1-meter resolution sidescan-sonar mosaic image collected by the U.S. Geological Survey along the Delmarva Peninsula, MD and VA in 2015 (8-bit GeoTIFF, UTM Zone 18N, WGS 84)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
1-meter resolution sidescan-sonar mosaic image collected by the U.S. Geological Survey along the Delmarva Peninsula, MD and VA in 2015 (8-bit GeoTIFF, UTM Zone 18N, WGS 84)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/F7P55KK3
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:
Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7P55KK3
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Edward M. Sweeney
Originator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Originator: Seth D. Ackerman
Originator: Brian D. Andrews
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: William W. Danforth
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: E. Robert Thieler
Originator: Laura L. Brothers
Publication_Date: 2016
Title:
High-resolution geophysical data collected along the Delmarva Peninsula 2015, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2015-001-FA
Edition: 2.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/F7P55KK3
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7P55KK3
Description:
Abstract:
The Delmarva Peninsula is a 220-kilometer-long headland, spit, and barrier island complex that was significantly affected by Hurricane Sandy in the fall of 2012. The U.S. Geological Surveys conducted cruises during the summers of 2014 and 2015 to map the inner continental shelf of the Delmarva Peninsula using geophysical and sampling techniques to define the geologic framework that governs coastal system evolution at storm-event and longer timescales. Geophysical data collected during the cruises include swath bathymetric, sidescan sonar, chirp and boomer seismic reflection profiles, grab sample and bottom photograph data. More information about the USGS survey conducted as part of the Hurricane Sandy Response-- Geologic Framework and Coastal Vulnerability Study can be found at the project website or on the WHCMSC Field Activity Web pages: https://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/project-pages/delmarva/, https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2014-002-FA and https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2015-001-FA. Data collected during the 2014 survey can be obtained here: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7MW2F60
Purpose:
This 1-m backscatter mosaic was created from 100 kHz Edgetech sidescan sonar data. Backscatter mosaic images are useful geophysical datasets for geologic framework studies. These data can be used in conjunction with other geophysical and sample data to identify sea-floor morphology and sediment texture.
Supplemental_Information:
The 1-m backscatter mosaic did not need to be updated for the 2nd edition data release and has not changed since the 1st edition.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20150617
Ending_Date: 20150714
Currentness_Reference:
ground condition; data were not collected on 20150628 (transition between Legs 1 and 2 of the survey)
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned.
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.908519
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.061073
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.854775
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 36.995183
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Sidescan Sonar
Theme_Keyword: Edgetech 4200
Theme_Keyword: backscatter
Theme_Keyword: GeoTIFF
Theme_Keyword: mosaic image
Theme_Keyword: field activity number 2015-001-FA
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Delmarva Peninsula
Place_Keyword: Delaware
Place_Keyword: Maryland
Place_Keyword: Virginia
Place_Keyword: Assateague Island
Place_Keyword: Assateague Island National Seashore
Place_Keyword: Chincoteague Island
Place_Keyword: Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge
Place_Keyword: Chincoteague Inlet
Place_Keyword: Chincoteague Bay
Place_Keyword: Wallops Island
Place_Keyword: Parramore Island
Place_Keyword: Cobb Island
Place_Keyword: Wreck Island
Place_Keyword: Ship Shoal Island
Place_Keyword: Myrtle Island
Place_Keyword: Smith Island
Place_Keyword: Fisherman Island
Place_Keyword: Hog Island
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: sea floor
Stratum_Keyword: seafloor
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Edward M. Sweeney
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2256
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: emsweeney@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Thumbnail image of regional sidescan sonar mosaic for Delmarva Peninsula.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Originator: Seth D. Ackerman
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: William W. Danforth
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: E. Robert Thieler
Originator: Laura L. Brothers
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
High-resolution geophysical data collected along the Delmarva Peninsula 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-002-FA
Edition: 3.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: webpage
Series_Information:
Series_Name: data release
Issue_Identification: DOI:10.5066/F7MW2F60
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7MW2F60
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These sidescan sonar data were collected at 200 m line spacing to ensure 100 percent backscatter coverage. The M/V Scarlet Isabella can only survey in water depths greater than 8 m, so there are gaps in the mosaics where the vessel had to avoid crossing shoals. These gaps were planned with breaks in tracklines or maneuvers around the shoals. Most of the data were acquired roughly parallel to the orientation of the Delmarva Peninsula at an average speed of 5 knots. Line numbering in the sidescan sonar data begins with L40F1, which corresponds to the survey line where sidescan data collection began after the multi-channel seismic reflection profiling survey.
Completeness_Report:
Cross lines (L123-20150704_122457-CH12, L123-20150704_132335-CH12, L125-20150704_132802-CH12, L143-20150705_194038-CH12) are not included in this sidescan sonar mosaic. However, all of the other Edgetech data collected during field activity 2015-001-FA are included in this mosaic and were processed with SonarWiz versions 6.01.0009 (onboard) and 6.01.0026 (post-survey). Edgetech data were not collected during the entire survey. While regional seismic-reflection profile lines were being acquired with an S-Boom system between 20150610 and 20150618, the Edgetech 4200 remained on deck to avoid signal crosstalk and instrument entanglement.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
During Field activity 2015-001-FA, the Edgetech 4200 was towed from the stern A-frame of the M/V Scarlett Isabella. Position data were acquired using a Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) enabled Hemisphere Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) receiver. Horizontal position solutions were recorded to the raw data files (JSF and XTF) via Edgetech Discover version 34.0.1.106 acquisition software (lines L40F1 to L47F1) and SonarWiz software version 6.01.0009 (lines L47F3 to L183-20150714_134804) on the sonar acquisition computer. The GPS antenna was mounted on the forward port side of the acquisition lab van. All GPS data during this survey were referenced to the WGS 84 horizontal datum. The horizontal offsets between the GPS antenna and the sheave on the A-frame were measured prior to the survey (x: +3.76 m; y: -12.76 m; z: 1.0 m). The side-scan tow cable was deployed through a 3PS digital block cable counter attached to the A-frame. Real-time cable-out measurements were transmitted via serial connection to the Discover and SonarWiz acquisition software, which calculated tow-fish layback. All horizontal offsets were applied in the acquisition software so the navigation recorded in the JSF and XTF data reflect the position including the layback offset. The layback calculations do not account for fish motion behind the vessel, which is caused by sea state and vessel speed induced changes in the angle and scope of the tow cable. DGPS horizontal positional accuracy is estimated to be within 3-5 m; WAAS enable GPS is estimated to be less than 2 m. Taking the additional fish motion and cable movement into account, as well as the mosaicking process, the positional accuracy for this dataset is estimated to be within 20 m.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title: raw interferometric data in .sxr format
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20150617
Ending_Date: 20150714
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition; data were not collected on 20150628 (transition between Legs 1 and 2 of the survey).
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: raw backscatter
Source_Contribution:
Sidescan sonar data were collected with an Edgetech 4200 dual frequency (100/410 kHz) frequency modulated sidescan-sonar towfish on the M/V Scarlet Isablella. The sonar was towed from the stern A-frame of the vessel. A 3PS digital block cable counter was used to measure the amount of tow cable deployed, and cable out values were transmitted via serial connection to the Edgetech Discover (version 34.0.1.106) acquisition software (lines L40F1 to L47F1) and SonarWiz software (version 6.01.0009) (lines L47F3 to L183-20150714_134804) on the sonar acquisition computer for layback calculation. Tracklines are generally spaced 200m apart.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Raw XTF format Edgetech sidescan data (100 kHz) were imported into SonarWiz version 6.01.0009 software on the M/V Scarlet Isabella for preliminary shipboard processing. Each line received a bottom tracking correction to remove the water column at nadir. SonarWiz has an automatic bottom-tracking algorithm that generally performs well in most coastal settings. Auto tracking parameters for this survey were set to a blanking value of 4; a duration value of 2; and a threshold of 19 with line smoothing turned on. Some lines required further adjustment to the auto bottom tracking delineation, which can be addressed by manually editing the altitude line in SonarWiz. There was a 0.3 m additional altitude offset applied to the bottom tracking, in order to minimize nadir beam pattern noise in parts of the mosaic. The only gain function applied in SonarWiz during shipboard processing was an empirical gain normalization function (EGN). The Overlap Mode in the SonarWiz project was set to Cover Up, which displays backscatter data from the overlying swath line only and does not make adjustments (average, root mean square, etc.) between data in overlapping swaths.
Process_Date: 20150714
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Edward M. Sweeney
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2256
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: emsweeney@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The sidescan sonar mosaic was split into 2 separate images (north and south survey areas) and exported from SonarWiz version 6.01.0026 as 8-bit GeoTIFFs (UTM Zone 18N, WGS 84) at 1-m resolution. High backscatter values are shown by light tones and low backscatter values are shown by dark tones in the imagery. The 2 GeoTIFF images were opened in ArcMap version 10.3.1 and mosaicked into 1 GeoTIFF file using the MOSAIC TO NEW RASTER tool. A world file with the same prefix file name and .tfw extension was created in ArcMap version 10.3.1 using EXPORT RASTER WORLD FILE tool.
Process_Date: 20151104
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Edward M. Sweeney
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2256
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: emsweeney@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The online links to the data were updated to reflect the new server hosting the data. Additionally, other small edits could be made to the metadata, such as modifying http to https where appropriate. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes.
Process_Date: 20170419
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 94989
Column_Count: 74493
Vertical_Count: 1
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 18N
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -75
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 1.0
Ordinate_Resolution: 1.0
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
There are no attributes associated with a GeoTIFF image. Pixel values for the GeoTIFF have a possible 8-bit pixel range of 0 to 255. However, the acoustic reflectivity data range from 1 to 237, with the NO DATA value at 238 (pixel values 0 and 239 to 255 fall outside the range of the data values). Low-backscatter is represented by dark tones (low values) and high-backscatter is represented by bright tones (high values). The background color is set to 238 and can be turned off without removing data values.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Edward M. Sweeney
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2256
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: emsweeney@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
USGS data release 2015-001-FA backscatter mosaic from the Delmarva Peninsula area (2015-001-FA_sss.zip). The zip file contains the following a GeoTIFF image: 2015-001-FA_sss.tif, which has a TIFF world file, with the same image prefix name and a .tfw extension. A browse graphic (2015-001-FA_sss_browse.jpg) and Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM) metadata files (2015-001-FA_sss.xml) in four standard formats are also included in the zip file.
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: GeoTIFF
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Specification: GeoTIFF image file
Format_Information_Content:
GeoTIFF image file and TFW world file derived from sonar data collected during USGS field activity 2015-001-FA. This also includes associated metadata.
File_Decompression_Technique: Use WinZip, 7zip, Peazip or pkUnzip
Transfer_Size: 734
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the Internet
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
This zip file contains GeoTIFF image files and associated metadata files. To utilize these data, the user must have software capable of viewing GeoTIFF image files.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20170419
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Edward M. Sweeney
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: Massachusetts
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2256
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: emsweeney@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

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