Navigation data collected on Stellwagen Bank during U.S. Geological Survey field activity 2014-015-FA, aboard the R/V Auk, May 22-23 and 29-30, 2014

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Page C. Valentine
Publication_Date: 2020
Title:
Navigation data collected on Stellwagen Bank during U.S. Geological Survey field activity 2014-015-FA, aboard the R/V Auk, May 22-23 and 29-30, 2014
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/P93OZR8C
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/P93OZR8C
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Page C. Valentine
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Publication_Date: 2020
Title:
Sea-Floor Sediment Samples, Seabed Imagery, and CTD Instrument Data Collected on Stellwagen Bank in May, 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-015-FA
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/P93OZR8C
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Suggested citation: Valentine, P.C., and Cross, V.A., 2020, Sea-floor sediment samples, seabed imagery, and CTD instrument data collected on Stellwagen Bank in May, 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-015-FA: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P93OZR8C.
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/P93OZR8C
Online_Linkage:
Description:
Abstract:
This field activity is part of the effort to map geologic substrates of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region off Boston, Massachusetts. The overall goal is to develop high-resolution (1:25,000) interpretive maps, based on multibeam sonar data and seabed sampling, showing surficial geology and seabed sediment dynamics. This cruise was conducted in collaboration with the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, and the data collected will aid research on the ecology of fish and invertebrate species that inhabit the region. The Sanctuary's research vessel, R/V Auk, visited 48 locations on Stellwagen Bank at which a customized Van Veen grab sampler (SEABOSS) equipped with a video camera and a CTD was deployed in drift mode to collect sediment for grain-size analysis, video imagery of the seabed, and measurements of water column properties.
Purpose:
These navigation data are provided in three different formats: *.raw as an archive of the navigation data files acquired during the survey in the original collected format as well as in reformatted CSV and XLSX formats. The reformatted files add additional information, and most significantly provide that navigation in decimal degrees.
Supplemental_Information:
Additional information regarding the field activity can be obtained from https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2014-015-FA.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20140522
Ending_Date: 20140530
Currentness_Reference:
ground condition when data were collected. The days of data collection were May 22-23 and 29-30, 2014.
Status:
Progress: complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.449980
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.136030
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.421390
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.170676
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:a9dcead9-0c40-47c2-b844-c178139b8dc5
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program
Theme_Keyword: CMHRP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: navigation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: location
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: navigational data
Theme_Keyword: marine geology
Theme_Keyword: GPS measurement
Theme_Keyword: geolocation measurement
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) keywords
Theme_Keyword: marine geology
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Stellwagen Bank
Place_Keyword: Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Place_Keyword: SBNMS
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts Bay
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints: None.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Page C. Valentine
Contact_Position: Research Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2239
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pvalentine@usgs.gov
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Page C. Valentine
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Publication_Date: 2019
Title:
Location and analyses of sediment samples collected on Stellwagen Bank off Boston, Massachusetts from November 5, 2013 to April 30, 2019 on U.S. Geological Survey field activities
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/P9FWFLPD
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
This publication includes the sediment sample analyses information associated with this field activity (2014-015-FA).
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/P9FWFLPD
Online_Linkage:
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The navigation was downloaded at the end of the cruise and is available in the original $GPGGA format as well as reformatted files for easier use. GPGGA is a NMEA (National Marine Electronics Association) sentence for Global Positioning System Fix Data. This includes time, position and fix related data for a GPS receiver. The reformatted version of the navigation excludes the transit navigation between the port and the study area. The original GPGGA navigation filenames are in the format AUK2014015_XXXX_UTC_nav_raw.csv where XXXX is the day of navigation (for example 22-23may2014). The filenames of the reformatted navigation are in the format AUK2014015_station_nav_log_XXXX_UTC where AUK2014015 is the cruise ID, and XXXX is the day of navigation (for example 22-23MAY2014); the filename suffix is either XLSX or CSV.
Completeness_Report:
The raw navigation files (with the $GPGGA string) represent all the navigation acquired on the cruise. These files are the original files handed over to the scientist. The reformatted navigation files have removed the transit navigation to and from port to the study area. No other navigation fixes were removed, which could include bad navigation fixes and duplicates.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The location information for stations was acquired from a satellite navigation receiver (Furuno satellite compass SC-30 GPS receiver) at one-second intervals with a horizontal accuracy of 10 m. The navigation antenna is located 5.3 m forward of the SEABOSS deployment location. This offset was not accounted for in the navigation acquisition (navigation fixes represent antenna location).
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Raw CSV files: AUK2014015_XXXX_UTC_nav_raw.csv
The files *_raw.csv are the $GPGGA strings of the raw navigation recorded on the ship each day. The first row in each file describes the file.

For the remaining rows, the format of the columns of information is as follows:

$GPGGA, UTC time, latitude (DDMM.MMMM), latitude hemisphere, longitude (DDMM.MMMM), longitude hemisphere.
Process_Date: 2014
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Page C. Valentine
Contact_Position: Research Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2239
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pvalentine@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Reformatted XLSX files: AUK2014015_station_nav_log_XXXX_UTC.xlsx
The $GPGGA strings have the latitude and longitude in the degrees decimal minutes format DDMM.MMMMM with the hemisphere indicated (N for North and W for West). These data were brought into a Microsoft Excel (version 2016) spreadsheet and converted to decimal degrees using the following formula examples:

latitude: (4211.9672-4200)/60+(42) to give 42.19945 decimal degrees

longitude: ((7043.2105-7000)/60 + 70‚Äč) * -1 to give -70.72018 decimal degrees with negative for western hemisphere

Additional fields of information were added to the spreadsheet and are defined in the entity and attribute section, as well as within the header information in each spreadsheet. The first row is an explanation header, the second row contains descriptive column headers, and the third row contains brief column headers that are compatible with importing the data into a GIS.
The reformatted version of the navigation excludes the transit navigation between the port and the study area.
Process_Date: 2014
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Page C. Valentine
Contact_Position: Research Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2239
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pvalentine@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The XLSX spreadsheet was opened in Microsfot Excel (2016). The first row (the explanation header) and the second row (descriptive column headers) were deleted and the third row (brief column headers that are compatible with importing the data into a GIS) was retained. Then the spreadsheet was exported as an MS-DOS CSV file with the same prefix filename as the Excel file.
Process_Date: 2014
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.00001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.00001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: navigation log in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and CSV format
Entity_Type_Definition:
The Excel spreadsheet has a header (in row 1) explaining the columns of information, row 2 has the header names, row 3 has header names that are appropriate for incorporation into a GIS (shorter names, no punctuation, and the header row of the CSV file) and the remaining rows contain the data in 11 columns. The labels below are the CSV row headers with the first part of the attribute definition the longer Excel header on row 2 of the Excel spreadsheet.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VESSEL
Attribute_Definition:
Vessel name: The name of the ship that the field activity used for the cruise. The R/V Auk is the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary research vessel - a 50-foot catamaran.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CRUISE_ID
Attribute_Definition:
WHCMSC field activity number: The field activity number assigned to the cruise by the Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center. The number is in the format YYYY-XXX where YYYY is the year and XXX is the number activity in that year.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTC_DATE
Attribute_Definition:
Date, UTC: The date of data collection for the given row based on UTC (coordinated universal time) time. In the Excel spreadsheet, the date has the format of D-M-YYYY where D is the numeric day of the month, M is the month, and YYYY is the year.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTC_JD
Attribute_Definition:
Julian Day, UTC: Julian day of data collection based on UTC time. Julian day is the integer number representing the interval of time in days since January 1 of the year of collection.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field presented as a number.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: TIMEZONE
Attribute_Definition:
Study area time zone: The time zone in which the study area is located. The time zone of the survey is dependent on the survey date.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EDT
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Eastern Daylight Time. To derive EDT, subtract 4 hours from the UTC time.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTC_TIME
Attribute_Definition:
Time, UTC, HHMMSS: The time of the navigation fix in the format HHMMSS where HH is hour, MM is minutes, and SS is seconds. The times are UTC (coordinated universal time).
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field presented as a number.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DDMM_LAT
Attribute_Definition:
Lat N, DDMM.MMMM: The latitude coordinate in the format DDMM.MMMM where DD is degrees and MM.MMMM is decimal minutes. The "N" refers to northern latitude.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field presented as a number.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DDMM_LON
Attribute_Definition:
Lon W, DDMM.MMMM: The longitude coordinate in the format DDMM.MMMM where DD is degrees and MM.MMMM is decimal minutes. The "W" refers to western longitude and serves the place of having a negative value.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Text field presented as a number.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LATITUDE
Attribute_Definition:
Lat N, decimal degrees: The latitude coordinate in decimal degrees, positive values indicate northern hemisphere.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 42.170676
Range_Domain_Maximum: 42.42139
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LONGITUDE
Attribute_Definition:
Lon W, decimal degrees: The longitude coordinate in decimal degrees, negative values indicate the western hemisphere.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -70.44998
Range_Domain_Maximum: -70.13603
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AREA
Attribute_Definition: Region: The area of the survey.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBNMS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Region: Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The attribute label is the abbreviated label in row 3 of the Excel file that is more compatible with importing the dataset into a GIS. The first part of the attribute definition is the longer label of the column that is in the second row of the Excel spreadsheet.
The Excel spreadsheet has the following information in the first row describing the spreadsheet:

GPS navigation log: Column A, vessel name, AUK, SBNMS research vessel; column B, field activity number; column C, date, UTC; column D, Julian Day, UTC; column E, study area time zone; column F, time, UTC (for Eastern Daylight Time subtract 4 hours); column G, latitude north, degrees and decimal minutes; column H longitude west, degrees and decimal minutes; column I, latitude north, decimal degrees; column J, longitude west, decimal degrees; column K, geographic region [abbreviations: D, degrees; H, hour; M, minute; S, second; EDT, Eastern Daylight Time; lat, latitude; lon, longitude; WHCMSC, USGS Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center; SBNMS, Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary; UTC, coordinated universal (Greenwich Mean Time, ZULU time); GPS, satellite-based Global Positioning System receiver]

The 11 columns of data are the same as represented in the entity and attribute detailed description.

The files with the same prefix name, but the CSV extension are exported from the Excel spreadsheet, minus the first two rows of information.

The *_raw.csv files are the original $GPGGA strings off the ship. The first row in the *raw.csv file describes the file. For the remaining rows, the format of the columns of information is as follows:

$GPGGA, UTC time, latitude (DDMM.MMMM), latitude hemisphere, longitude (DDMM.MMMM), longitude hemisphere.

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Page C. Valentine
Contact_Position: Research Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2239
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pvalentine@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
2014-015-FA_nav.zip contains the navigation acquired on the cruise. The following files are the original $GPGGA navigation: AUK2014015_22-23may2014_UTC_nav_raw.csv and AUK2014015_29-30may2014_UTC_nav_raw.csv. The reformatted navigation are available in XLSX format and CSV. The files are as follows: AUK2014015_station_nav_log_22-23MAY2014_UTC.xlsx and AUK2014015_station_nav_log_22-23MAY2014_UTC.csv; and AUK2014015_station_nav_log_29-30MAY2014_UTC.xlsx and AUK2014015_station_nav_log_29-30MAY2014_UTC.csv. In addition to the navigation files, the ZIP file contains the FGDC CSDGM metadata in TXT, XML, and HTML formats.
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: XLSX
Format_Version_Number: Microsoft Excel 2016
Format_Information_Content:
The ZIP file contains the navigation in XLSX and CSV formats, along with the FGDC CSDGM metadata.
Transfer_Size: 14
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions:
The first link is to download the data in a ZIP file. The second and third links are to the landing page of the data. The last two links go to the same place; one is the DOI designation of the publication.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: CSV
Format_Information_Content:
The ZIP file contains the navigation in XLSX and CSV formats, along with the FGDC CSDGM metadata.
Transfer_Size: 14
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions:
The first link is to download the data in a ZIP file. The second and third links are to the landing page of the data. The last two links go to the same place; one is the DOI designation of the publication.
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
The ZIP file contains data in XLSX and CSV formats. The user must have software capable of uncompressing the ZIP file and reading the data formats.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

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