Text Files of the DGPS Navigation Logged with HYPACK Software on USGS Cruise 09059 from Nov. 9 to Nov. 11, 2009

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Text Files of the DGPS Navigation Logged with HYPACK Software on USGS Cruise 09059 from Nov. 9 to Nov. 11, 2009
Abstract:
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is producing detailed geologic maps of the coastal sea floor. Imagery, originally collected by NOAA for charting purposes, provides a fundamental framework for research and management activities along this part of Long Island Sound, shows the composition and terrain of the seabed, and provides information on sediment transport and benthic habitat. Interpretive data layers were derived from the multibeam echo-sounder data and sidescan-sonar data collected north of Plum Island, New York and offshore of Rocky Point, New York. During November 2009, bottom photographs and surficial sediment data were acquired as part of a ground-truth reconnaissance survey of these areas. For more information on the ground-truth survey see https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fa=2009-059-FA.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Cross, VeeAnn A., 2010, Text Files of the DGPS Navigation Logged with HYPACK Software on USGS Cruise 09059 from Nov. 9 to Nov. 11, 2009: Open-File Report 2010-1007, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Poppe, L.J., McMullen, K.Y., Ackerman, S.D., Blackwood, D.S., Irwin, B.J., Schaer, J.D., Lewit, P.G., and Doran, E.F., 2010, Sea-floor geology and character offshore of Rocky Point, New York: Open-File Report 2010-1007, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.402855
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.152318
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.287199
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.109415
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 09-Nov-2009
    Ending_Date: 11-Nov-2009
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: text file
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Point data set.
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.000001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    The times recorded in the navigation file are in UTC. Keywords and the information they provide are as follows:
    FTP: The first record located at the top of the header used to identify the file format.
    VER: HYPACK version number.
    INF: General survey information filled in by the data technician. ***Note any mistakes. They often have the wrong information
    FIL: Raw format file.
    ELL: Ellipsoid information. The name of the ellipsoid followed by the semi-major axis in meters and the flattening ration.
    PRO: Project information record where TME indicates Transverse Mercator and the central meridian of -75 indicates UTM, zone 18.
    DTM: Datum transformation record.
    GEO: Geoid Model File. Blank if not present. GEO <geo_file> <h_corr> where 'h_corr' is orthometric height correction in meters.
    HVU: Horizontal and Vertical Units (meters)
    TND: Survey time and date in UTC.
    DEV 0: Indicates that the lines with device designation 0 are lines of GPS data. ***Not present on this cruise.
    OFF 0: device offsets for device 0. Format of the value is OFF dn n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 n7 where dn=device number; n1=starboard, port offsets where positive is starboard; n2=forward, aft offset where positive is forward; n3=height (antenna) or depth (transducer draft) offset - always positive; n4=yaw rotation angle where positive for clockwise rotation; n5=roll rotation angle where port side up is positive; n6=pitch rotation angle where bow up is positive; n7=device latency in seconds. No offset for device 0 during this data collection.
    DEV 1: Indicates that the lines with device designation 0 are lines of CSI LGBX Pro DGPS data.
    OFF 1: device offsets for device 1 - see description above (no offset for device 1 used during this data collection)
    DDT 1: unknown HYPACK header element.
    DEV 2: Indicates that the lines with device designation 2 are bathymetry values.
    OFF 2: device offsets for device 2 - see description above. A draft of 0.5 meters for the transducer during this data collection.
    EOH: end of header
    The remaining elements have similar information in the first 3 columns. The first column will indicate the data type, the second column will indicate the device that recorded the information and the third column is the time tag (seconds past midnight) that is also sometimes referred to as the latency. The remaining information on each line is specific to the data type.
    POS: Position of the ship - in this case the antenna location - in the format "POS dn t x y" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); x=easting; y=northing. On this cruise these values are in UTM, Zone 18, WGS84.
    QUA: Position quality information in the format "QUA dn t n m h sat mode" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); n=number of values to follow; m = 10 minus HDOP (horizontal dilution of precision); h=HDOP; sat=number of satellites; mode=GPS mode (NMEA 0183 standard values) where 2=Differential GPS fix.
    RAW: Position information in the format "RAW dn t n lat long alt utc" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); n=number of values to follow; lat=raw latitude X 100; long=raw longitude X 100; alt=antenna altitude above ellipsoid (meters); utc=GPS time in the format HHMM.
    EC1: Echo Sounding (single frequency) in the format "EC1 dn t rd" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); rd=raw depth.
    GYR: Gyro Data (heading) in the format "GYR dn t h" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); h=shipheading angle.
    MSG: Message string in the format "MSG dn t message" where dn=device number; t=time tag (seconds past midnight); message is the message sent from the device. On this cruise, four different messages were sent from the DGPS: $GPVTG, $GPZDA, $SDDPT and $GPGGA. These will be defined later.
    FIX: not defined in the HYPACK manual
    The NMEA strings present in the HYPACK file are the $GPVTG, $GPZDA, $SDDPT, and $GPGGA. These are defined as follows.
    $GPVTG is track made good and ground speed in the format "$GPVTG, t, T, m, M, n, N, k, K refcheck" where t=true course made good over ground, degrees; T indicates the previous number refers to true course; m=magnetic course made good over ground, dgrees; M indicates the previous number refers to magnetic course; n=ground speed; N indicates the previous number refers to Knots, k=ground speed; K indicates the previous number refers to Kilometers per hour, refcheck= checksum at the end of the string with the first character an *.
    $GPZDA is UTC Date/Time and local time zone offset in the format "$GPZDA, hhmmss.ss,dd,mm,yyyy, xx, yy checksum" where hhmmss.ss= time in UTC; dd=UTC day; mm=UTC month; yyyy=UTC year; xx=offset to local time zone in hours; yy=offset to local time zone in minutes;checksum ***on this cruise the navigation computer was set to UTC time so the $GPZDA string indicates zero time offset.
    $SDDPT is water depth relative to the transducer in mgers in the format "$SDDPT, data_meters, offset_meters, checksum
    $GPGGA is GPS fix data in the format "$GPGGA, t, lat, lath, long, longh, q, sat, h, a, M, alt, M, t2, refcheck" where t=time in UTC in the format hhmmss.ss; lat=latitude in the format ddmm.mmmmmm; lath= N or S indicating the latitude hemisphere; long=longitude in the format dddmm.mmmmmm; longh=E or W indicating the longitude hemisphere; q=fix quality where 2 is a DGPS fix; sat=number of satellites; h=Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP); a=Antenna altitude above mean sea level (geoid); M= units of antenna altitude in meters; alt=height of geoid above WGS84 ellipsoid; M=units of geoidal height in meters; t2=time since last DGPS update; refcheck=DGPS reference station id and the checksum.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
    The definitions of the HYPACK strings were acquired from the HYPACK software manual available from: http://www.hypack.com/. The definitions of the NMEA strings were obtained from: http://home.mira.net/~gnb/gps/nmea.html and http://www.actisense.com/Downloads/TechTalk/NMEA%200183/The%20NMEA%200183%20Information%20Sheet.pdf

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • VeeAnn A. Cross
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Larry Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    5084572310 (FAX)

Why was the data set created?

The purpose of these data is to provide the navigation for USGS cruise 09059 as recorded by CSI LGBX Pro Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) with HYPACK software. This provides an archive of the original navigation as well as allowing others to reprocess the navigation for their purposes.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2009 (process 1 of 5)
    A USB thumb drive was used to transfer the text navigation files from the computer running the HYPACK navigation software. The original HYPACK navigation files are stored in a single folder. The filenames are in the format of linenumber_starttime.julianday. Since we weren't surveying any previously loaded lines, the "linenumber" is always 000. An example filename is 000_1343.315 which reflects line 000, start time 1343 and Julian day 315. The times in the filename reflect UTC (Coordinate Universal Time) times. Person who carried out this activity:
    Larry Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    5084572310 (FAX)
    Date: 10-Feb-2017 (process 2 of 5)
    Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). Attempted to modify http to https where appropriate. Updated the field activity link. The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 3 of 5)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 18-Nov-2019 (process 4 of 5)
    Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 5 of 5)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    The navigation receiver used was a CSI LGBX Pro DGPS2. The accuracy of this system is better than 10 meters.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    These files represent all the navigation recorded by the HYPACK software version 9.0.5.17 during USGS cruise 09059.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    These are the original files recorded by the HYPACK navigation software. No additional checks or corrections have been made to these files.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
The public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Larry Poppe
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2314 (voice)
    5084572310 (FAX)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? Downloadable Data
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    The user must have software capable of uncompressing the WinZip file.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Sep-2020
Metadata author:
VeeAnn A. Cross
U.S. Geological Survey
Marine Geologist
Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Woods Hole, MA

(508) 548-8700 x2251 (voice)
(508) 457-2310 (FAX)
vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/open_file_report/ofr2010-1007/rafa09059_hypackmd.faq.html>
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