||Pre- and post-storm mapping of coastal impacts and vulnerability. USGS pre- and post-storm coastal mapping provides critical data to assess Sandy impacts to coastal barriers and to characterize post-Sandy coastal conditions and vulnerability. USGS completed post-Sandy airborne LiDAR and photographic surveys, including surveys at the request of DOI/NPS and NJ State agencies. These and other anticipated surveys far exceed current capacity for processing and analyses to deliver high-priority products and support recovery applications. This project will a) process all such data collected by the USGS or at the behest of DOI bureaus, b) develop digital interpretive products that document coastal change (e.g. overwash and debris distribution, dune/beach loss, habitat modification, channel migration and elevation change) and characterize the post-storm condition of coastal resources, and c) conceptualize and build specialized interpretive products from USGS and other data sources as required by response and recovery operations. The USGS will, as part of this effort, develop hardware and software to ensure that capacity for rapid provision of data, products and assessments is enhanced prior to future storm events.