Archive of Datasonics SIS-1000 Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise SEAX 96004 New York Bight, 1 May - 9 June, 1996

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Archive of Datasonics SIS-1000 Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise SEAX 96004 New York Bight, 1 May - 9 June, 1996
Abstract:
This DVD-ROM contains copies of the navigation and field chirp subbottom data collected aboard the R/V Seaward Explorer, from 1 May - 9 June, 1996. The coverage is in the New York Bight area. This DVD-ROM (Digital Versatile Disc-Read Only Memory) has been produced in accordance with the UDF (Universal Disc Format) DVD-ROM Standard (ISO 9660 equivalent) and is therefore capable of being read on any computing platform that has appropriate DVD-ROM driver software installed. Access to the data and information contained on this DVD-ROM was developed using the HyperText Markup Language (HTML) utilized by the World Wide Web (WWW) project. Development of the DVD-ROM documentation and user interface in HTML allows a user to access the information by using a variety of WWW information browsers (i.e. NCSA Mosaic, Netscape) to facilitate browsing and locating information and data. To access the information contained on this disk with a WWW client browser, open the file 'index.htm' at the top level directory of this DVD-ROM with your selected browser. The HTML documentation is written utilizing some HTML 4.0 enhancements. The disk should be viewable by all WWW browsers but may not properly format on some older WWW browsers. Also, some links to USGS collaborators and other agencies are available on this DVD-ROM. These links are only accessible if access to the Internet is available during browsing of the DVD-ROM. The archived Chirp subbottom data are in standard Society of Exploration Geologists (SEG) SEG-Y format (Barry and others, 1975) and may be downloaded for processing with software such as Seismic Unix or SIOSEIS. The subbottom data were recorded on the ISIS data acquisition system in QMIPS format. Chirp subbottom channel extracted from raw QMIPS format sonar files and converted to 16-bit Int. SEG-Y format using the program QMIPSTOSEGY. Even though the data are in SEG-Y format, it is not the conventional time series data (e.g. voltages or pressures), but rather instantaneous amplitude or envelope detected and therefore all of the amplitudes are positive (though not simply rectified). DOS and Microsoft Windows compatible software for plotting SEG-Y files (PLOTSEIS) and viewing SEG-Y headers (DUMPSEGY) is located in the PLOTSEIS directory. Processed chirp profiles (GIF images) may be viewed on this DVD-ROM with your WWW browser.
For more information on the seismic surveys see https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=1996-004-FA
These data are also available via GeoMapApp (http://www.geomapapp.org/) and Virtual Ocean ( http://www.virtualocean.org/) earth science exploration and visualization applications.
Supplemental_Information:
Seismic reflection profiles are acquired by means of an acoustic source (usually generated electromagnetically or with compressed air), and a hydrophone or hydrophone array. Both elements are typically towed in the water behind a survey vessel, or some cases, mounted on side of the hull. The sound source emits a short acoustic pulse, which propagates through the water and sediment columns. The acoustic energy is reflected at density boundaries (such as the seafloor or sediment layers beneath the seafloor), and detected at the hydrophone. As the vessel moves, this process is repeated at intervals ranging between 0.5 and 20 meters depending on the source type. In this way, a two-dimensional image of the geologic structure beneath the ship track is constructed. For more information concerning seismic reflection profiling at the USGS Woods Hole Field Center, see https://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/operations/sfmapping/.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Hill, Jenna C., Schwab, William C., and Foster, David S., 2001, Archive of Datasonics SIS-1000 Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise SEAX 96004 New York Bight, 1 May - 9 June, 1996: Open-File Report 2001-096, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Hill, Jenna C., Schwab, William C., and Foster, David S., 2001, Archive of Datasonics SIS-1000 Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise SEAX 96004 New York Bight, 1 May - 9 June, 1996: Open-File Report 2001-096, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details: This is a 3 DVD set.
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.84
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.03
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.67
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.35
  3. What does it look like?
    images/fullext.jpg (JPEG)
    Map of SEAX 96004 Chirp Survey Area
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 01-May-1996
    Ending_Date: 09-Jun-1996
    Currentness_Reference:
    Publication date
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
      Horizontal X and Y UTM coordinates for each shot location are located in the SEG-Y trace headers, and are also provided in ASCII files extracted from the trace headers.
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 18
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: .9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -75
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
      False_Easting: 500000
      False_Northing: 0
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257.
      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Altitude_System_Definition:
      Altitude_Datum_Name: assumed sea level
      Altitude_Resolution: 1
      Altitude_Distance_Units: two-way travel time
      Altitude_Encoding_Method: Attribute values
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: local surface (sea level)
      Depth_Resolution: 1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    The data were acquired using a Datasonics SIS-1000 chirp subbottom and sidescan-sonar system. Subbottom data were logged digitally with the ISIS acquisition system in QMIPS format. SEG-Y data were checked for quality with SeismicUnix seismic processing software and are archived on this DVD- ROM. The SEG-Y format is described in detail by Barry and others (1975). The files are in standard 16-bit integer SEG-Y format.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
    Barry, K.M., Cavers, D.A., and Kneale, C.W., 1975, Recommended standards for digital tape formats, in Digital Tape Standards; Society of Exploration Geophysicists ["Recommended standards for digital tape formats" reprinted from Geophysics, v. 32, p. 1073 - 1084; v. 37, p. 36- 44; v. 40, p. 344 - 352.] p. 22 - 30.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Jenna C. Hill
    • William C. Schwab
    • David S. Foster
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
    Hill, Jenna C., Schwab, William C., Foster, David S.
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Schwab, Bill
    US Geological Survey
    Seafloor Mapping Project
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    bschwab@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

Beginning in 1995, the USGS, in cooperation with the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), New York District, began a program to generate reconnaissance maps of the sea floor offshore of the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area, one of the most populated coastal regions of the United States. The goal of this mapping program is to provide a regional synthesis of the sea-floor environment, including a description of sedimentary environments, sediment texture, seafloor morphology, and geologic history to aid in understanding the impacts of anthropogenic activities, such as ocean dumping. This mapping effort differs from previous studies of this area by obtaining digital, sidescan sonar images that cover 100 percent of the sea floor. This investigation was motivated by the need to develop an environmentally acceptable solution for the disposal of dredged material from the New York - New Jersey Port, by the need to identify potential sources of sand for renourishment of the southern shore of Long island, and by the opportunity to develop a better understanding of the transport and long-term fate of contaminants by investigations of the present distribution of materials discharged into the New York Bight over the last 100+ years (Schwab and others, 1997).

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 1996 (process 1 of 6)
    The subbottom data were recorded on the ISIS data acquisition system in QMIPS format. Chirp subbottom channel extracted from raw QMIPS format sonar files and converted to 16-bit Int. SEG-Y format using the program QMIPSTOSEGY. The fish depth was recorded in two-way time (ms) in the delay field (byte 109) of the SEG-Y trace header. Person who carried out this activity:
    Foster, David S.
    US Geological Survey
    Seafloor Mapping Project
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    dfoster@usgs.gov
    Date: 24-Oct-2011 (process 2 of 6)
    Converted the metadata from HTML to a TEXT version using CNS v. 2.8.4 (chew and spit) metadata pre-parser. Once converted used TKME (v 2.8.4) to fix some problems with the metadata. The fixes included: adding ISO keywords, adding a link to the online publication, adding the decimal to the denominator of flattening ratio in the geodetic model. Person who carried out this activity:
    VeeAnn A. Cross
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 24-Jan-2017 (process 3 of 6)
    Keywords section of metadata optimized for discovery in USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Data Catalog. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Alan O. Allwardt
    Contractor -- Information Specialist
    2885 Mission Street
    Santa Cruz, CA

    831-460-7551 (voice)
    831-427-4748 (FAX)
    aallwardt@usgs.gov
    Date: 07-Dec-2017 (process 4 of 6)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). Attempted to modify http to https where appropriate. Added the Larger Work Citation. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Additional edits were probably made to the original metadata by someone else who did not document what they changed. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 18-Nov-2019 (process 5 of 6)
    Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 6 of 6)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    The ship was navigated with differential GPS
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
    The vertical position was local sea level and there was no correction to a datum or tides.
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    The following files do not exist: l2f1, l3f1, l4f1, l5f1, l6f1, l10f1, l11f1, l12f3, l94f1, l183f1
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    This data set is from a single cruise and collection platform, therefore internally consistent.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
The US Geological Survey must be referenced as the originator of the dataset in any future products or research derived from these data.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Soderberg, Nancy
    US Geological Survey
    Data Librarian
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    (508) 548-8700 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    nsoderberg@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? US Geological Survey Open-file Report 01-96 DVD-ROM
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    This Digital Versatile Disc-Read Only Memory (DVD-ROM) publication was prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data published on this DVD-ROM have been used by the USGS, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS as to the accuracy of the data and related materials and/or the functioning of the software. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of this data, software, or related materials.
  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Sep-2020
Metadata author:
Foster, David S.
US Geological Survey
Seafloor Mapping Group
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, MA
USA

(508) 548-8700 (voice)
(508) 457-2310 (FAX)
dfoster@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/open_file_report/ofr2001-096/of01-096_segy.faq.html>
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