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Data Release

Data Release for the BOEM-USGS Study of the Regional Importance of Manmade Structures as Rockfish Nurseries in the Santa Barbara Channel

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BOEM Intra-Agency Agreement M10PG00082

By Guy R. Cochrane


Suggested Citation:

Cochrane, G.R., 2015, Data Release for the BOEM-USGS study of the Regional Importance of Manmade Structures as Rockfish Nurseries in the Santa Barbara Channel, USGS Data Release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7QF8QXF


Background

To obtain an ecosystem-level understanding of the OCS, biological and physicaldatabases must be integrated. To date, most ecological studies are restricted in scale due tolimited funds and information. With the completion of region-wide oceanographic and geologic surveys, it is timely to link and expand biological surveys to match the spatial scale of these physical databases. Such integration will be important to all aspects of permitting, mitigation and decommissioning decisions of the OCS. The majority of marine species observed at oil platforms and natural reefs do not reside in these habitats for their entire life history. Population connectivity within and among habitats varies according to the life history of each species, oceanographic patterns, and distribution of hard bottom. One consequence of a spatially complex life history is that impacts of a reefed platform may propagate across regions and habitats and affect other populations. Therefore, some understanding of connectivity processes, both physical and biological, must precede predictions regarding the environmental consequences of platform decommissioning alternatives. We now have sufficient knowledge to address these large scale questions. Shallow water habitats of platforms are of particular interest to BOEM because these habitats function as nurseries to commercially important juvenile rockfishes, and because potential decommissioning options eliminate this habitat. BOEM information needs thus include establishing how the removal of such habitat will impact regional environments. This study is one of a series of juvenile rockfish studies in the POCS. Previously, BOEM funded the study Assessing the Fate of Juvenile Rockfish at Offshore Platforms and Natural Reefs in the Santa Barbara Channel NSL PC-04-02, which performed a longitudinal study on the fate of juvenile rockfish if platforms were not present. During FYs 2008-2011, BOEM will support the study Spatial and Seasonal Variation in the Biomass and Size Distribution of Juvenile Fishes Associated with a Petroleum Platform off the California Coast, which will use a hydroacoustic array to collect fine-scale data on the abundance and species composition of juvenile fishes recruiting to one platform. Using the GIS, this proposed study will extrapolate this fine-scale information across the regional scale. To accomplish this, new field data has to be collected across a regional scale concurrently with the above study (recruitment in spring of 2009 and/or 2010) because of the annual natural of juvenile rockfish recruitment. The proposed study represents a critical next step in a coordinated program that extends local scale studies across the entire region of interest to OCS activities.

Objectives

The overall objective of this study is to begin to integrate region-wide oceanographic, geologic, and biologic data so BOEM has an ecosystem-level synthesis of the marine environment on which to base management decisions. The initial efforts in applying this synthesis will focus on understanding the regional importance of platform habitat as rockfish nurseries in order to predict consequences of decommissioning to EFH and managed fish species.

Data

New GIS data available from multiple sources has been modified for the purpose of characterizing the seafloor for the Regional Importance of Manmade Structures as Rockfish Nurseries study. Substrate was classified from multibeam sonar using the method of (Cochrane 2008) for this study. Sea floor character derived from multibeam sonar data is available for the mainland coast within the study area from the California State Waters Mapping Program (Johnson et al. 2012, Johnson et al. 2013a, Johnson et al. 2013b, Johnson et al. 2013c). The number of substrate classes was reduced because rugosity could not be derived for all areas due to the lack of bathymetry data for other data sets used in the study. Substrate was classified from sidescan sonar data using the method of (Cochrane and Lafferty, 2002) for this study. Sea floor character derived from towed sidescan sonar data is available for the mainland coast within the study area from USGS online publications (Cochrane and others, 2003; Cochrane and others, 2005). The number of substrate classes was reduced because rugosity could not be derived for all areas due to the lack of bathymetry data for other data sets used in the study. Sea floor character was derived from interpretations of lidar data available for the mainland coast within the study area from the California State Waters Mapping Program (Johnson et al. 2012, Johnson et al. 2013a, Johnson et al. 2013b, Johnson et al. 2013c). The number of substrate classes was reduced because rugosity could not be derived for all areas. Sea floor character was derived from interpretations of air photo derived kelp distribution data available for the Santa Cruz Island (Kushner and others 2013). The number of substrate classes was reduced because rugosity could not be derived for all areas.

References Cited

Cochrane, Guy R., Nasby, Nicole M., Reid, Jane A., Waltenberger, Ben, Lee, Kristen M., 2003, Nearshore Benthic Habitat GIS for the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Southern California State Fisheries Reserves Volume 1: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-85, https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/0085/.

Cochrane, G.R., and K. D. Lafferty, 2002, Use of acoustic classification of sidescan sonar data for mapping benthic habitat in the Northern Channel Islands, California. Continental Shelf Research, 22:683-690.

Cochrane, Guy R., James E. Conrad, Jane A. Reid, Sarah Fangman, Nadine Golden, 2005, The Nearshore Benthic Habitat GIS for the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Southern California State Fisheries Reserves, Volume II. Version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-file Report 2005-1170. https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1170/.

Cochrane, G.R., 2008, Video-supervised classification of sonar data for mapping seafloor habitat, in Reynolds, J.R., and Greene, H.G., eds., Marine habitat mapping technology for Alaska: Fairbanks, University of Alaska, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, p. 185-194. doi: 10.4027/mhmta.2008.13

Kushner, D.J., Rassweiler, A., McLaughlin J.P., Lafferty, K.D. (2013) A multi-decade time series of kelp forest community structure at the California Channel Islands. Ecology 94:2655

Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., and others (2013a) California state waters map series-offshore of Santa Barbara, California. In: Johnson, S.Y., Cochran, S.A. (eds), US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3281.

Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., and others (2013b) California state waters map series-offshore of Carpinteria, California. In: Johnson, S.Y., Cochran, S.A. (eds), US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3261.

Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., and others (2012) California state waters map series-Hueneme Canyon and vicinity, California. In: Johnson, S.Y., Cochran, S.A. (eds), U.S. Geological survey scientific investigations map 3225.

Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., and others (2013c) California state waters map series-offshore of Ventura, California. In: Johnson, S.Y., Cochran, S.A. (eds), US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3254.

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Web Services

Web services were created using an ArcGIS service definition file. The ArcGIS REST service and OGC WMS service include all the data layers listed in "GIS Data Files" table. Data layers are symbolized as shown on the Data Release map sheets. Individual web services for each GIS file are available from the main service pages provided in the links below.

ArcMap Users: to use these services in ArcMap version 10.0 or above:

  • Select the service link provided to open the main service page in a browser.
  • At the top of the main service page, find the ViewIn: row of options and click on ArcMap
  • Open ArcMap version 10.0 or above.
  • Once this service has been added to the map display, click on the check box next to the name of this layer to view all of the layers the service may contain. All the layers within the service are turned off by default. Turn on the layers you want to view.
  • Further expand to view the symbology for a particular feature class.
  • ArcGIS REST Service

    OGC WMS Service

    ArcGIS Project File

    SantaBarbaraChannelGeohab.mxd (0.5 MB) is an ArcMap document (.mxd) that has all the data layers loaded in the table of contents and has all the data symbolized. Download and save this ArcGIS project file into a folder; create a folder named "data" within that folder for all data files of interest below.

    GIS Data Files

    Each GIS data file is listed below with a brief description, a small image, and links to the metadata files and the downloadable data files. The data were compiled in ArcMap (version 10.0). Raster data layers are registered TIFF images and are in the UTM Zone 10 coordinate system. Point, line, and polygon features are in shapefile format and are projected in UTM Zone 10 coordinates. We recommend that you create a single new folder within which to unzip the files you want to use.

    The downloadable data files have been compressed with the "zip" command, and they can be unzipped with Winzip (or other tool) on Windows systems. The .zip file for a TIFF image includes the image (.tif), the world registration file (.tfw), and the text (.txt) and XML (.tif.xml) versions of the metadata. The .zip for a shapefile includes the .aux, .dbf, .shp, .shx, .sbx, and .sbn files, as well as the text (.txt) and XML (.shp.xml) versions of the metadata.

    Theme Description View File Format Metadata File Compressed File Size
    10 meter bathymetry contours Thumbnail of file. ESRI
    shapefile (lines)
    txt,
    xml,
    html,
    faq
    10metercontours.zip 4.3 MB
    Air photo seafloor character Thumbnail of file. TIFF
    8 bit integer
    txt,
    xml,
    html,
    faq
    Air_photoseaflo.zip 1 MB
    Lidar seafloor character Thumbnail of file. TIFF
    8 bit integer
    txt,
    xml,
    html,
    faq
    Lidarseafloorch.zip 0.6 MB
    Sidescan seafloor character Thumbnail of file. TIFF
    8 bit integer
    txt,
    xml,
    html,
    faq
    Sidescanseafloo.zip 2.5 MB
    Multibeam seafloor character Thumbnail of file. TIFF
    8 bit integer
    txt,
    xml,
    html,
    faq
    Multibeamseaflo.zip 3.3 MB

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    U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
    url: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7QF8QXF
    contact Guy Cochrane
    page last modified 7 April 2017