Survey lines of the sidescan sonar system of data collected in Boston Harbor and Approaches (surveylines_sss)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Survey lines of the sidescan sonar system of data collected in Boston Harbor and Approaches (surveylines_sss)
Abstract:
These data are the trackline from the high-resolution acoustic backscatter measurements of the seafloor from Boston Harbor and the harbor approaches, Massachusetts. Approximately 170 km² of sidescan sonar data were collected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Ship Whiting in 2000 and 2001 and reprocessed by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Ackerman, Seth, 2006, Survey lines of the sidescan sonar system of data collected in Boston Harbor and Approaches (surveylines_sss): Open-File Report 2006-1008, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Ackerman, S.D., Butman, B., Barnhardt, W.A., Danforth, W.W., and Crocker, J.M., 2006, High-Resolution Geologic Mapping of the Inner Continental Shelf: Boston Harbor and Approaches, Massachusetts: Open-File Report 2006-1008, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details: 1 DVD-ROM
  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.055531
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.817827
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.437088
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.253291
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 19-Sep-2000
    Ending_Date: 30-Oct-2001
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • String (1678)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 19
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -69.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using coordinate pair
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.000032
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 0.000032
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    surveylines_sss
    Information unavailable from original metadata. (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.)
    FID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI) Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
    Shape
    Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI) Coordinates defining the features.
    ID
    sequential id number within each survey (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.) Information unavailable from original metadata.
    LINENAME
    Line name (julian date_NOAA line name.nav) (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.) Information unavailable from original metadata.
    JD
    Julian date of line acquisition (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.) Information unavailable from original metadata.
    SURVEYID
    survey id (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.)
    ValueDefinition
    H90_100_1014Survey H10990 - Klein 5500 hull mounted sidescan sonar
    H90_200Survey H10990 - Klein 5500 hull mounted sidescan sonar
    H91_allSurvey H10991 - Edgetech 272-T towed sidescan sonar
    H92_100_1014Survey H10992 - Edgetech 272-T towed sidescan sonar
    H92_100_s329Survey H10992 - Klein 5500 towed sidescan sonar
    H92_200_1014_edgetechSurvey H10992 - Edgetech 272-T towed sidescan sonar
    H92_200_1014_kleinSurvey H10992 - Klein 5500 towed sidescan sonar
    H94_200_s329Survey H10994 - Klein 5500 hull mounted sidescan sonar
    H94_2930Survey H10994 - Klein 5500 towed sidescan sonar
    H94_2931Survey H10994 - Edgetech 272-T towed sidescan sonar
    H94_2392Survey H10994 - Klein 5500 hull mounted sidescan sonar
    Shape_Leng
    survey line length in meters (Source: Information unavailable from original metadata.) Information unavailable from original metadata.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • Seth Ackerman
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Seth Ackerman
    Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    seth.ackerman@state.ma.us

Why was the data set created?

These data were collected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS) branch as part of their periodic hydrographic mapping for nautical charting. The raw datasets were provided by NOAA to the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Woods Hole, MA as part of a cooperative agreement to provide high resolution bathymetry and backscatter intensity maps and digital GIS information for resource management, scientific research, industry and the public.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    Information unavailable from original metadata. (source 1 of 1)
    (assumed), NOAA, unknown, Information unavailable from original metadata..

    Type_of_Source_Media: Information unavailable from original metadata.
    Source_Contribution:
    The original geophysical data for this project were collected during four hydrographic surveys conducted by NOAA NOS in 2000 and 2001 on the NOAA Ship Whiting and its launches 1005/1014. Multibeam bathymetric data were acquired with a Reson SeaBat 8101 and sidescan sonar backscatter data were acquired with Edgetech model 272-T (100 kHz) or the Klein T-5500 (455 kHz) sonar systems.
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: unknown (process 1 of 9)
    Sidescan data were acquired by NOAA NOS with the Edgetech model 272-T (100 kHz) or the Klein T-5500 (455 kHz) sidescan sonar systems. Equipment was either hull mounted or towed. Range, layback, gain and other acquisition parameters varied and were adjusted accordingly in the acquisition software. Raw .xtf sonar files were transfered from NOAA NOS to the USGS/CZM.
    Date: unknown (process 2 of 9)
    The raw sidescan-sonar data were processed using XSonar/ShowImage software. The processing steps included demultiplexing the raw sidescan data using a median filtering routine to suppress speckle noise, a file check of navigation points to delete repeated fixes or other logging errors, correct for slant-range distortion, signal attenuation, and dropped sonar lines (Danforth, W.W., 1997, Xsonar/ShowImage: A complete system for rapid sidescan-sonar processing and display: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-686, 77 p.). Person who carried out this activity:
    Seth Ackerman
    Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
    Geologist
    c/o U.S. Geological Survey
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
    Date: unknown (process 3 of 9)
    The navigation fixes were batch converted to a single text file of equal interval points along each survey line using the Linux shell script "convertXsonarNav" (which parses all of the .nav files created during Xsonar processing, reporjects the data to UTM zone 19 outputs easting, northing, julian date, linename to a new file. Person who carried out this activity:
    Seth Ackerman
    Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
    Geologist
    c/o U.S. Geological Survey
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
    Date: unknown (process 4 of 9)
    The ESRI shapefile is created using the avenue script "navpts2lines" which creates multiple lines from a single point shapefile (the file created in the previous process step) where an attribute field in the point shapefile delineates the line name. Person who carried out this activity:
    Seth Ackerman
    Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
    Geologist
    c/o U.S. Geological Survey
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
    Date: 01-Feb-2017 (process 5 of 9)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The source information was incomplete and had to be modified to meet the standard. Removed the raster object information. Minor fixes to the attribute format for some attributes were needed. Removed an invalid link from the distribution section. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 29-Jan-2018 (process 6 of 9)
    An error was fixed in one of the originator names. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 7 of 9)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 18-Nov-2019 (process 8 of 9)
    Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 9 of 9)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    All of the NOAA survey vessels were equipped with Trimble DSM212L Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) receivers. Launch 1005, which collected all of the multibeam bathymetry, was also equipped with a TSS POS/MV Model 320 (Position and Orientation System for Marine Vessels). Standard bathymetric processing, including tide corrections, soundings accuracy, and quality control were done by the NOAA Office of Coast Survey.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Information unavailable from original metadata.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    No additional checks for topological consistency were performed on this data.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Data are not intended for navigational use. These data should not be used at resolutions for which it is not intended. Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Seth Ackerman
    Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
    Geologist
    c/o U.S. Geological Survey
    Woods Hole, MA
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Although this data set has been used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials.
    Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) Shapefile format. The user must have software capable of importing and processing the data file.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 16-Nov-2021
Metadata author:
Seth Ackerman
Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Geologist
c/o U.S. Geological Survey
Woods Hole, MA
USA

508-548-8700 x2315 (voice)
508-457-2310 (FAX)
sackerman@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions:
The metadata contact email address is updated with a current email address.
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/open_file_report/ofr2006-1008/surveylines_sss.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.50 on Tue Nov 16 10:06:32 2021