Sediment-Texture Units of the Sea Floor for Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts (BuzzardsBay_sedcover, polygon shapefile, Geographic, WGS84)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: David S. Foster
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Sediment-Texture Units of the Sea Floor for Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts (BuzzardsBay_sedcover, polygon shapefile, Geographic, WGS84)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2014-1220
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141220
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: Walter A. Barnhardt
Originator: William C. Schwab
Originator: Seth D. Ackerman
Originator: Brian D. Andrews
Originator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Shallow Geology, Sea-Floor Texture, Physiographic Zones of Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts
Edition: 1.1
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2014-1220
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141220
Description:
Abstract:
Geologic, sediment texture, and physiographic zone maps characterize the sea floor of Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts. These maps were derived from interpretations of seismic-reflection profiles, high-resolution bathymetry, acoustic-backscatter intensity, bottom photographs, and surficial sediment samples. The interpretation of the seismic stratigraphy and mapping of glacial and Holocene marine units provided a foundation on which the surficial maps were created. This mapping is a result of a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management to characterize the surface and subsurface geologic framework offshore of Massachusetts.
Purpose:
These sea floor sediment cover data were created from geophysical and sample data collected from Buzzards Bay, and are used to characterize the sea floor in the area. Sediment type and distribution maps are important data layers for marine resource managers charged with protecting fish habitat, delineating marine boundaries, and assessing environmental change due to natural or human impacts.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20040101
Ending_Date: 20110831
Currentness_Reference:
ground condition of the source data that this interpretation is based on
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.122548
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.612718
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.766648
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.369362
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:fd6bb70a-1ad6-44b3-9a70-8a6057c3b755
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management
Theme_Keyword: CZM
Theme_Keyword: Sea floor
Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology
Theme_Keyword: Interpretation
Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Backscatter
Theme_Keyword: Slope
Theme_Keyword: Topography
Theme_Keyword: Esri Shapefile
Theme_Keyword: Bottom type
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Cover
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Texture
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Distribution
Theme_Keyword: Bottom Photographs
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Samples
Theme_Keyword: Seismic-reflection Profiles
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: scientific interpretation
Theme_Keyword: sea-floor characteristics
Theme_Keyword: marine geology
Theme_Keyword: geospatial datasets
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Buzzards Bay
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Westport
Place_Keyword: Dartmouth
Place_Keyword: New Bedford
Place_Keyword: Fairhaven
Place_Keyword: Mattapoisett
Place_Keyword: Marion
Place_Keyword: Wareham
Place_Keyword: Bourne
Place_Keyword: Falmouth
Place_Keyword: Woods Hole
Place_Keyword: Elizabeth Islands
Place_Keyword: Naushon Island
Place_Keyword: Gosnold
Place_Keyword: Cuttyhunk Island
Place_Keyword: Penikese Island
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: Sea floor
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Not to be used for navigation. Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information. Additionally, there are limitations associated with qualitative sediment mapping interpretations. Because of the scale of the source geophysical data and the spacing of samples, not all changes in sea floor texture are captured. The data were mapped between 1:5,000 and 1:20,000, but the recommended scale for application of these data is 1:25,000. Not all digitized sea floor features contained sample information, so often the sea floor texture is characterized by the nearest similar feature that contains a sample. Conversely, sometimes a digitized feature contained multiple samples and not all of the samples within the feature were in agreement (of the same texture). In these cases the dominant sediment texture was chosen to represent the primary texture for the polygon. Samples from rocky areas often only consist of bottom photographs, because large particle size often prevents the recovery of a sediment sample. Bottom photo classification can be subjective, such that determining the sediment type that is greater than 50% of the view frame is estimated by the interpreter and may differ among interpreters. Bottom photo transects often reveal changes in the sea floor over distances of less than 100 m and these changes are often not observable in acoustic data. Heterogeneous sea floor texture can change very quickly, and many small-scale changes will not be detectable or mappable at a scale of 1:25,000. The boundaries of polygons are often inferred on the basis of sediment samples, and even boundaries that are traced on the basis of amplitude changes in geophysical data are subject to migration. Polygon boundaries should be considered an approximation of the location of a change in texture.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Image of the sediment texture and distribution shapefile for Buzzards Bay
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: PNG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows Vista Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.4095
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kelley, J.T.
Originator: Barnhardt, W.A.
Originator: Belknap, D.F.
Originator: Dickson, S.M.
Originator: Kelley, A.R.
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
The Seafloor Revealed: The Geology of the Northwestern Gulf of Maine Inner Continental Shelf
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Maine Geological Survey Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 96-6
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Augusta, Maine
Publisher:
Maine Geological Survey, Natural Resources Information and Mapping Center
Online_Linkage:
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barnhardt, W.A.
Originator: Kelley, J.T.
Originator: Dickson, S.M.
Originator: Belknap, D.F.
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Mapping the Gulf of Maine with Side-scan Sonar: a New Bottom-type Classification for Complex Seafloors
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Coastal Research
Issue_Identification: 14(2)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Royal Palm Beach, FL
Publisher: Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: McMullen, K.Y.
Originator: Paskevich, V.F.
Originator: Poppe, L.J.
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
GIS data catalog (version 2.2), in Poppe, L.J., Williams, S.J., and Paskevich, V.F., eds., 2005, USGS East-coast Sediment Analysis: Procedures, Database, and GIS Data
Edition: 2.2
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2005-1001
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1001/
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ford, K.H.
Originator: Voss, S.E
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Seafloor Sediment Composition in Massachusetts Determined Using Point Data
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries Technical Report
Issue_Identification: TR-45
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New Bedford, MA
Publisher: Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries
Online_Linkage: http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/dmf/publications/tr-45.pdf
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data were drawn and vetted for accuracy using the source input rasters and point sample data described in the processing steps and source contributions. Overlapping features and unintentional gaps within the survey area were identified using the topology checker in ArcMap (version 9.3.1) and corrected or removed.
Completeness_Report:
These sediment cover data are defined for areas where source data exists. In general, gaps in the coverage coincide with gaps in the source data. However, some small data gaps were interpreted through extrapolation. Areas of lower data quality and incomplete coverage are noted in a data confidence attribute field.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
These data were produced qualitatively from acoustic and sample data with varying resolutions. Horizontal uncertainty associated with sample collection especially, can be quite high (100's of meters), much higher than positional uncertainty associated with acoustic data (usually less than <10's of meters). The date of sample collection and ship station positioning all contribute to sample position uncertainty. These qualitatively derived polygons outlining sea floor features are estimated to be within 50 meters, horizontally, but locally may be higher when sediment texture delineation is based on sample information alone.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Although there is a field for mean water depth, there is no assumption of vertical accuracy. The depth value is an average of all grid cells (see the larger work citation bathymetry metadata: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2014/1220/ofr2014-1220-data_catalog.html) within each polygon. In many cases the mean depth value covers a range of depths from near zero to < -20 meters, and as such should not be used for navigation or taken as an absolute depth value within a polygon.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Poppe, L.J.
Originator: Ackerman, S.D.
Originator: Foster, D.S.
Originator: Blackwood, D.S.
Originator: Butman, B.
Originator: Moser, M.S.
Originator: Stewart, H.F.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Sea-floor character and surface processes in the vicinity of Quicks Hole, Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2006-1357
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1357/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20040101
Ending_Date: 20050601
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Poppe and others, 2007
Source_Contribution:
This publication provides the source geophysical (backscatter and bathymetry) and bottom photographs and sediment samples for the Quicks Hole area of Buzzards Bay. Two 29-foot launches deployed from the NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson were used to acquire bathymetric and backscatter data during 2004. The multibeam bathymetric data were collected with hull-mounted 455-kHz RESON 8125 and 240-kHz RESON 8101 systems. The sidescan sonar data were acquired with a hull-mounted Klein 5250 system operating at 100 kHz. Sediment samples and bottom photos were collected aboard the R/V Rafael with a modified Van Veen grab sampler and SEABOSS, respectively.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pendleton, E.A.
Originator: Twichell, D.C.
Originator: Foster, D.S.
Originator: Worley, C.R
Originator: Irwin, B.J.
Originator: Danforth, W.W.
Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
High-resolution geophysical data from the sea floor surrounding the Western Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2011-1184
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1184/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100909
Ending_Date: 20100918
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Pendleton and others, 2012
Source_Contribution:
This report provided source geophysical (sidescan, bathymetry, and seismic-reflection profiles) for the area of Buzzards Bay surrounding the western Elizabeth Islands. Surveying was conducted aboard the RV Rafael in September 2010. Interferometric-sonar, sidescan-sonar, and chirp seismic-reflection systems were deployed simultaneously during the cruise. Bathymetric sounding data were collected with an SEA SWATHplus 234-kilohertz (kHz) interferometric sonar system. Sidescan-sonar (acoustic-backscatter) data were acquired with a Klein 3000 dual-frequency (100 and 500 kHz) sidescan-sonar system. High-resolution chirp seismic-reflection profiles were collected using an EdgeTech Geo-Star full spectrum sub-bottom (FSSB) system and SB-424 towfish.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Turecek, A.M.
Originator: Danforth, W.W.
Originator: Baldwin, W.E.
Originator: Barnhardt, W.A.
Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
High-resolution geophysical data collected within Red Brook Harbor, Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, in 2009
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2010-1091
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1091/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20090928
Ending_Date: 20091117
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Turecek and others, 2012
Source_Contribution:
This report provided the source geophysical (sidescan, bathymetry, and seismic-reflection profiles), sediment sample and bottom photograph data for Buzzards Bay in the area of Red Brook Harbor. Surveying was conducted aboard the R/V Rafael. Bathymetric data were collected with an SEA SWATHplus 234-kilohertz (kHz) interferometric sonar system. Acoustic backscatter, a measure of the intensity of returns from an insonified area of the sea floor, was recorded by the SEA SWATHplus interferometric sonar system. Seismic-reflection profiles were collected with a Knudsen Engineering, Ltd. (KEL) Chirp 3202 dual-frequency (centered at 3.5- and 200-kHz) Chirp system. The USGS Mini SEABed Observation and Sampling System (Mini SEABOSS) was used to collect digital photography and video and sediment samples
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ackerman, S.D.
Originator: Andrews, B.D.
Originator: Foster, D.S.
Originator: Baldwin, W.E.
Originator: Schwab, W.C.
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
High-Resolution Geophysical Data from the Inner Continental Shelf: Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2012-1002
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1002/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20040330
Ending_Date: 20110517
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Ackerman and others, 2013
Source_Contribution:
This report provided the source geophysical (sidescan, bathymetry, and seismic-reflection profiles) for Buzzards Bay. The mapping was conducted during research cruises aboard the NOAA Ship RUDE (2004), the Megan T. Miller (2009 and 2010) and the Scarlett Isabella (2011). The NOAA Ship RUDE acquired bathymetric soundings in 2004 using a RESON SeaBat 8125 455-kHz multibeam-echosounder system. All other surveys used the following systems: bathymetric data were acquired in the Buzzards Bay survey area using a Systems Engineering and Assessment, Ltd. (SEA) SWATHplus-M 234-kilohertz (kHz) interferometric sonar system; acoustic backscatter data were collected with a Klein 3000 dual-frequency sidescan-sonar (132 and 445 kHz); chirp seismic-reflection data were collected in the Buzzards Bay survey area using an EdgeTech Geo-Star FSSB subbottom profiling system and an SB-0512i towfish.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pendleton, E.A.
Originator: Andrews, B.D.
Originator: Danforth, W.W.
Originator: Foster, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
High-resolution geophysical data collected aboard the U.S. Geological Survey research vessel Rafael to supplement existing datasets from Buzzards Bay and Vineyard Sound, Massachusetts
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2013-1020
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1020/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100713
Ending_Date: 20110831
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Pendleton and others, 2014
Source_Contribution:
This report provided the source geophysical (sidescan, bathymetry, and seismic-reflection profiles) for Buzzards Bay in the area of Naushon Island and seismic reflection profiles in northeast Buzzards Bay. These areas were surveyed with the RV Rafael in 2010 and 2011. In 2010, seismic-reflection data were acquired with a boomer source and GeoEel 8-channel streamer. Interferometric-sonar, sidescan-sonar, and Knudsen seismic-reflection systems were deployed simultaneously during cruise 2011. Bathymetry data were collected with an SEA SWATHplus 234-kilohertz (kHz) interferometric sonar system. Sidescan-sonar (acoustic-backscatter) data were acquired with a Klein 3000 dual-frequency (100 and 500 kHz) sidescan-sonar system. of high-resolution chirp seismic data were collected using a dual frequency (3.5 and 200 kHz) Knudsen Engineering Limited (KEL) Chirp 3202 system.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ford, K.H.
Originator: Huntley, E.C.
Originator: Sampson, D.W.
Originator: Voss, S.
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title: Massachusetts Sediment Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
This sample database has been compiled and vetted from existing samples and datasets by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management. The data are currently unpublished, but may be acquired by contacting the CZM office: 251 Causeway St Boston, MA 02114 (617) 626-1000 czm@state.ma.us
Type_of_Source_Media: digital vector
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19950101
Ending_Date: 20110101
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: CZM sample database
Source_Contribution:
Sediment sample databases of Ford and Voss (2010) and McMullen and others (2011) were combined then edited and supplemented with NOAA chart sampling data and bottom photos and descriptions by a group of GIS specialists at the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (Emily Huntley, personal communication). These data contained sediment laboratory statistics when available, visual descriptions if sediment analysis was not performed or if the site was a bottom photograph, and classification fields of Barnhardt and others (1998), Shepard (1954), and Wentworth (1922) as well as average sediment statistics and phi size, when laboratory analysis was conducted.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Poppe, L.J.
Originator: McMullen, K.Y.
Originator: Foster, D.S.
Originator: Blackwood, D.S.
Originator: Williams, S.J.
Originator: Ackerman, S.D.
Originator: Barnum, S.R.
Originator: Brennan, R.T.
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Sea-floor character and sedimentary processes in the vicinity of Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open File Report
Issue_Identification: 2008-1004
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1004/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20010101
Ending_Date: 20110101
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Poppe and others, 2008
Source_Contribution:
This publication provides the source geophysical (backscatter and bathymetry) and bottom photographs and sediment samples for Woods Hole. Two 29-foot launches deployed from the NOAA Ship Whiting were used to acquire bathymetric and backscatter data during 2001. The bathymetric data were collected with a hull-mounted 240-kHz RESON 8101 shallow-water system aboard launch 1005. The sidescan-sonar data were acquired with a hull-mounted Klein T-5000 system operating at 455 kHz aboard launch 1014. Sediment samples and bottom photos were collected aboard the R/V Rafael with a modified Van Veen grab sampler and SEABOSS, respectively, in 2007.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ackerman, S.D.
Originator: Pappal, A.L.
Originator: Huntley, E.C.
Originator: Blackwood, D.S.
Originator: Schwab, W.C.
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Geological Sampling Data and Benthic Biota Classification: Buzzards Bay and Vineyard Sound, Massachusetts
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open file Report
Issue_Identification: 2014-1220
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141220
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2014
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Ackerman and others, 2014
Source_Contribution:
This report provided high-resolution digital photographs of the Buzzards Bay sea floor. At each station, the USGS SEABOSS was towed approximately one meter off the bottom at speeds of less than one knot. Because the recorded position is actually the position of the GPS antenna on the survey vessel, not the SEABOSS sampler, the estimated horizontal accuracy of the sample location is ± 30 meters (m). Photographs were obtained using a Konica-Minolta DiMAGE A2 digital still camera, and continuous video was collected from a Kongsberg Simrad OE1365 high-resolution color video camera, usually for 5 to 15 minutes. These data were important in defining rocky zones where sediment samples do not exist.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The texture and spatial distribution of sea-floor sediment were qualitatively-analyzed in ArcGIS using several input data sources (listed in the source contribution), including acoustic backscatter, bathymetry, seismic-reflection profile interpretations, bottom photographs, and sediment samples. In order to create the interpretation, first the polygon shapefile of the Massachusetts coast (1:25,000) OUTLINE25K_POLY (http://www.mass.gov/anf/research-and-tech/it-serv-and-support/application-serv/office-of-geographic-information-massgis/datalayers/outline.html) was reprojected from Massachusetts State Plane NAD83 to WGS84 UTM Zone 19N using ArcMap (version 9.3): ArcToolbox -- Data Management Tools -- Projections and Transformations -- Feature -- Project. The polygon was edited so that it enclosed Buzzards Bay and surrounding coastal embayments. The edited shapefile was imported to a file geodatabase as a feature dataset. Then physiographic zone polygons were created using 'cut polygon' and 'auto-complete polygon' in an edit session. In general, polygon editing was done at scales between 1:5,000 and 1:20,000, depending on the size of the traced feature and the resolution of the source data. Separate polygons exist where the adjacent physiographic zones are the same but have different confidence levels. The following numbered steps outline the workflow of the data interpretation. 1. Backscatter intensity data (available at 1 m resolution) was the first input. Changes in backscatter amplitude were digitized to outline possible changes in sea-floor texture on the basis of acoustic return. Areas of high backscatter (light colors) have strong acoustic reflections and suggests boulders, gravels, and generally coarse sea-floor sediments. Low-backscatter areas (dark colors) have weak acoustic reflections and are generally characterized by finer grained material such as muds and fine sands. 2. The polygons were then refined and edited using gradient, rugosity, and hillshaded relief images derived from interferometric and multibeam swath bathymetry and (available at 10 m resolutions). Areas of rough topography and high rugosity are typically associated with rocky areas, while smooth, low-rugosity regions tend to be blanketed by fine-grained sediment. These bathymetric derivatives helped to refine polygon boundaries where changes from primarily rock to primarily gravel may not have been apparent in backscatter data, but could easily be identified in hillshaded relief and slope changes. 3. The third data input (where available) was the stratigraphic interpretation of seismic-reflection profiles, which further constrained the extent and general shape of sea-floor sediment distributions and rocky outcrops, and also provided insight concerning the likely sediment texture of the feature on the basis of pre-Quaternary, glacial or post-glacial origin. Seismic lines and the surficial geologic maps derived from them and used here as input data were collected at typically 100-meter spacing, with tie-lines generally spaced 1-km apart. 4. After all the sea-floor features were traced from the geophysical data, a new field was created in the shapefile called 'sed_type'. Bottom photographs and sediment samples were used to define sediment texture for the polygons using Barnhardt and others (1998) classification. Some polygons had more than one sample, and some polygons lacked sample information. For multiple samples within a polygon, the dominant sediment texture (or average phi size) was used to classify sediment type (often aided by the 'data join' sediment statistics described in a later processing step). In rocky areas, bottom photos were used in the absence of sediment samples to qualitatively define sediment texture. Polygons that lacked sample information were texturally defined through extrapolation from adjacent or proximal polygons of similar acoustic character that did contain sediment samples. 325 samples of the over 10,625 total within the study area were analyzed in the laboratory for grain size. Samples with laboratory grain size analysis were preferred over visual descriptions when defining sediment texture throughout the study area. Bottom photo stations are typically around 2-km apart, and the density of sediment samples varies throughout the study area, with an average of 1.36 samples per square km, while rocky areas have almost no sediment samples.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: All
Process_Date: 2013
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-5488700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
After some additional qualitative polygon editing and reshaping was done in order to create a sediment map that was in the best agreement with all input data: lidar, bathymetry, backscatter, seismic interpretations, bottom photographs, and sediment samples, 3 more fields were added (ArcMap version 9.3.1). The first field, 'simple' is just 3 classes: sand, mud, or hardbottom. Another field 'phi_class' was created and defined using the Wentworth (1922) sediment classification, and finally, a field 'Data_confi' was added as a data interpretation confidence, which describes how confident we are in the interpretation the basis of the number and quality of the input data sources (see the entity and attribute sections for more information on these fields). The remaining fields contain sediment texture statistics or mean water depth information and were created and populated using data joins or zonal statistics functions within ArcMap (version 9.3.1). The fields beginning with "Avg_" and the "Count_" field were automatically generated by computing a data join where the CZM sample database (vector points) was edited to include only the samples with laboratory sediment analysis and joined to the qualitatively-derived polygon file. Each polygon was given an average of the numeric attributes of the points (with laboratory grain size analysis) that fall inside it, and the count field shows how many laboratory analyzed points fall inside it. 325 samples were analyzed in the laboratory. Several fields that were not wanted were deleted after the join. A mean water depth (NAVD 88) field was created using ArcMap (version 9.3): ArcToolbox ? Spatial Analyst Tools ? Zonal -- Zonal Statistics as Table, where the mean water depth for each polygon (input zone data using the zone field sed_type) was derived from the input raster topographic and bathymetric grid (<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2014/XXX/GIS_catalog/SourceData/bathy/). No data raster values were ignored in determining the output value for each polygon zone. If all raster values were null within a polygon, that zone had a null value (changed to -999) for that zone. The output was saved to a table, which was joined with the sediment type polygon shapefile. All of the joined fields except MEAN were turned off, and the joined shapefile was exported to a new shapefile.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: All
Process_Date: 2013
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Finally, a feature dataset was generated inside a file geodatabase (ArcCatalog version 9.3.1) and the shapefile was imported to a feature class, and new topology rules were established to make sure that there were no overlapping polygons or accidental gaps between adjacent polygons. The topology error inspector (ArcMap version 9.3.1) was used to find topology errors and fix them. Overlapping polygon errors and gaps were fixed. Area fields were generated automatically for all polygons in the geodatabase. The data were then exported to a shapefile and the polygons were reprojected from UTM Zone 19N, WGS84 to GCS WGS84.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: All
Process_Date: 2013
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.32 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). Empty fields were deleted. Links to the data were fixed. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20160512
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 1149
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: BuzzardsBay_sedcover
Entity_Type_Definition: Sediment Cover shapefile for Buzzards Bay
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: data_confi
Attribute_Definition:
Each interpreted polygon was assigned a data interpretation confidence value from 1-4 on the basis of the quality and number of input data sources.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sediment texture regions that were defined on the basis of the highest resolution bathymetry (10m) and backscatter (1m), bottom photos, sediment samples with laboratory analysis, and seismic interpretations were given the highest data interpretation confidence value of 1.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sediment texture regions that were defined on the basis of the highest resolution bathymetry (10m) and backscatter (1m), bottom photos, qualitative descriptions of sediment samples, and seismic interpretations were given the data interpretation confidence value of 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sediment texture regions that were defined on the basis of low resolution single beam bathymetry and sediment samples descriptions were given the data interpretation confidence value of 3. Exceptions occur for three polygons (FID 917, 932 and 1148) where only one laboratory sample is in each polygon. These polygons were not included in confidence level 2 where high quality geophysical data exists.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sediment texture regions that were defined on the basis of low resolution single beam bathymetry were given the lowest (4) data interpretation confidence value of 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: sed_type
Attribute_Definition:
Bottom-type classification on the basis of twelve composite units that represent combinations of four end-member units (R= rock; G= gravel; S= sand; M= mud).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: R
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The end-member texture (= or > 90%) Rock (R) is the primary texture.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: G
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The end-member texture (= or > 90%) Gravel (G) is the primary texture.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Gs
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Gravel (G) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) sand (s) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: S
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The end-member texture (= or > 90%) Sand (S) is the primary texture.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sg
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Sand (S) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) gravel (g) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sm
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Sand (S) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) mud (m) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Ms
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Mud (M) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) sand (s) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: M
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The end-member texture (= or > 90%) Mud (M) is the primary texture.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Rg
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Rock (R) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) gravel (g) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Rs
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Rock (R) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) sand (s) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Rm
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Rock (R) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) mud (m) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Gr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Gravel (G) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) rock (r) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Sand (S) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) rock (r) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Mr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
The dominant texture (> 50%) Mud (M) is given the upper case letter and the subordinate texture (< 50%) rock (r) is given a lower case letter.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: Barnhardt and others (1998)
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: simple
Attribute_Definition:
sediment nomenclature on the basis of 3 simple classes: sand, mud, hardbottom as defined in the CZM sample database
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sediment whose primary component (> 50%) is sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: hardbottom
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sediment whose primary component is rock, boulder, cobble, or coarse gravel
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: mud
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sediment whose primary component (> 50%) is silt and clay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: phi_class
Attribute_Definition:
Sediment class as defined by Wentworth classification determined using laboratory analyzed samples in the CZM sample database. Null values are indicated as -999.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Wentworth (1922)
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: coarse pebbles
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -4 and -5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: coarse silt
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 4 and 5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: coarse sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 0 and 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: cobble
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -6 and -8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: fine pebbles
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -2 and -3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: fine sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 2 and 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: fine silt
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 6 and 7
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: granules
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -1 and -2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: medium pebbles
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -3 and -4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: medium sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 2 and 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: medium silt
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 5 and 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: very coarse pebbles
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between -5 and -6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: very coarse sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 0 and -1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: very fine sand
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 3 and 4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: very fine silt
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: sediment class whose phi size is between 7 and 8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: N/A
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
sediment class whose phi size could not be determined from grain size data or there were no samples with laboratory analyzed grain size statistics within the polygon
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Area
Attribute_Definition:
Area of feature in kilometers squared using UTM, zone 19, WGS 84.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.000069
Range_Domain_Maximum: 132.783
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: kilometers
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.000001
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count_
Attribute_Definition:
The number of sediment samples (with laboratory analyzed grain size statistics) that occur within each qualitatively-derived polygon. This field is automatically generated by Esri when point data (sample database) is joined to a polygon (sediment texture interpretation). A value of zero indicates there are no samples within that polygon.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Esri
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 56
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: count
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Avg_Gravel
Attribute_Definition:
Average percent weight (%) gravel (as determined from samples with laboratory analyzed grain size statistics) within each qualitatively derived polygon. This field was automatically generated by Esri as a summary of the numeric attributes of the points that fall inside a polygon when point data (sample database) is joined to a polygon (sediment texture interpretation).
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 74.45
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Avg_Sand
Attribute_Definition:
Average percent weight (%) sand within each qualitatively derived polygon. This field was automatically generated by Esri as a summary of the numeric attributes of the points that fall inside a polygon when point data (sample database) is joined to a polygon (sediment texture interpretation).
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 5.94
Range_Domain_Maximum: 99.73
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Avg_Silt
Attribute_Definition:
Average percent weight (%) silt within each qualitatively derived polygon. This field was automatically generated by Esri as a summary of the numeric attributes of the points that fall inside a polygon when point data (sample database) is joined to a polygon (sediment texture interpretation).
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 71.25
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Avg_Clay
Attribute_Definition:
Average percent weight (%) clay within each qualitatively derived polygon. This field was automatically generated by Esri as a summary of the numeric attributes of the points that fall inside a polygon when point data (sample database) is joined to a polygon (sediment texture interpretation).
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 37.64
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: percent
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Avg_PHI
Attribute_Definition:
Average phi size within each qualitatively derived polygon (-999 is a no data value, which means there were no samples with laboratory analyzed grain size statistics within that polygon)
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -3.41
Range_Domain_Maximum: 7.09
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: phi
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: MEAN
Attribute_Definition:
Average water depth (NAVD 88) within each qualitatively derived polygon.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -34.61
Range_Domain_Maximum: -0.931
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.000001
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Shapefile
Format_Version_Number: ArcMap 9.3.1
Format_Specification: Esri Polygon Shapefile
Format_Information_Content:
WinZip v. 14.5 file contains qualitatively derived polygons that define sea floor texture and distribution from Buzzards Bay, MA and the associated metadata
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or pkUnzip
Transfer_Size: 2.0
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Fees: None
Technical_Prerequisites:
These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri) shapefile format. The user must have software capable of importing and processing this data type.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

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