USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Coastal & Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 1999-026-FA

Other ID: MD 99-02; IMAGES V, Leg 1

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Location: Chesapeake Bay, United States, North America, North Atlantic;

Principal Investigator(s): John Bratton, Stephen Colman

Affiliate Investigator(s): Tom Cronin - USGS, Reston; Peter Vogt - Naval Research Lab; Jeff Halka - MD GS

Information Specialist(s):

Data Type(s): Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Chemistry, Sampling: Geology

Scientific Purpose/Goals: Conduct an interdisciplinary study of Holocene paleoclimate and ecosystem history, methanogenesis, and geological evolution of modern Chesapeake Bay. To accomplish these goals, collect long piston cores (>20 meters) from the mesohaline portion of Chesapeake Bay.

Vehicle(s):

Start Date: 1999-06-20

Start Port/Location: Norfolk, VA

End Date: 1999-06-29

End Port/Location: Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

Equipment Used: Calypso corer, GPS (wh), Water sampler

Information to be Derived:

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: Coring exercises collected 6 cores at 5 sites (approx. 68 m of sediments); digital core photos; spectrophotometry; pore water samples; radiocarbon samples; and MST logging (magnetics, gamma and p-wave).

Staff: Patricia Baucom, John Bratton, Stephen Colman

Affiliate Staff:
Yvon Balut - ship operations chief; Elisabeth Michel - co-chief scientist
Leg 1; USGS: T. Cronin (06/20 - 06/29)
D. Willard (06/20 - 06/21 only)
L. Weimer (06/20 - 06/21 only)
S. Colman
J. Bratton (06/20 - 06/29)
P. Baucom (06/20 - 06/29)
T. Sheehan (06/20 - 06/29)
R. Wagner (06/20 - 06/29); Naval Research Lab: P. Vogt (06/20 - 06/21 only)
R. Coffin
J. Pohlman (06/20 - 06/21 only); Maryland Geol. Survey: J. Hill (06/20 - 06/21 only)
J. Halka
C. Williams; U. So. Illinois: S. Ishman (06/20 - 06/29); U. Rhode Island: J. King; Queens College: Y. Zhang; Duke Univ.: G. Dwyer; U. So. Carolina: J. Friddell (06/20 - 06/29); other IMAGES co-chief scientists and ship crew.

Notes: WHSC personnel John Bratton and Pattie Baucom were on the entire leg of this cruise; Steve Colman was shipboard from near Norfolk, VA to Delaware. Other USGS participants were not with WHSC. Original Center People field contained: John Bratton, sediment and porewater geochemistry; Steve Colman, project management; Pattie Baucom, core description, sampling, sedimentology; Mob./transport: TBA.

Location Map:

Platform(s):

photo of Marion-Dufresne
Marion-Dufresne

Publications

Baucom, P.C., Bratton, John F., Colman, Steven M., Friddell, Julie, and Rochon, Andre, 2000, Sedimentology and core descriptions, MARION-DUFRESNE cores MD99-2204 through -2209, Chesapeake Bay, in Chapter 5 of Cronin, Thomas M., ed., Initial report on IMAGES V cruise of the MARION-DUFRESNE to the Chesapeake Bay June 20-22, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-306, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/of00-306/chapter5/index.html.

Bratton, J.F., Colman, S.M., Thieler, E.R., and Seal, R.R., II, 2003, Birth of the modern Chesapeake Bay estuary between 7.4 and 8.2 ka and implications for global sea-level rise: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 22 no. 4, doi: 10.1007/s00367-002-0112-z.

Bratton, J.F., Colman, Steven M., Baucom, Pattie C., and Seal, Robert R., II, 2000, Trace metals, stable isotopes, and biogenic silica from cores collected at MARION-DUFRESNE site MD99-2209, Chesapeake Bay, in Chapter 10 of Cronin, Thomas M., ed., Initial report on IMAGES V cruise of the MARION-DUFRESNE to the Chesapeake Bay June 20-22, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-306, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/of00-306/chapter10/index.html.

Colman, S.M., and Bratton, John F., 2003, Anthropogenically induced changes in sediment and biogenic silica fluxes in Chesapeake Bay: Geology, v. 31 no. 1, URL: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/31/1/71.abstract.

Colman, S.M., Baucom, Pattie C., Bratton, John F., Cronin, Thomas M., McGeehin, John P., Willard, Debra, Zimmerman, Andrew R., and Vogt, Peter R., 2002, Radiocarbon dating, chronologic framework, and changes in accumulation rates of Holocene estuarine sediments from Chesapeake Bay: Quaternary Research, v. 57 no. 1, doi: 10.1006/qres.2001.2285.

Colman, S.M., Bratton, John F., and Baucom, Pattie C., 2000, Radiocarbon dating of MARION-DUFRESNE cores MD99-2204, -2207, and -2209, Chesapeake Bay, in Chapter 6 of Cronin, Thomas M., ed., Initial report on IMAGES V cruise of the MARION-DUFRESNE to the Chesapeake Bay June 20-22, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-306, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/of00-306/chapter6/index.html.

Halka, J.P., Vogt, Peter R., Colman, Steven M., and Cronin, Thomas M., 2000, Geophysical environment; Site MD99-2209, in Chapter 4 of Cronin, Thomas M., ed., Initial report on IMAGES V cruise of the MARION-DUFRESNE to the Chesapeake Bay June 20-22, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-306, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/of00-306/chapter4/index.html.

Pohlman, J.W., Bratton, John F., and Coffin, Richard B., 2000, Porewater methane geochemistry of MARION-DUFRESNE cores MD99-2205 and -2206, in Chapter 13 of Cronin, Thomas M., ed., Initial report on IMAGES V cruise of the MARION-DUFRESNE to the Chesapeake Bay June 20-22, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-306, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/of00-306/chapter13/index.html.

Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
Calypso corer --- Geology
1999-026-FA-SC-001-01 ( Core samples analyses: including grain size, radiocarbon, palynology, trace metals, water content, and other geochemistry analyses.)
GPS (wh) --- Navigation
1999-026-FA-LN-001 ( Daily ship tracks: 9 page-size track maps of varying scales; contain date, latitude, longitude, hourly time ticks, some 15-minute and 5-minute ticks, and core site numbers (007, 008, 009, 10.)
Water sampler --- Chemistry