Video transects of the sea floor on Stellwagen Bank during U.S. Geological Survey field activity 2017-043-FA, aboard the R/V Auk, Aug. 22 and 23, 2017 (geographic, WGS84, 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp polyline)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Video transects of the sea floor on Stellwagen Bank during U.S. Geological Survey field activity 2017-043-FA, aboard the R/V Auk, Aug. 22 and 23, 2017 (geographic, WGS84, 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp polyline)
Abstract:
This field activity is part of an effort to map geologic substrates of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region off Boston, Massachusetts. The overall goal is to develop high-resolution (1:25,000-scale) interpretive maps, based on multibeam sonar data and seabed sampling, showing surficial geology and seabed sediment dynamics. The data collected in this study will aid research on the ecology of fish and invertebrate species that inhabit the region. On August 22 and 23, 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey, in collaboration with the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, conducted a research cruise aboard the Sanctuary’s Research Vessel Auk, visiting 39 locations within the sanctuary. A customized Van Veen grab sampler (SEABOSS) equipped with a video camera and a conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) instrument was deployed in drift mode to collect sediment for grain-size analysis, video imagery of the seabed, and measurements of water column properties.
Supplemental_Information:
Additional information regarding this field activity is available from https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2017-043-FA.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Valentine, Page C., 2018, Video transects of the sea floor on Stellwagen Bank during U.S. Geological Survey field activity 2017-043-FA, aboard the R/V Auk, Aug. 22 and 23, 2017 (geographic, WGS84, 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp polyline): data release DOI:10.5066/P9A57QWI, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Valentine, Page C., and Cross, VeeAnn A., 2018, Sea-Floor Sediment Samples, Seabed Imagery, and CTD Instrument Data Collected on Stellwagen Bank in August 2017, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2017-043-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/P9A57QWI, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Suggested citation: Valentine, P.C., and Cross, V.A., 2018, Sea-floor sediment samples, seabed imagery, and CTD instrument data collected on Stellwagen Bank in August 2017, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2017-043-FA: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9A57QWI.
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.408960
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.226370
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.194880
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.084520
  3. What does it look like?
    https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/data/field-activity-data/2017-043-FA/data/imagery/2017-043-FA_video_driftlines_browse.jpg (JPEG)
    Browse graphic showing the video drift lines.
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 22-Aug-2017
    Ending_Date: 23-Aug-2017
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition of when data were collected.
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data Set (Polyline)
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • String (39)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp
    polyline shapefile of video drift transects (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: Esri) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: Esri) Coordinates defining the features.
    ID
    Unique identifier for each record in the polyline shapefile. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:0
    Maximum:38
    Survey
    Name or number of cruise on which sample collected. The cruise identifier is in the format YYYY-XXX-FA where YYYY is the survey year, and XXX is the survey number of that year and FA stands for field activity. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Character string.
    Station
    Sample or station name or number as assigned in the field by the Chief Scientist. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Character set. Although numeric, stations could have a decimal number indicating a reoccupation of a station.
    Year
    Year the station was occupied. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:2017
    Maximum:2017
    JD
    Julian day is the integer number representing the interval of time in days since January 1 of the year of collection. Based on the date in UTC time at the time of deployment of the SEABOSS. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey)
    Range of values
    Minimum:234
    Maximum:235
    LineStart
    Start time of the video drift as recorded in the log book, in UTC time in HH:MM:SS. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Number represented as a text field.
    LineEnd
    End time of the video drift as recorded in the log book, in UTC time in HH:MM:SS. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Number represented as a text field.
    GPSStart
    Time in the GPS navigation file that is closest to the start time of the video drift as recorded in the log book. UTC time in HH:MM:SS. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Number represented as a text field.
    GPSEnd
    Time in the GPS navigation file that is closest to the end time of the video drift as recorded in the log book. UTC time in HH:MM:SS. (Source: U.S. Geological Survey) Number represented as a text field.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Page C. Valentine
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Page C. Valentine
    Research Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2239 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    pvalentine@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

These tracklines record the location of the R/V Auk while collecting continuous video of the sea floor. These tracklines will help geolocate the information displayed in the video to the sea floor. This information will be used in making the seabed geologic map.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2017 (process 1 of 5)
    Video methods and data availability:
    Seabed video images were collected using a battery-operated, high-definition (1920 x 1080 pixels) GoPro digital video camera mounted on the USGS SEABed Observation and Sampling System (SEABOSS). The SEABOSS system had two GoPro cameras and a Seaviewer camera attached to it. The Seaviewer camera had a live feed to the surface and was used only to observe obstacles, like gill nets and lobster gear, in order to avoid entanglement. In the case of camera failure, the additional cameras provided backup video, which was needed for stations 4656 and 4662.
    As the SEABOSS drifted over the seabed, the cameras imaged the seabed at a rate of 60 frames per second from an altitude of ~1 meter. Lighting was provided by two, battery-operated Keldan LED video lights. Each light provided a light flux of up to 9000 lumens at a correlated color temperature of 5000 kelvins. Two parallel red lasers mounted 20 centimeters apart provided a scale in the video images.
    Video imagery includes the launch and recovery of the SEABOSS, transit through the water column, and the drift over the seabed. The duration of individual video files ranges from 4 to 10 minutes. Video files are archived in .MP4 format (except for station 4656 in .mov format) format and range in size from 0.9 to 5 gigabytes. These video files are not available as part of this data release.
    Video files are archived at the USGS Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, 384 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543.
    The position (lat/lon) of the start of the video drift was recorded (from the navigation receiver) in the log book at the time of the deployment of the SEABOSS. Video was recorded during the descent through the water column (1-2 minutes), during the drift over the seabed, and during the ascent to the surface. The position (lat/lon) of the end of the video drift was recorded at the beginning of the ascent through the water column. The corresponding times are also recorded. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Page C. Valentine
    Research Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2239 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    pvalentine@usgs.gov
    Date: 09-Jan-2018 (process 2 of 5)
    The original raw $GPGGA navigation (available from the Larger Work citation) was run through an awk script (on a machine running CYGWIN) in order to reformat the latitudes and longitudes into decimal degrees and output the data into a comma-delimited text file with the following columns of information: latitude (decimal degrees), longitude (decimal degrees), hour, minute, second, julian day, year. The julian day was determined by the original start date in the filename of the navigation file as the GPGGA string does not contain any date information. The awk script also made sure that there were not duplicate records in terms of time - such as two navigation points recorded at 16:38:23. However, the script does not check for duplicate coordinate fixes. The individual navigation files were concatenated into a single file - in order of acquisition. This process step and the remaining process steps were performed by the same person - VeeAnn A. Cross. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Data sources used in this process:
    • AUK2017043_22aug2017_UTC_nav_raw.csv
    • AUK2017043_23aug2017_UTC_nav_raw.csv
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • jd234nav.csv
    • jd235nav.csv
    • allnav_noheader.csv
    Date: 09-Jan-2018 (process 3 of 5)
    Another awk script was run on the stations summary csv file to extract the following columns of information: station, julian day of video start, UTC time of video start, julian day of video end, UTC time of video end, year Data sources used in this process:
    • 2017-043-FA_station_data_summary_noheader.csv
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • drift_startend.csv
    Date: 09-Jan-2018 (process 4 of 5)
    A python script (driftlog_gui_v5.py) run from python IDLE version 2.7.8 was used to extract all the navigation points from the navigation file based on the start and end time recorded in the log book of the video drift. This was necessary because no time was recorded on the GoPro video, just the time the video file was created. Ideally, there is a match of the same time (with a corresponding navigation fix) in the GPS file to the start video time recorded in the log book. Same thing with the ending time. However, if this situation does not exist, then the closest (in time) navigation record to the start and end time of the video transect is used - along with all the navigation points in between those two times.
    The python script also combines the extracted points for each video drift line and combines these points into a polyline within a shapefile. The resulting shapefile has a polyline for every video drift comprised of all the navigation points available corresponding to the start and end time of each drift line. Based on the navigation system, the projection of the dataset was set to geographic, WGS 84. Data sources used in this process:
    • allnav_noheader.csv
    • drift_startend.csv
    Data sources produced in this process:
    • 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 5 of 5)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Blackwood, D.S., and Parolski, K.F., 2001, Seabed observation and sampling system: Sea Technology v. 42, no. 2, p.39-43.

    Valentine, P., Blackwood, D., and Parolski, K., 2000, Seabed observation and sampling system: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-142-00, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    The location information for stations was acquired from a satellite navigation receiver (Furuno satellite compass SC-30, GPS receiver) at one second intervals with a horizontal accuracy of 10 m. The navigation antenna is located 5.3 m forward of the SEABOSS deployment location. This offset was not accounted for in the navigation acquisition (navigation fixes represent antenna location).
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This represents the video trackline information for every video drift line obtained during this cruise.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    Each record within the shapefile has the same information and was derived in the same manner.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints: Not to be used for navigation.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Page C. Valentine
    Research Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 x2239 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    pvalentine@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.zip contains the shapefile 2017-043-FA_video_driftlines.shp and the other shapefile components as well as the browse graphic (2017-043-FA_driftlines_browse.jpg). The zip file also contains the FGDC CSDGM metadata in TXT, XML, and HTML formats.
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Esri shapefile format. The user must have software capable of reading this format. The data are available for download in zip format.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Sep-2020
Metadata author:
U.S. Geological Survey
Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
Marine Geologist
384 Woods Hole Rd.
Woods Hole, MA

508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
508-457-2310 (FAX)
vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

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