Enhanced 1-m Composite Grayscale GeoTIFF Image of the Sidescan-Sonar Data From NOAA Survey H11076 of the Sea Floor in Quicks Hole, MA (H11076_UTM19_1MRSSS.TIF, UTM Zone 19)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Enhanced 1-m Composite Grayscale GeoTIFF Image of the Sidescan-Sonar Data From NOAA Survey H11076 of the Sea Floor in Quicks Hole, MA (H11076_UTM19_1MRSSS.TIF, UTM Zone 19)
Abstract:
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (MA CZM), is producing detailed geologic maps of the coastal sea floor. Sidescan-sonar imagery, originally collected by NOAA for charting purposes, provide a fundamental framework for research and management activities along this part of the Massachusetts coastline, show the composition and terrain of the seabed, and provide information on sediment transport and benthic habitat. While acceptable for charting purposes, the original data contained numerous tonal artifacts due to environmental conditions (such as sea state), variable system settings (such as gain changes), attitude variations in the flight path of the towfish, or processing (such as lack of across-track normalization). Many of these artifacts have now been removed by enhancing the imagery to provide a more continuous grayscale GeoTIFF that enhances the true backscatter character and trends of the sea floor.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2008, Enhanced 1-m Composite Grayscale GeoTIFF Image of the Sidescan-Sonar Data From NOAA Survey H11076 of the Sea Floor in Quicks Hole, MA (H11076_UTM19_1MRSSS.TIF, UTM Zone 19): Open-File Report 2008-1196, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Poppe, L.J., McMullen, K.Y., Williams, S.J., Ackerman, S.D., Glomb, K.A., and Forfinski, N.A., 2008, Enhanced Sidescan-Sonar Imagery Offshore of Southeastern Massachusetts: Open-File Report 2008-1196, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details: 1 CD-ROM
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.883896
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.802207
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.490679
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.407885
  3. What does it look like?
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1196/data/sidescan/h11076/utm/h11076_utm19_1mrsss.gif (GIF)
    Thumbnail image showing the reprocessed sidescan-sonar imagery produced from data collected during NOAA survey H11076
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 10-Aug-2004
    Ending_Date: 01-Sep-2004
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:
      • Dimensions 9055 x 6634 x 1, type Pixel
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 19
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -69.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using row and column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    An enhanced continuous-coverage sidescan-sonar image of NOAA survey H11076.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
    • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Larry Poppe
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    lpoppe@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

To release an enhanced GeoTIFF of the 455-kHz sidescan-sonar data generated during NOAA survey H11076 in Quicks Hole, Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts, in UTM Zone 19, NAD83.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    Poppe and others, 2007 (source 1 of 1)
    Poppe, L.J., Ackerman, S.D., Foster, D.S., Blackwood, D.S., Butman, B., Moser, M.S., and Stewart, H.F., 2007, Sea-floor character and sedimentary processes of Quicks Hole, Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts: Open-File Report 2006-1357, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Type_of_Source_Media: DVD-ROM
    Source_Contribution:
    The sidescan-sonar data acquired with a Klein 5000 echosounder during NOAA survey H11076 aboard a launch deployed from the NOAA ship Thomas Jefferson and that were grayscale inverted.
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2008 (process 1 of 4)
    Adjacent lines that were of an unnatural and abruptly different tone were adjusted by tracing the perimeter of the line with the Polygon Lasso Tool and then matching tones to the adjacent lines with the shadow, mid-tone, and highlight input sliders in the Levels dialog box of Adobe Photoshop 7.0. Lines that were too light (based on comparisons with adjacent lines and with the verification data) were darkened; lines that were too dark were lightened. Person who carried out this activity:
    Larry Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    lpoppe@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • h11076_utm19_1msss.tif
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • h11076_utm19_1mrsss.tif
    Date: 2008 (process 2 of 4)
    The TIFF was converted into a GeoTIFF using GeoTIFFExamine. Person who carried out this activity:
    Kate McMullen
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Field and Laboratory Technician
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2277 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    kmcmullen@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • h11076_utm19_1mrsss.tif
    • h11076_utm19_1mrsss.tfw
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • h11076_utm19_1mrsss.tif
    Date: 30-Nov-2015 (process 3 of 4)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.30 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 4 of 4)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Poppe, L.J., Ackerman, S.D., Foster, D.S., Blackwood, D.S., Butman, B., Moser, M.S., and Stewart, H.F., 2007, Sea-Floor Character and Surface Processes in the Vicinity of Quicks Hole, Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts: Open-File Report 2006-1357, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Navigation was by differential GPS
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    The complete existing sidescan-sonar mosaic was evaluated and where necessary enhanced to produce this dataset.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    All image enhancements were performed in a logical and consistent manner.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as the originators of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Larry Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole Road, MA

    508-548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    This dataset has been approved for release and publication by the USGS. Although it has been subjected to rigorous review and is substantially complete, the USGS reserves the right to revise the data pursuant to further analysis and review. Furthermore, it is released on condition that neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    This image is available as a GeoTIFF image with an accompanying world file. To utilize this data, the user must have an image viewer, image processing or GIS software package capable of importing a GeoTIFF image.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20-Jul-2018
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey
Attn: Larry Poppe
Geologist
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, MA

508-548-8700 x2314 (voice)
508-457-2310 (FAX)
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/eastcoast/gome/quicks_hole/h11076_utm19_1mrsss.tif.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:45:08 2018