1-meter swath bathymetric grid collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire in 2005 (UTM Zone 19N, WGS 84, Esri Binary Grid, WINNI_BATHY)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
1-meter swath bathymetric grid collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire in 2005 (UTM Zone 19N, WGS 84, Esri Binary Grid, WINNI_BATHY)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/F71N7Z4H
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F71N7Z4H
Online_Linkage: Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Denny, J.F.
Originator: Danforth, W.W.
Originator: Worley, C.R.
Originator: Irwin, B.J.
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
High-resolution geophysical and sample data collected in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire in 2005, USGS Field Activity 2005-004-FA
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/F71N7Z4H
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F71N7Z4H
Description:
Abstract:
In freshwater bodies of New Hampshire, the most problematic aquatic invasive plant species is Myriophyllum heterophyllum or variable leaf water-milfoil. Once established, variable leaf water-milfoil forms dense beds that can alter the limnologic characteristics of a waterbody, impacting natural lacustrine communities and their habitats. Variable leaf water-milfoil infestations also disrupt recreational uses of waterbodies and have negatively affected swimming, boating, fishing, and property values in and around several lakes and ponds in New Hampshire.
In 1965, Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee became the first waterbody in New Hampshire where variable leaf water-milfoil was observed. Variable leaf water-milfoil is native to the Southeastern and Midwestern areas of the United States where more alkaline waters appear to limit the growth of this plant. Outside its native range, however, it adapts well to the relatively acidic, low-alkalinity, and nutrient-poor conditions of oligotrophic lakes and bays similar to Moultonborough Bay.
In 2005, the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) collaborated with the U.S. Geological Survey to investigate the distribution (presence and density) of variable leaf water-milfoil in Moultonborough Bay. This study utilized geophysical systems and conventional water-quality measurements to identify lake-floor environments that may provide suitable habitat for the establishment and growth of variable leaf water-milfoil. The results of the study are intended to assist resource managers in federal and state agencies by providing methods for detecting variable leaf water-milfoil and for identifying areas susceptible to infestation. Ultimately, this information may lead to early detection, prevention, and more effective mitigation strategies .
Field activity information for this cruise is available on-line through the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fa=2005-004-FA.
Purpose:
This grid represents approximately 37 kilometers of bathymetric data collected in 2005. These data were collected using an interferometric sonar (Systems Engineering and Assessment Ltd. (SEA) 2000 series) by the U.S. Geological Survey during USGS survey 2005-04-FA. These bathymetric data were used to define the morphology of the bay floor in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire as part of a collaborative USGS and New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services research program to assess the distribution of variable leaf water-milfoil. The morphology of the bay floor aids in defining the physical characteristics of specific benthic habitat environments within the bay.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20050726
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.392577
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.358662
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.729994
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.709154
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology
Theme_Keyword: field activity number 2005-004-FA
Theme_Keyword: USGS CMGP InfoBank ID R-1-05-NH
Theme_Keyword: field activity number 05004
Theme_Keyword: bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: swath bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: interferometry
Theme_Keyword: SEA Submetrix 2000 series
Theme_Keyword: R/V Rafael
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: New Hampshire
Place_Keyword: Lake Winnipesaukee
Place_Keyword: Moultonborough Bay
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
These data are NOT to be used for navigation. Mariners should refer to the appropriate nautical chart. Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x 2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Depth-colored image of bathymetry
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows Vista Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.4095
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Denise M. Argue
Originator: Richard G. Kiah
Originator: Jane F. Denny
Originator: Jeffrey R. Deacon
Originator: William W. Danforth
Originator: Craig M. Johnston
Originator: Amy P. Smagula
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Relation of Lake-Floor Characteristics to the Distribution of Variable Leaf Water-Milfoil in Moultonborough Bay, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire, 2005
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-5125
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5125/
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Jonathan Beaudoin
Publication_Date: 2002
Title: Hitchhiker's Guide to Swathed...
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: online
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Online Manual
Issue_Identification:
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Publisher: University of New Brunswick Ocean Mapping Group
Online_Linkage:
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
This grid represents interpolated data; processed to account for gaps that occurred along-track and between adjacent lines.
Completeness_Report:
Lines 43 - 112 of swath bathymetric data were used to generate the bathymetric grid. Data gaps present within the grid fall within areas of the bay that were too shallow to access with the R/V Rafael. Data gaps along the coastline are due to insufficient bottom coverage with the SEA Submetrix 2000 Series system. Data from tieline L110f1 was not used in the bathymetric grid because of the poor quality of the bathymetric data.
Lines 1 - 42 were collected during JD206 and completely covered the survey area, however the sidescan-sonar system (Edgetech 4200) failed during survey operations. The backup sidescan-sonar system (Klein 3000 sidescan-sonar) was configured during JD207. As such, the survey area was resurveyed on JD 207 and those data were used for generating bathymetric surfaces and interpretations.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Navigation was acquired with Wide Area Augmentation System ( WAAS), which is accurate to + or - 1 to 2 meters, horizontally. The forward, or primary, Coda Octopus F180R Attitude and Positioning system antenna was used to acquire data and transmit via a network connection to the SEA RTS2000 data collection software. The F180R Attitude and Positioning system uses 2 L1 antennas for position and heading and an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) for motion sensing. The F180R IMU is mounted on the rigid bow mount used to deploy the SEA Submetrix 2000 Series bathymetric system, and is located directly above the SEA Submetrix 2000 Series transducers. The F180R antennas are mounted on a rigid horizontal pole, 3 meters above the F180R IMU, offset in a forward/aft configuration. These offsets were corrected within the RTS2000 acquisition software.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) navigation was used to record vertical positioning of bathymetric soundings during data acquisition. WAAS is a GPS-based navigation system providing precision guidance to aircraft and provides vertical accuracies of + or - 1.5 meters. Higher precision vertical positioning (for example, RTK-navigation) was not available during this survey effort.
Vertical accuracy of the raw data based on system specifications may approximate 1% of water depth, 0.01 to 0.15 meters within the survey area. However, overall vertical accuracies on the order of + or - 1 meter are assumed based on the following considerations: WAAS navigation vertical accuracies; the Coda Octopus F180 Attitude and Positioning system, used to correct for vessel roll, pitch, heave, and yaw, has a theoretical vertical accuracy of a few mm; refraction artifacts were minimized by acquiring a range of sound velocity profiles with a hand-casted Applied MicroSystems SV Plus sound velocimeter during the survey. Changes in ship draft due to water and fuel usage were not considered.
Absolute water level values are reported as meters and referenced to Mean Lake Level, which is defined to be 504.32 meters above Mean Sea Level (NGVD29). Mean Lake Level measured during the USGS geophysical survey (July 24 - July 30, 2005) averaged 4 feet above Mean Lake Level as reported by the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (http://des.nh.gov/index.htm). This value (4 feet (1.3 meters)) is within the vertical accuracy of the survey. Therefore no additional offsets were applied to the data in order to reference to Mean Lake Level.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title: Raw Bathymetric Data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20050726
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: none
Source_Contribution:
Swath-bathymetric and acoustic-backscatter data were acquired with a SEA, Ltd., Submetrix 2000 Series interferometric sonar operating at a 234-kHz frequency. The SEA Submetrix 2000 Series transducers were mounted at the bow of the USGS R/V Rafael. Approximately 37 km of swath bathymetric data were collected.
SEA RTS2000 acquisition software (version year 2005) was used to digitally log the bathymetric data at a maximum 50 meter range (100 meter swath width) and 2048 samples per ping in the SEA SXR format. In shallow water areas, the swath width did not achieve the full 50-meter range, but varied from roughly 5x water depth to the maximum 50-meter range (i.e. swath width varied from approximately 15 meter to 100 meters depending on water depth). Data collection parameters are saved as a RTS2000 session file in SEA SXS format.
An Octopus F180R Attitude and Positioning system (see: http://www.codaoctopus.com/motion/f180/index.asp) recorded ship motion (heave, pitch, roll, and yaw). These data were transmitted via network connection to the RTS2000 data acquisition software. The Octopus F180R Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) was mounted directly above the SEA Submetrix 2000 Series transducers, to minimize lever arm offsets that can lead to positioning errors. The F180R uses two L1 antennas for position and heading accuracy. The antennas are mounted on a rigid horizontal pole, 3 meters above the F180R IMU, with a horizontal separation of 1 meter and are offset from the IMU in a forward/aft configuration. The forward offset of the primary antenna from the IMU is 0.5 meters, with no port/starboard offset.
Eight sound-velocity profiles were acquired during survey operations at roughly 1 to 3 hour intervals using an Applied Microsystems SV Plus Velocimeter (Applied Microsystems, 2008). Sound-velocity profiles 1 - 3 were collected during JD 206 for lines 1 - 42. Sound-velocity profiles 4 - 8 were collected during JD207 for lines 43 - 112. Only lines 43 - 112 were used to generate the final bathymetric grid.
Vertical accuracy of the raw data based on system specifications may approximate 1% of water depth, 0.01 to 0.15 meters within the survey area. However, overall vertical accuracies on the order of + or - 1 meter are assumed based on the following considerations: WAAS navigation vertical accuracies; the Coda Octopus F180 Attitude and Positioning system, used to correct for vessel roll, pitch, heave, and yaw, has a theoretical vertical accuracy of a few mm; refraction artifacts were minimized by acquiring a range of sound velocity profiles with a hand-casted Applied MicroSystems SV Plus sound velocimeter during the survey. Changes in ship draft due to water and fuel usage were not considered. Vertical resolution is on the order of 0.1 meters.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Converting Raw (SXR) to Field-Processed (SXP) Files:
Raw SXR bathymetry data were acquired with the SEA RTS2000 (version year 2005) software and used to generate field-processed SEA RTS2000 SXP files. The following information was stored within the RTS2000 session files and applied to the raw bathymetric soundings: eight sound velocity profiles to minimize refraction artifacts due to fluctuations from the speed of sound in the water column, roll offsets calculated during pre-survey patch test, draft of the transducer below the water line, and the measured angles and relative positions of the swath bathymetric transducers. The RTS2000 software applies the pitch, roll, heave, yaw and heading data supplied by the F180R IMU, to compensate depth solutions across the swath for any ship motion. Some bathymetric filtering was applied during acquisition, however final processing, filtering and editing were completed with The University of New Brunswick, Ocean Mapping Group (OMG) SwathEd software suite (see process step 2).
Jane F. Denny performed this and all subsequent process steps.
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02536
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Generating Bathymetric Grid: University of New Brunswick, Ocean Mapping Group (OMG) SwathEd Multibeam Processing Software (Beaudoin, 2002)
1) Bathymetric data (raw SXR files), sound velocity profiles, and system configuration information (antenna offsets, transducer offsets, water level, attitude and positioning) were used to generate a composite bathymetric grid using the University of New Brunswick's Ocean Mapping Group (OMG) SwathEd multibeam processing software. The raw Submetrix 2000 Series data were "unraveled" and reformatted into the OMG format. This process creates several files on disk: a) bathymetric soundings (*.merged) b) raw backscatter (*.ss) c) navigation (*.ascii_nav and *.nav) d) parameter files describing the configuration of the system (i.e. offsets between motion reference unit and GPS antenna, etc.). This process also incorporates the sound velocity profiles in order to properly account for any refraction due to fluctuations in the speed of sound within the water column. (All data were processed, however only lines 43 - 112 were used to generate the bathymetric grid).
2) The OMG formatted bathymetric data (*.merged) were then graphically edited on a line-by-line basis using the SwathEd multibeam processing software. This enabled editing individual lines on a "ping-by-ping" basis, both in the across- and along-track dimension. Spurious or erroneous data were removed. The navigation data (*.nav) were also graphically examined for each line of data.
3) SwathEd Software was used to grid the bathymetric data at 1 m grid cell size utilizing the following 'weigh_grid' command.
weigh_grid -omg -butter -power 2 -cutoff 2 -lambda 0.5 bathy_grid *.merged
4) The gridded data were then viewed using the SwathEd Jview command in order to assess roll misalignment and any remaining navigational errors. The PatchTool (a Quality Control tool) was used to assess the roll misalignment of the data that can arise due to the minor offsets in the nominal transducer angles entered in the configuration file and used during data processing. After editing was completed, the corrected roll values and navigation were remerged with the OMG-formatted bathymetric data (*.merged) using the mergeNav and mergeAtt commands.
mergeNav -use_params 0 -nav *.nav -swath *.merged)
5) The remerged data were regridded to assess if further edits were needed.
weigh_grid -omg -butter -power 2 -cutoff 2 -lambda 0.5 bathy_grid *.merged
The roll misalignment artifacts were no longer visible in the gridded data and spurious navigation positions were removed.
6) The 1 meter grid was then exported to an xyz ASCII file format. (r4toASCII -utm -merid -69 bathy_1m.xyz)
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Import to ArcGIS (version 9.0):
The exported data (bathy_1m.xyz, floating point) were then imported to ArcGIS 9.0 using the ASCIItoRaster command (Conversion Tools - To Raster - ASCIItoRaster). The projection was then defined: UTM, zone 19 projection, WGS84 Ellipsoid.
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The online links to the data were updated to reflect the new server hosting the data. Additionally, other small edits could be made to the metadata, such as modifying http to https where appropriate. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes.
Process_Date: 20170406
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 2240
Column_Count: 2670
Vertical_Count: 1
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 19
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -69.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 1.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 1.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Mean Lake Level
Depth_Resolution: 0.1
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Explicit depth coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Value
Entity_Type_Definition: Depth in meters relative to Mean Lake Level
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Esri
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Swath bathymetry in Esri ArcRaster format. Data values represent depth in meters referenced to Mean Lake Level.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Esri
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
The file winni_bathy.zip contains the Esri binary grid (in the folders winni_bathy and info). In addition to the grid, the zip file also contains the browse graphic (winni_bathy.jpg) and the FGDC CSDGM metadata in the following formats: XML, HTML, FAQ and text.
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: AIG
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 9.0
Format_Specification: Esri Raster GRID format
Format_Information_Content:
Zip file containing the ArcRaster grid of swath bathymetric data from the Moultonborough Bay survey area. This also includes associated metadata.
File_Decompression_Technique: Use WinZip, 7zip, Peazip or pkUnzip
Transfer_Size: 2.9
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the Internet
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
These data are available as a ArcInfo 32-bit floating point binary grid in Esri format. The floating point binary grid and associated 'info' folder are stored in one folder 'grid' that has been compressed using WinZip (ver. 17.5) software. To utilize these data, the user must have software capable of uncompressing the zip file and importing and viewing an Esri ArcRaster grid. The zip file also contains associated metadata.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20170406
Metadata_Review_Date: 2013
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

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