspection were performed on the data.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
The U.S. Geological Survey must be referenced as the originator of the dataset in any future products or research derived from these data.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    John F. Bratton
    U.S. Geological Survey
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2254 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    jbratton@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of importing the data. A free data viewer, ArcExplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20-Jul-2018
Metadata author:
VeeAnn A. Cross
U.S. Geological Survey
Marine Geologist
384 Woods Hole Rd.
Woods Hole, MA

(508) 548-8700 x2251 (voice)
(508) 457-2310 (FAX)
vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/eastcoast/gome/capecod/piezlocs_2005.shp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:45:05 2018