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USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity L277NC

AKA: none

Other ID: L-2-77-NC

Status: Completed


Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): Bill Normark

Affiliate Investigator(s):

Information Specialist(s):

Data Type(s): Electro-Magnetic: Gravity, Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Geology, Seismics: Air Gun / Water Gun, Seismics: Sonobuoy, Seismics: Sub Bottom Profiler

Scientific Purpose/Goals:


Start Port/Location: San Francisco, CA

End Port/Location: Monterey, CA

Start Date: 1977-04-11

End Date: 1977-04-25

Equipment Used: airgun, sonobuoy, gravity, 3.5khz, boomerangcore, integratednavigation, miniranger, transitsatellite, freefallgrab, gravitycore

Information to be Derived:

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered:

Staff: Tom Chase, Joe Edwards, Chris Gutmacher, Gordon Hess, Dave Hogg, Terry Kelley, Al McClenaghan, Jackie Miller, John Oldson, Pat Wilde

Affiliate Staff:
Rick Hollar (UCB) - Geologist
Jim Mackrow - Chief Mate
John Simpson - Chief Engineer
James Sandusky (UCB/LBL) - Geologist
Jon Spencer - Geologist
Dorrik Stow (Dalhouise U) - Geologist
Paul Twichell - Mechanical Technician

Staff information imported from InfoBank
Al McClenaghan - Ship Captain
Tom Chase - Oceanographer
Joe Edwards - Mechanical Technician
Chris Gutmacher - Geologist
Gordon Hess - Geologist
Dave Hogg - Electronics Technician
Rick Hollar (UCB) - Geologist
Jim Mackrow - Chief Mate
John Simpson - Chief Engineer
Terry Kelley - Electronics Technician
Jackie Miller - Geologist
Bill Normark - Chief Scientist
John Oldson (UCB) - Geologist
James Sandusky (UCB/LBL) - Geologist
Jon Spencer - Geologist
Dorrik Stow (Dalhouise U) - Geologist
Paul Twichell - Mechanical Technician
Pat Wilde (UCB/LBL) - Geologist


Northern California

North: 37.68067 South: 34.27931 West: -125.7133 East: -122.16348


photo of Samuel Phillips Lee
Samuel Phillips Lee


Fildani, A., Normark, W.R., 2004, Late Quaternary evolution of channel and lobe complexes of Monterey Fan: Marine Geology, v. 206 no. 1-4, pp. 199–223, doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.03.001.

Gutmacher, C.E., and Normark, W.R., 1993, Sur submarine landslide, a deep-water sediment slope failure, in Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine landslides; selected studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2002, pp. 158–166.

Hess, G.R., and Normark, W.R., 1980, Quaternary styles of California submarine fans: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 64 no. 3, pp. 443–444.

Hess, G.R., Normark, W.R., and Gutmacher, C.E., 1979, Sur submarine slide, Monterey Fan, central California: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 83–84.

Normark, W.R., and Hess, G.R., 1979, Sediment transport processes on the Monterey Deep-Sea Fan: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1150, pp. 150–150.

Normark, W.R., and Hess, G.R.,, 1978, Sedimentological features and growth of the Monterey deep-sea fan off central California: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, pp. 151–151.

Normark, W.R., Hess, G.R., Chase, T.E., Wilde, P., Spencer, J.E., 1977, Active and relict channel systems, and the growth pattern on Monterey submarine fan, California: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 1116–1117.

Normark, W.R., Hess, G.R., Stow, D.A.V., and Bowen, A.J., 1980, Sediment waves on the Monterey Fan levee; a preliminary physical interpretation: Marine Geology, v. 37 no. 1-2, pp. 1–18.

Normark, W.R., and Gutmacher, Christina E., 1989, Major submarine fans of the California continental rise, Winterer, E.L., and Hussong, Donald M., and Decker, Robert W., eds., The eastern Pacific Ocean and Hawaii: Geological Society of America, Denver, CO.

Normark, W.R., and Gutmacher, Christina E., 1988, Sur submarine slide, Monterey Fan, Central California: Sedimentology, v. 35 no. 4, pp. 629–647.

Normark, W.R., and Hess, Gordon R., 1980, Quaternary growth patterns of California submarine fans, in Field, Michael E., Bouma, Arnold H., Colburn, Ivan P., Douglas, Robert G., and Ingle, James C., eds., Proceedings of the Quaternary depositional environments of the Pacific Coast: Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium, no. 4, pp. 201–210.

Normark, W.R., Gutmacher, Christina E., Chase, T.E., Wilde, Pat, 1984, Monterey Fan; growth pattern control by basin morphology and changing sea levels: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 3 no. 2-4, pp. 93–99.

Wilde, P., Normark, William R., Chase, Thomas E., and Gutmacher, Christina E., 1985, Potential petroleum reservoirs on deep-sea fans off Central California, in Bouma, Arnold H., Normark, William R., and Barnes, Neal E., eds., Submarine fans and related turbidite systems: Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.


Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
airgun --- Air Gun / Water Gun
Survey information
sonobuoy --- Sonobuoy
Survey information
gravity --- Gravity
Raw gravity data from analog meter l-2-77-nc.111_012 (Provisional best file)
Raw gravity data from analog meter l-2-77-nc.111
Survey information
3.5khz --- Sub Bottom Profiler
Survey information
boomerangcore --- Geology
Station Information
integratednavigation --- Navigation
Dead reckoning data l-2-77-nc.010
Best file with nav in ArcInfo E00 format
Dead reckoning data l-2-77-nc.012 (Provisional best file)
Dead reckoning data l-2-77-nc.012_degree
Lat/Long/UTM/State Plane data l-2-77-nc.650
Survey information
miniranger --- Navigation
Survey information
transitsatellite --- Navigation
Satellite data l-2-77-nc.000
Survey information
freefallgrab --- Geology
Station Information
gravitycore --- Geology

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