Bottom photographs collected in the Cape Ann - Salisbury Beach Massachusetts Survey Area (SEABOSS_Photos)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Bottom photographs collected in the Cape Ann - Salisbury Beach Massachusetts Survey Area (SEABOSS_Photos)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-1373
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20071373
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Walter A. Barnhardt
Originator: Brian D. Andrews
Originator: Seth D. Ackerman
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: Christopher J. Hein
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
High-Resolution Geological Mapping of the Inner Continental Shelf: Cape Ann to Salisbury Beach, Massachusetts.
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-1373
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1373/
Description:
Abstract:
These data were collected under a cooperative agreement with the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Science Center. Initiated in 2003, the primary objective of this program is to develop regional geologic framework information for the management of coastal and marine resources. Accurate data and maps of sea-floor geology are important first steps toward protecting fish habitat, delineating marine reserves, and assessing environmental changes due to natural or human impacts. The project is focused on the inshore waters (5-30 m deep) of Massachusetts between the New Hampshire border and Cape Cod Bay. Data collected for the mapping cooperative have been released in a series of USGS Open-File Reports (https://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/project-pages/coastal_mass/). This spatial dataset is from the Cape Ann and Salisbury Beach Massachusetts project area. The data collected in two separate surveys in 2004 and 2005 and cover approximately 325 square kilometers of the inner continental shelf. High resolution bathymetry and backscatter intensity were collected in 2004 and 2005. Seismic profile data, sediment samples and bottom photography were also collected in 2005.
Purpose:
This data set includes the bottom photographs acquired with the large SEABed Observation and Sampling System (SEABOSS) during USGS survey 05005, conducted September 18-20, 2005 aboard the R/V Connecticut. This data set was collected to ground-truth (verify) the geophysical data sets that were acquired immediately preceeding this sampling survey (September 8-16, 2005). The locations of these bottom photos can be found in the shapefile BottomPhotos.shp. Bottom video were also taken at each station occupied by the SEABOSS (see shapefile SeaBossTracklines.shp)
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20050918
Ending_Date: 20050920
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.800810
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.603952
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.869710
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.671036
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:85a8d732-c691-4733-ad94-040a63b55ed8
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHSC
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: R/V Connecticut
Theme_Keyword: ground-truth
Theme_Keyword: bottom photographs
Theme_Keyword: seabed photographs
Theme_Keyword: photos
Theme_Keyword: stations
Theme_Keyword: seafloor
Theme_Keyword: JPEG
Theme_Keyword: Field Activity Number 05005
Theme_Keyword: Van Veen grab sampler
Theme_Keyword: SEABOSS sampler
Theme_Keyword: Open-File Report 2007-1373
Theme_Keyword: OFR 2007-1373
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: image collections
Theme_Keyword: underwater photography
Theme_Keyword: sea-floor characteristics
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Maine
Place_Keyword: Bigelow Bight
Place_Keyword: Merrimack River
Place_Keyword: Ipswich Bay
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Cape Ann
Place_Keyword: Salisbury Beach
Place_Keyword: Plum Island
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: Seafloor
Stratum_Keyword: Seabed
Stratum_Keyword: sea floor
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 2005
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the source of this information.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Brian Andrews
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geographer
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2348
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bandrews@usgs.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.4.1420
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: D. Blackwood
Originator: K. Parolski
Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Seabed observation and sampling system
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Sea Technology
Issue_Identification: v. 42, no. 2, p. 39-43
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Walter A. Barnhardt
Originator: Brian D. Andrews
Originator: Bradford Butman
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
High-Resolution Mapping of the Inner Continental Shelf: Nahant to Gloucester, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2005-1293
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1293/
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Seth D. Ackerman
Originator: Bradford Butman
Originator: Walter A. Barnhardt
Originator: William W. Danforth
Originator: James M. Crocker
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
High-Resolution Geologic Mapping of the Inner Continental Shelf: Boston Harbor and Approaches, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2006-1008
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1008/
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Gaps in sequential photo numbers exist. If camera was triggered accidentally on deck or picture did not come out, it was deleted.
Completeness_Report:
Any bottom photographs taken in water column or were otherwise not usable were deleted.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The JPEG photos alone do not represent spatial data, however the feature class/ shapefile "BottomPhotos" makes the link between these photos and the navigation from USGS Survey Number 05005. Navigation for survey 05005 used Real Time Kinematic (RTK) GPS from a base station established by USGS for this survey. RTK-GPS provides horizontal positional accuracies on the decimeter scale. The recorded position of each sediment sample is actually the position of the GPS antenna on the survey vessel, not the SEABOSS sampler. No layback or offset was applied to the recorded position. The SEABOSS was deployed approximately 10 meters astern of the GPS antenna and may drift additionally away from the survey vessel when deployed to the seafloor. Based on the various sources for horizontal offsets, a conservative estimate the horizontal accuracy of the SEABOSS location is 30-40 meters.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS (assumed)
Publication_Date: unknown
Title: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Type_of_Source_Media: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20050918
Ending_Date: 20050920
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Source_Contribution:
The SEABed Observation and Sampling System (SEABOSS) was designed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for rapid and effective collection of seabed images and sediment samples in coastal regions. The observations from video and still cameras and the sediment data are used to explore the nature of the seafloor and, in conjunction with high-resolution geophysical data, to make interpretive maps of sedimentary environments and validate the acoustic remote sensing data. The SEABOSS is a simple system that can be deployed from both small and large surface vessels and operates in water depths up to 200m. It incorporates two video cameras, a still camera, a depth sensor, and a modified Van Veen sediment sampler. The elements of this particular SEABOSS system are held within a stainless steel framework that measures 1.2 x 1.2 meters and weighs 136 kilograms overall. The frame has a stabilizer fin that orients the system as it drifts over the seabed. The digital camera, a Minolta Dimage A2, is mounted in a machined Delrin housing with a flat port and is set for 3264x2448 pixel images at the "fine" setting for compression. This allows the camera to be used for over 200 images with a 1 GB Compact Flash card without downloading. The system also has a photosea strobe. Two lasers are set 20 cm apart (on the SEABOSS frame or on the bottom) for scale measurements. The red laser dots can usually be seen in the photo depending on the bottom type and the distance to the sea floor. A third laser is positioned at an angle so that when it intersects the other lasers, the SEABOSS is at the optimum height (approximately 75 cm) off the bottom for a still photograph. The camera is set to a manual focus and set to a default focus distance once the camera is powered up. The default focus distance is slightly less than the optimum height above the seafloor to account for optical distortion under water. All of the system's elements are powered from the surface vessel through a conducting cable. The winch operator views a video monitor so that the system can be maintained at an appropriate height above the bottom and obstacles can be avoided. Scientists also view video monitors and decide when to sample and take still photographs. Video displays include station number, water depth (from the depth sensor), and date, time, and geographic position (provided by a shipboard navigation system). The SEABOSS was deployed from the R/V Connecticut by the A-Frame on the stern. The vessel occupied one of the target stations and deployed the SEABOSS. The winch operator lowered the sampler until the seafloor was observed in the real-time bottom video. On most stations, the vessel and sampler drifted with wind and current for approximately 5-10 minutes. The SEABOSS operator monitored the real-time bottom video and acquired still bottom photographs at points of interest by remotely triggering the camera shutter. The number of photographs per station varied from 3-26 depending on the complexity of the bottom. The third laser on the system was set to an angle such that the optimum photograph height was 75 cm. The default focus on the camera was set to 50 cm. The imaged area is most often within 0.5 to 1.25 meters from left to right. Other camera settings are as follows: aperture is set at f/8; shutter speed is 1/125 second. The camera time during this survey was set to EDT.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Eighty-seven target stations were occupied aboard the R/V Connecticut (USGS survey 05005) with the large SEABOSS (Blackwood and Parolski, 2001). JPEG photographs were acquired at each station. The JPEG photos alone do not represent spatial data, however the shapefile BottomPhotos.shp (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1373/GIS/shapefile/BottomPhotos.zip) makes the link between these photos and the navigation from USGS Survey Number 05005. . The link is possible because the JPEG photographs EXIF header records acquisition time. However, the time recorded is local time, not UTC time. In addition, the local time is off by 47 seconds. The total time adjustment was +4 hours 47 seconds.
Process_Date: 200509
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: JPEG photographs
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Science party of survey 05005
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologists
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2348
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bandrews@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The digital images were recorded on a compact flash card within the camera. Images were transfered from the camera to the data server at the midnight watch change each day. Photos from each day were archived in folders by Gregorian date.
Process_Date: 200509
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: JPEG photographs
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Seth Ackerman
Contact_Organization: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: c/o U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2315
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Image names repeated for each subsequent day therefore the original JPEG images were renamed from the sequential, camera automatic filename (i.e. pict001.jpg) to a filename with the date prepended to the filename (e.g. 919_pict001.jpg). For example, 919 indicated September 19th. This date is based on local time, not UTC time.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Original JPEG Filenames
Process_Date: 200710
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: New JPEG Filenames
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Seth Ackerman
Contact_Organization: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: c/o U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2315
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
JPEG photographs were resized to fit on the DVD Open-File Report using ImageMagick (v6.3) "convert" to resize and downsample the photos to 1024 x 768.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: JPEG Files
Process_Date: 200710
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: Resized JPEG Files (same filenames)
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Seth Ackerman
Contact_Organization: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: c/o U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2315
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: seth.ackerman@state.ma.us
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). Fixed a link in the abstract. The source information was incomplete and had to be modified to meet the standard. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20170201
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: SEABOSS_Photos
Entity_Type_Definition: SEABOSS_Photos
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Brian Andrews
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole Science Center
Contact_Position: Geographer
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2348
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bandrews@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: JPEG
Format_Version_Number: NA
Format_Specification: JPEG Photograph
Format_Information_Content: JPEG bottom photographs collected with the SEABOSS
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip
Transfer_Size: 98
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: Gbytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
These data are available as JPEG images. To utilize these data, the user must have an image viewer capable of opening JPEG images. The individual photos can be found on the DVD and are also distributed in compressed format as one WinZip (ver 9.0) file. To utilize these data, the user must be able to uncompress the WinZip file.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20211116
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Seth Ackerman
Contact_Organization: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: c/o U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2315
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sackerman@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions:
The metadata contact email address is updated with a current email address.
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/open_file_report/ofr2007-1373/SEABOSS_Photos_Metadata.html>
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