Shelf Sediments off Long Island (MCKINNEY70 shapefile)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title: Shelf Sediments off Long Island (MCKINNEY70 shapefile)
Abstract:
The detailed nature of relict sediments resulting from and related to the Holocene transgression is revealed through this sedimentological study of a densely sampled corridor across the southern New England continental shelf. These shelf sediments can be divided into an inner and middle clean sand facies and an outer shelf muddy sand facies. Sediment data supports the view that the outer muddy sediment is relict; the sharp "mud line" at about 35 fathoms results not from modern deposition, but from the winnowing more extensive muddy sediment.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Poppe, Lawrence J., and Hallett, Ben, 2003, Shelf Sediments off Long Island (MCKINNEY70 shapefile): Open-File Report `03-001, U. S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Poppe, L.J., Paskevich, V.F., Williams, S.J., Hastings, M.E., Kelley, J.T., Belknap, D.F., Ward, L.G., Fitzgerald, D.M., and Larsen, P.F., 2003, Surficial Sediment Data from the Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank, and vicinity: a GIS Compilation: Open-File Report 03-001, U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details: 1 CD-ROM
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.256667
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.800000
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.666667
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.686667
  3. What does it look like?
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-001/data/seddata/mckinney70/mckinney70-thumb.gif (GIF)
    Thumbnail image showing extent and distribution of data layer coverage.
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-001/data/seddata/mckinney70/mckinney70.gif (GIF)
    Image map showing extent and distribution of data layer coverage.
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Calendar_Date: 1970
    Currentness_Reference:
    publication date
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Entity point (184)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1927.
      The ellipsoid used is Clarke 1866.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378206.400000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.978698.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    mckinney70.dbf
    Shapefile Attribute Table (Source: ESRI)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    PROJECTID
    Name assigned for identification purposes (Source: Compiler)
    ValueDefinition
    MCKINNEY70Information unavailable from original metadata.
    SAMPLEID
    Number assigned to identify stations (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:51
    Maximum:6152
    Units:stations
    Resolution:1
    LATITUDE
    Latitude coordinate of sample location (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:39.686667
    Maximum:40.666667
    Units:Decimal Degrees
    Resolution:0.000001
    LONGITUDE
    Longitude coordinate of sample location (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-73.256667
    Maximum:-71.800000
    Units:Decimal Degrees
    Resolution:0.000001
    DEPTH_M
    Water depth in meters (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:10.1
    Maximum:171.0
    Units:meters
    Resolution:0.1
    MEAN_PHI
    Mean grain size (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:-0.36
    Maximum:4.31
    Units:phi
    Resolution:0.01
    STDDEV
    Standard deviation (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0.14
    Maximum:2.56
    Units:phi
    Resolution:0.01
    FINES
    Percent fines (silt plus clay) in sample (Source: Scientist)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0.06
    Maximum:45.44
    Units:percent
    Resolution:0.01
    LITHOLOGY
    Textural description of the sediment (Source: Compiler) Verbal description of the sediment

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Lawrence J. Poppe
    • Ben Hallett
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    Please review the cross reference information for the original data set credit to T.F. McKinney and G.M. Friedman. Larry Poppe for entering the data from the source report and creating the ArcView shapefile.
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Lawrence J. Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    lpoppe@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

The purpose of this dataset is to provide a digital version of the sediment data published in McKinney and Friedman (1970) in a form that can be used to interpret the surficial sediment distribution off southern New England.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    Information unavailable from original metadata. (source 1 of 1)
    McKinney, T.F., and Friedman, G.M., 1970, Continental Shelf Sediment of Long Island, New York: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology v. 40, no. 1, p. 213-248.

    Type_of_Source_Media: paper
    Source_Contribution: Information unavailable from original metadata.
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 18-Nov-2002 (process 1 of 3)
    The navigation and remaining source information were manually entered into digital form and together were imported from an ASCII text file into an ArcView table. The table was later converted to an event theme in ArcView and saved as the final shapefile. Person who carried out this activity:
    Lawrence J. Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    lpoppe@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • mckinney70.txt
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • mckinney70.shp
    • mckinney70.dbf
    • mckinney70.shx
    Date: 02-Dec-2015 (process 2 of 3)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.32 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 3 of 3)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    McKinney, T.F., and Friedman, G.M., 1970, Continental Shelf Sediments of Long Island, New York: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology v. 40, no. 1, p. 213-248.


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    All attributes were entered and checked in a consistent manner.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Navigation was by DECCA system (New York Chain). Comparisons of the DECCA readings with ESSA charts showed a slight systematic variation, but no evaluation was attempted. Precise navigational accuracy is unknown.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Navigation, textural statistics, percent fines, and identifiers are provided for sediments at 184 stations
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    No additional checks for topological consistency were performed on this data.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Lawrence J. Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    lpoppe@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey as to the accuracy of the data. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
    • Availability in digital form:
      Data format: Five files (mckinney70.shp, mckinney70.dbf, mckinney70.shx, mckinney70.sbx, mckinney70.sbn) comprising the ArcView point shapefile components, 'prj' and 'avl' files, metadata text file and browse graphic. in format SHP (version 3.2) ESRI point shapefile Size: 0.005
      Network links: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-001/data/seddata/mckinney70/mckinney70.zip
      Media you can order: CD-ROM (Density 650 Mbytes) (format ISO 9660)
      Note: The user must have a computer system with a CD-ROM available. To browse the information contained on this CD-ROM, the user must have a current WWW browser available. The user must also have software installed on their computer to unzip the archived file.
    • Cost to order the data: None

  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of importing the data. A free data viewer, ArcExplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20-Jul-2018
Metadata author:
Lawrence J. Poppe
U.S. Geological Survey
Geologist
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, MA
USA

(508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
(508) 457-2310 (FAX)
lpoppe@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/eastcoast/gome/samples/mckinney70.shp.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.49 on Mon Sep 10 17:45:09 2018