HYPACK NAVIGATION: Text Files of the DGPS Navigation Logged with HYPACK Software on USGS Cruise 06018 from Sept. 6 to Sept. 8, 2006

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
HYPACK NAVIGATION: Text Files of the DGPS Navigation Logged with HYPACK Software on USGS Cruise 06018 from Sept. 6 to Sept. 8, 2006
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: text file
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-1151
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20091151
Online_Linkage: Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1151/html/catalog.html
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: John F. Bratton
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Continuous Resistivity Profiling and Seismic-Reflection Data Collected in 2006 from the Potomac River Estuary, Virginia and Maryland
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-1151
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1151/
Description:
Abstract:
In order to test hypotheses about groundwater flow under and into Chesapeake Bay, geophysical surveys were conducted by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists on Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River Estuary in September 2006. Chesapeake Bay resource managers are concerned about nutrients that are entering the estuary via submarine groundwater discharge, which are contributing to eutrophication. The USGS has performed many related studies in recent years to provide managers with information necessary to make informed decisions about this issue. The research carried out as part of the study described here was designed to help refine nutrient budgets for Chesapeake Bay by characterizing submarine groundwater flow and discharge of groundwater beneath part of the mainstem and a major tributary, the Potomac River Estuary.
Purpose:
The purpose of these data is to provide the navigation as recorded by Ashtech Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) with HYPACK software. This provides an archive of the original navigation as well as allowing others to reprocess the navigation for their purposes.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20060906
Ending_Date: 20060908
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.856267
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.310367
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.295767
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.946450
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:0f5ab253-a436-420e-9865-eb0907be6140
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Field Activity Serial Number 06018
Theme_Keyword: Info Bank ID K-1-06-CH
Theme_Keyword: navigation
Theme_Keyword: point
Theme_Keyword: Continuous Resistivity Profiling
Theme_Keyword: CRP
Theme_Keyword: R/V Kerhin
Theme_Keyword: Ashtech Differential GPS
Theme_Keyword: HYPACK
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: location
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: navigational data
Theme_Keyword: marine geophysics
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: North Atlantic
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Virginia
Place_Keyword: Potomac River Estuary
Place_Keyword: Chesapeake Bay
Place_Keyword: Dennis Point Marina
Place_Keyword: Solomons, Maryland
Place_Keyword: Maryland
Place_Keyword: Patuxent River
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
The public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John F. Bratton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2254
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jbratton@usgs.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.6.1500
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These are the original files recorded by the HYPACK navigation software. No additional checks or corrections have been made to these files.
Completeness_Report:
These files represent all the navigation recorded by the HYPACK software version 4.31.8.9 during USGS cruise 06018.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The navigation receiver used was an Ashtech DGPS2. The accuracy of this system is better than 10 meters. The antenna was located 7.9 meters forward of the anchor point for the resistivity streamer and approximately 2 meters forward of the seismic transducer. This offset was not entered into the software.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A USB thumb drive was used to transfer the text navigation files from the computer running the HYPACK navigation software. The original HYPACK navigation files are stored in three separate directories indicating the acquisition Julian Day (jd249, jd250, jd251) which correspond to Sept. 6, 2006; Sept. 7, 2006; and Sept. 8, 2006 respectively. The filenames in each folder are in the format of linenumber_starttime.julianday. Since we weren't surveying any previously loaded lines, the "linenumber" is always 000. An example filename is 000_1211.249 which reflects line 000, start time 1211 and Julian day 249. The times in the filename reflect UTC (Coordinate Universal Time) times.
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.34 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20161019
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
The times recorded in the navigation file are in UTC. Keywords and the information they provide are as follows:
INF: General survey information filled in by the data technician. In this case, the information recorded the first two days of the survey (jd249 and jd250 folders) was from a previous cruise. The correct information was entered for the final survey day (jd251 folder).
FIL: Raw format file.
ELL: Ellipsoid information. The name of the ellipsoid followed by the semi-major axis in meters and the flattening ration.
PRO: Project information record where TME indicates Transverse Mercator and the central meridian of -75 indicates UTM, zone 18.
TND: Survey time and date in UTC.
DEV 0: Indicates that the lines with device designation 0 are lines of Ashtech DGPS data.
OFF: device offsets (none used during this data collection)
EOH: end of header
The remaining elements have similar information in the first 3 columns. The first column will indicate the data type, the second column will indicate the device that recorded the information (0 for Ashtech) and the third column is the time tag (seconds past midnight) that is also sometimes referred to as the latency. The remaining information on each line is specific to the data type.
POS: Position of the ship - in this case the antenna location - in the format "POS dn t x y" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); x=easting; y=northing. On this cruise these values are in UTM, Zone 18, WGS84.
QUA: Position quality information in the format "QUA dn t n m h sat mode" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); n=number of values to follow; m = 10 minus HDOP (horizontal dilution of precision); h=HDOP; sat=number of satellites; mode=GPS mode (NMEA 0183 standard values) where 2=Differential GPS fix.
RAW: Position information in the format "RAW dn t n lat long alt utc" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); n=number of values to follow; lat=raw latitude X 100; long=raw longitude X 100; alt=antenna altitude above ellipsoid (meters); utc=GPS time in the format HHMM.
MSG: Message string in the format "MSG dn t message" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); message is the message sent from the device. On this cruise, two different messages were sent from the DGPS: $GPGGA and $GPGLL. These will be defined later.
FIX: not defined in the HYPACK manual
The NMEA strings present in the HYPACK file are the $GPGGA and $GPGLL. These are defined as follows. $GPGGA is GPS fix data in the format "$GPGGA, t, lat, lath, long, longh, q, sat, h, a, M, alt, M, t2, refcheck" where t=time in UTC in the format hhmmss.ss; lat=latitude in the format ddmm.mmmmmm; lath= N or S indicating the latitude hemisphere; long=longitude in the format dddmm.mmmmmm; longh=E or W indicating the longitude hemisphere; q=fix quality where 2 is a DGPS fix; sat=number of satellites; h=Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP); a=Antenna altitude above mean sea level (geoid); M= units of antenna altitude in meters; alt=height of geoid above WGS84 ellipsoid; M=units of geoidal height in meters; t2=time since last DGPS update; refcheck=DGPS reference station id and the checksum.
$GPGLL is geographic position date in the format "$GPGLL, lat, lath, long, longh, t, vcheck" where lat=latitude in the format ddmm.mmmmmm; lath=N or S indicating the latitude hemisphere; long=longitude in the format dddmm.mmmmmm; longh=E or W indicating the longitude hemisphere; t=time in UTC in the format hhmmss.ss; vcheck=data valid and checksum.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
The definitions of the HYPACK strings were acquired from the HYPACK software manual available from: http://www.hypack.com/. The definitions of the NMEA strings were obtained from: http://home.mira.net/~gnb/gps/nmea.html
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John F. Bratton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2254
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jbratton@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HYPACK
Format_Version_Number: 4.31.8.9
Format_Information_Content:
This WinZip (version 9.0) file contains the ANSI text HYPACK navigation files as well as the associated metadata files.
Transfer_Size: 7.8
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: GBytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: None.
Technical_Prerequisites:
The user must have software capable of uncompressing the WinZip file.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

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