MOSAIC8 - Composite sidescan-sonar mosaic collected by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of the Chandeleur Islands, LA, 2007 (UTM Zone 16N GeoTIFF)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
MOSAIC8 - Composite sidescan-sonar mosaic collected by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of the Chandeleur Islands, LA, 2007 (UTM Zone 16N GeoTIFF)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2008-1195
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20081195
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Originator: David C. Twichell
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Geophysical Data from offshore of the Chandeleur Islands, Eastern Mississippi Delta
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2008-1195
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1195/
Description:
Abstract:
In 2006 and 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey, in partnership with Louisiana Department of Natural Resources and the University of New Orleans, conducted geologic mapping to characterize the sea floor and shallow subsurface stratigraphy offshore of the Chandeleur Islands in Eastern Louisiana. The mapping was carried out during two cruises on the R/V Acadiana. Data were acquired with the following equipment: an SEA Ltd SwathPlus interferometric sonar (234 kHz), Klein 3000 dual frequency sidescan sonar, and an Edgetech 512i chirp subbottom profiling system. The long-term goal of this mapping effort is to produce high-quality geologic maps and geophysical interpretations that can be utilized to investigate the impact of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and to identify sand resources within the region.
Purpose:
This GeoTIFF (Tagged Image File Format) contains approximately 45 square-km of sidescan sonar data that were collected in 2007. These data are used to define the sea-floor morphology offshore of the Chandeleur Islands in Eastern Louisiana.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20070612
Ending_Date: 20070617
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -89.021984
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.876065
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.661046
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.586763
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:6716be17-ce20-4fee-ac08-9b965bd55e7a
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHSC
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: sidescan-sonar
Theme_Keyword: sidescan
Theme_Keyword: side scan sonar
Theme_Keyword: backscatter
Theme_Keyword: GeoTIFF image
Theme_Keyword: grey scale
Theme_Keyword: composite image
Theme_Keyword: WHSC field activity report number 07007
Theme_Keyword: mosaic
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: sea-floor acoustic reflectivity
Theme_Keyword: image mosaics
Theme_Keyword: sidescan sonar
Theme_Keyword: marine geophysics
Theme_Keyword: geospatial datasets
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Louisiana
Place_Keyword: Chandeleur Islands
Place_Keyword: Breton Island
Place_Keyword: Gosier Island
Place_Keyword: Curlew Island
Place_Keyword: MRGO
Place_Keyword: New Harbor Islands
Place_Keyword: North Islands
Place_Keyword: North-Central Gulf Coast
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico
Place_Keyword: Mississippi River Gulf Outlet
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David C. Twichell
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2266
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dtwichell@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1195/images/mosaic8.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: grey scale image of sidescan-sonar mosaic
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Version 2003 Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.4.1420
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W.W. Danforth
Originator: T.F. O'Brien
Originator: W.C. Schwab
Publication_Date: 1991
Title:
USGS image processing system: near real-time mosaicking of high-resolution sidescan-sonar data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Sea Technology
Issue_Identification: Jan. 1991
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: William W. Danforth
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
XSonar/ShowImage: A complete system for rapid sidescan-sonar processing and display.
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 97-686
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr97686
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: A. Malinverno
Originator: M. Edwards
Originator: W.B.F. Ryan
Publication_Date: 1990
Title: Processing of SeaMARC swath sonar data.
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Issue_Identification: 15
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: V.F. Paskevich
Publication_Date: 1996
Title:
MAPIT: An improved method for mapping digital sidescan sonar data using the Woods Hole Image Processing System (WHIPS) Software
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 96-281
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96281
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Completeness_Report:
All available data were used to create the backscatter mosaic. Some lines with excess noise were clipped after the mosaic was completed.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
These data were navigated with a Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) mounted above the interferometric sonar head. Unless noted, all DGPS data are referenced to WGS84. The layback distance between towed sidescan sonar fish and the mounted GPS antennae were measured on the ship and corrected for these navigation data.
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: 10
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Explanation:
The differential GPS is accurate within 1 to 2 meters. The layback of the towfish adds additional uncertainty due to changes in angle and scope of the tow cable in response to sea state and vessel speed. Original metadata specified the horizontal positional accuracy value as < 10 meters.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: Sidescan-sonar data collection
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20070612
Ending_Date: 20070617
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: raw sidescan data
Source_Contribution:
Data acquisition at sea: These sidescan-sonar data were collected with a Klein 3000 dual frequency sidescan sonar towed 3 meters astern of the R/V Acadiana. These data were acquired using SonarPro Software (version: none) during a cruise in June 2007. Data were collected along tracklines spaced 100 to 125 m apart at a speed of 1.5 to 2.5 m/s. The dual frequencies of the sonar system are 100 and 500 kHz . Navigation was by means of differential GPS. All sidescan-sonar data were logged digitally at a sample rate resulting in a 0.18-m pixel size in the across-track direction and approximately 0.14-m in the along-track direction following the methodology outlined in Danforth and others (1991) and Danforth (1997).
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Within XSonar Software (version: none) a median filtering routine (Malinverno and others, 1990) was applied to the raw sidescan-sonar data (.xtf) to remove speckle noise; the filter was 6 pixels across track by 3 pixels along track. The data were further processed to correct for fish altitude, slant and beam artifacts, and then merged with the navigation (Danforth, 1997). These 2007 data were affected by port noise on the following days 20070610-20070619. XSonar was edited to reduce the port highpass value (from 4095 to 2500), in an effort to improve the sonar image. Odd and even sidescan sonar lines were mapped seperately out of XSonar at 1 meter/pixel resolution. Sidescan areas were defined within the cruise domain such that the sonar images mapped in XSonar would be no larger than 200 Mb.
Process_Date: 2007
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The odd and even area files were imported into PCI Geomatica Software (version 10.1) to be digitally mosaicked together using PCI's OrthoEngine and procedures described in Paskevich (1996). The mosaicking process produces an enhanced, geographically correct, sidescan-sonar mosaic with 1 meter/pixel resolution. The composite mosaic was exported as a GeoTIFF image.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: MOSAIC9.pix
Process_Date: 2007
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: MOSAIC9.tif
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The days that experienced portside noise problems (20070610-20070619) needed further processing to improve the mosaic image. Portside swaths that displayed as 'whiteout' within the mosaicked image had pixel values greater than 200 (out of 256) due to noise, and were deleted using the lasso tool in Adobe Photoshop CS2 (version 9.0.2).
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologsit
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.34 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The source information was incomplete and had to be modified to meet the standard. Formatting of the cross-references was fixed to meet the metadata standard. Some online links were added to the cross-references. The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20161103
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 8000
Column_Count: 14000
Vertical_Count: 1
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 16
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 1.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 1.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
There are no attributes associated with a GeoTIFF image. Image pixel values contain acoustic reflectivity values normalized to an 8-bit data range (0-255). Low-backscatter is represented by dark tones (low values) and high-backscatter is represented by bright tones (high values). The background color is set to 255 and can be turned off without removing data values.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Wayne E. Baldwin
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2226
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: wbaldwin@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GeoTIFF
Format_Version_Number: PCI version 10.1
Format_Information_Content:
This WinZip (version 9.0) file contains a geographic GeoTIFF image of side-scan sonar data collected offshore of the Chandeleur Islands, LA, and associated metadata.
File_Decompression_Technique: use WinZip or pkUnzip
Transfer_Size: 23.6
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: Gbytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
This zip file contains a GeoTIFF image with an accompanying world file. To utilize this data, the user must have an image viewer, image processing or GIS software package capable of importing a GeoTIFF image.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

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