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USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 2011-047-FA

Other ID: Oceanus 477

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): Bradford Butman, Patrick Dickhudt

Affiliate Investigator(s): Bruce Keafer (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

Information Specialist(s): Bradford Butman

Data Type(s): Geochemical: Experiments, Imagery: Photo, Imagery: Video, Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Biology, Sampling: Geology

Scientific Purpose/Goals: Overall objective of cruise is to map distribution of Alexandrium cysts in surficial sediments of western Gulf of Maine (approximately 112 stations). USGS objective is to obtain undisturbed cores using the slow corer and conduct erosion measurements using University of Maryland Gust Erosion Microcosm System (UGEMS) at approximately 10 stations.


Start Port/Location: Woods Hole, MA

End Port/Location: Woods Hole, MA

Start Date: 2011-10-24

End Date: 2011-11-04

Equipment Used: GPS (wh), Corer - piston, Grab sampler, Video camera - deep sea, Gust Erosion Microcosm System (GEMS), Digital camera, Craib corer

Information to be Derived: Grain size analysis;Physical property data;

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: This was a 12-day cruise to the Gulf of Maine on RV Oceanus carried out cooperatively by WHOI and the USGS. The primary objective of the WHOI investigators was to map the concentration of red tide cysts in the surficial sediments. Samples of the surficial sediments were obtained at ~100 stations; samples were sieved and preserved for counting of cysts ashore. A subsample was saved for analysis of surficial sediment texture. The primary USGS objective was to measure sediment erodability at selected locations. Replicate cores using the USGS slow corer were obtained at 10 locations and analysis was carried out onboard using UGEMS. Nearly all the planned sampling stations were occuppied. GEMS analysis was carried out on 20 cores (10 stations). A video camera mounted on the slow corer provided very useful insight into core sampling under varing conditions (sea state, lowering rate, sediment texture). We sought refuge from a very intense NE storm in Bar Harbor, ME from the evening of October 29 to the morning of October 31. Waves in Jordan basin reached ~28' during this storm. This was the next to last cruise for WHOI's RV Oceanus, ending her 37-year career at WHOI.

Staff: Sandy Baldwin, Katherine McMullen

Affiliate Staff:
10 others from WHOI and elsewhere

Notes: Cruise led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Bruce Keafer Chief Scientist
Project = Models for Changing Coastal Env,


Gulf of Maine, United States, North America, North Atlantic;,

North: 45.8288 South: 41.37681 West: -71.543 East: -64.95117


photo of Oceanus


Butman, B., Aretxabaleta, A., Dickhudt, P., Dalyander, P.S., Sherwood, C.R., Anderson, D.M., Keafer, B.A., and Signell, R.A., 2013, Investigating the importance of sediment resuspension in Alexandrium fundyense cyst population dynamics in the Gulf of Maine: Deep Sea Research II, , doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.10.011.


Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
Gust Erosion Microcosm System (GEMS) --- Experiments
Video camera - deep sea --- Video
Digital camera --- Photo
GPS (wh) --- Navigation
Craib corer --- Geology
Corer - piston --- Geology
Grab sampler --- Biology

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