USGS - science for a changing world

USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 1978-031-FA

Other ID: AII 103

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): Bradford Butman

Affiliate Investigator(s):

Information Specialist(s):

Data Type(s): Environmental Data: CTD, Environmental Data: Temperature, Imagery: Photo, Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Biology, Sampling: Geology, Sonar: Single Beam, Time Series: Mooring (physical oceanography), Sonar: Sidescan

Scientific Purpose/Goals: 1. Deploy 5 tripod systems, 6 current moorings; recover 2 tripods and 2 current moorings. Monitor near-bottom circulation along the southern flank of Georges Bank through Great South Channel, and investigate coherence of flow between Georges Bank and the mid-Atlantic shelf. Study currents and sediment movement in the region of fine-grained sediments south of Martha's Vineyard. 2. Conduct temperature, salinity and suspended matter observations along shelf sections to determine position of moorings relative to coastal water masses to aid data interpretation. 3. Conduct sidescan sonar surveys to determine large-scale bedform distribution and direction of movement. 4. Recover, relight and replace necessary surface marker floats at tripod and current locations (so fishermen can avoid fouling their nets and leave instrumentation undisturbed).

Vehicle(s):

Start Port/Location: Woods Hole, MA

End Port/Location: Woods Hole, MA

Start Date: 1978-09-28

End Date: 1978-10-05

Equipment Used: XBT, CTD 19+ with OBS, PAR, DO, Chl, Grab sampler, Sidescan sonar, Northstar 6000 LORAN-C, 12 kHz, Camera- deep sea, Bottom platform

Information to be Derived: Time series data;

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: Recovered tripods: 2 (#148 and 149 deployed FA 78010 OCEANUS 45 May 10-18, 1978); Recovered current moorings: 2 (#150, 151 deployed FA 78010 OCEANUS 45 May 10-18, 1978). Deployed tripods: 5 (#155 and 156 both recovered FA 79002 OCEANUS 56 Mar. 6-15, 1979; #157 recovered FA 78035 WHITEFOOT Oct. 30 - Nov. 2, 1978; #158 and 159 both recovered FA 79002 OCEANUS 56 Mar. 6-15, 1979); Deployed current moorings: 6 (#160 recovered FA 79002 OCEANUS 56 Mar. 6-15, 1979; #161 incomplete recovery information; #162 partial recovery by fisherman OCEAN STATE Oct. 16, 1978; #163 recovered FA 79002 OCEANUS 56 Mar. 6-15, 1979; #164 recovered Jan. 30, 1979 no ship and cruise information; #165 recovered FA 79002 OCEANUS 56 Mar. 6-15, 1979). XBTs: 61; CTD/Transmissions: 33; Surface salinity: 91; Surface grab samples: 7 (#4727-4733); Sidescan sonar: 18 km.

Staff: Cynthia Bryden, Bradford Butman, Charles E. Deadmon, Carol M. Parmenter, Stephanie Pfirman, William J. Strahle, David Twichell, Marlene Noble

Affiliate Staff:
Neal Lillard - USGS-Corpus Christi; John West - USGS-Corpus Christi; B. Reckert - USGS-Washington; J. Ratcliff - Benthos; Andrew Eliason - Eliason Data Services; T. Sackton - Observer
Mass. Fair Share; T. Dourdeville - WHOI

Notes: Information from Foghorn: XBT;CTD;Surface grab sampler;Sidescan sonar system;

Location:

Middle Atlantic Bight, Mid-Atlantic Shelf, Wilmington Canyon, Mud Patch, Great South Channel, Georges Bank, United States, North America, North Atlantic;

Boundaries
North: 41.75 South: 38.25 West: -74.25 East: -66

Platform(s):

photo of Atlantis II
Atlantis II

Publications

Buczkowski, B.J., and Kelsey, S.A., 2007, Archival policies and collections database for the Woods Hole Science Center's marine sediment samples: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1187, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20061187.

Moody, J.A., and Butman, B., 1980, Semidiurnal bottom pressure and tidal currents on Georges Bank and in the Mid-Atlantic Bight: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1137, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr801137.

Moody, J.A., Butman, B., Beardsley, R.C., Brown, W.S., Daifuku, P., Irish, J.D., Mayer, D.A., Mofjeld, H.O., Petrie, B., Ramp, S., Smith, P., and Wright, W.R., 1984, Atlas of tidal elevation and current observations on the Northeast American continental shelf and slope: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1611, https://doi.org/10.3133/b1611.

Parmenter, C.M., Bother, M. H., Butman, B., 1983, Characteristics of resuspended sediment from Georges Bank collected with a sediment trap: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v. 17, no. 5, p. 521-533.

Portals/Viewers

Documents associated with this activity

Title Survey Equipment Description
Cruise report (document not focused on specific equipment) Chief Scientist's cruise report of personnel, equipment, data acquisition, station locations, track maps, bridge Loran log, and smooth sheets.

Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
XBT --- Temperature
CTD 19+ with OBS, PAR, DO, Chl --- CTD
Grab sampler --- Biology
Geology
1978-031-FA-SC-001 (GRAB samples)
Sidescan sonar --- Sidescan
1978-031-FA-SO-001 (microfilm of *SMALL CAN)
Northstar 6000 LORAN-C --- Navigation
1978-031-FA-LN-001 (Navigation trackline plot for field activity 78031)
12 kHz --- Single Beam
1978-031-FA-SE-001 ( Collection of paper record displays of seismic data (12K) for lines )
Camera- deep sea --- Photo
1978-031-FA-PH-001 (film collection of TRIPOD 159; 19781003-19790309)
Bottom platform --- Mooring (physical oceanography)
1978-031-FA-OM-003 (MAB mooring data, )
1978-031-FA-OM-001 (Digital tape(s) of CTD STATION DATA, )
1978-031-FA-OM-002 (Georges Bank Sediment mooring data)

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Questions or Comments? Contact CMGDS Team
https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov