USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Coastal & Marine Geology Program

Field Activity Details for field activity 2004-002-FA

Other ID: none

Status: Completed

Organization(s): USGS, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Funding Program(s):

Principal Investigator(s): Bradford Butman, Jane Denny

Affiliate Investigator(s): MA CZM

Information Specialist(s): Brian Andrews

Data Type(s): Imagery: Photo, Imagery: Video, Location-Elevation: Navigation, Sampling: Geology, Seismics: Sub Bottom Profiler, Sonar: Interferometric, Sonar: Multibeam

Scientific Purpose/Goals: Phase I - Complete geophysical mapping of the South Essex Sanctuary (Gloucester to Nahant; 40 m to 10 m water depth). Phase II - Conduct ground validation survey of 100 target stations in the survey area.


Start Date: 2004-04-12

Start Port/Location: Gloucester, MA

End Date: 2004-05-07

End Port/Location: Gloucester, MA

Equipment Used: SubX swath bathymetry, Camera- deep sea, Video camera - deep sea, Digital camera, Real Time Kinematic GPS, Grab sampler - Van Veen , Knudsen CHIRP Sub-bottom Profiler

Information to be Derived: Grain size analysis; Habitat maps; Sea floor map; Bathymetric maps; Morphology;

Summary of Activity and Data Gathered: Phase I Geophysical Survey: 8 total survey days with Submetrix, Knudsen, EdgeTech. Lost 5 days to rebuilding starboard engine on RAFAEL. Data collected: Submetrix bathymetry/backscatter, EdgeTech sidescan, Knudsen seismic reflection. Phase II Ground Validation: Occupied 100 target stations in 3 survey days, recovered 56 sediment samples. Data collected: bottom video, bottom stills, sediment samples (grain size).

Staff: Seth Ackerman, Brian Andrews, Dann Blackwood, William Danforth, Jane Denny, Barry Irwin, Katherine McMullen, Charles Worley

Affiliate Staff:

Notes: Original Center People field contained: Jane Denny (PI), Barry Irwin (captain). Phase I: (Geophysical) Acquisition - Bill Danforth, Chuck Worley, Brian Andrews; Processing - Jane Denny, Brian Andrews. Phase II: Ground Truth - Barry Irwin (captain); Acquisition - Dann Blackwood (mini-SEABOSS), Brian Andrews, Seth Ackerman; Processing - Kate McMullen (sed samples), Brian Andrews (video/stills).
Project = South Essex Ocean Sanctuary Sea Floor Mapping, South Essex Ocean Sanctuary Sea Floor Mapping


Gloucester to Nahant, South Essex Sanctuary, Massachusetts Bay, Massachusetts, United States, North America, North Atlantic;

North: 42.6 South: 42.4 West: -70.95 East: -70.65


photo of Rafael


Barnhardt, W.A., Andrews, Brian D., and Butman, Bradford, 2006, High-resolution geological mapping of the inner continental shelf; Nahant to Gloucester, Massachusetts: URL:

Buczkowski, B.J., and Kelsey, S.A., 2007, Archival policies and collections database for the Woods Hole Science Center's marine sediment samples: URL:

Pendleton, E.A., Baldwin, W.E., Barnhardt, W.A., Ackerman, S.D., Foster, D.S., Andrews, B.A., and Schwab, W.C., 2013, Shallow Geology, Sea-floor Texture, and Physiographic Provinces of the Inner Continental Shelf from Nahant to Northern Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts: URL:


FAN 2004-002-FA has data viewable in the GeoMappApp/Virtual Ocean applications. To view this data in these applications go to and See the instructions for locating USGS data in these applications. You can also view the imagery created from the SEGY data at

Data Acquired

Survey EquipmentSurvey InfoData Type(s)Data Collected
SubX swath bathymetry --- Interferometric
Bathymetry GIS data ( )
Camera- deep sea --- Photo
Video camera - deep sea --- Video
Digital camera --- Photo
2004-002-FA-PH-001 ( Deck photos: photos of deck operations, personnel, land interest points posted online at field activity web page.)
Real Time Kinematic GPS --- Navigation
Grab sampler - Van Veen --- Geology
2004-002-FA-SC-001 ( Van Veen grab samples: 56 sediment samples.)
2004-002-FA-SC-001-01 ( Grain size analysis: Lab #s AU407, AU408, AU409, AU410, AU411, AU412, AU413, AU414, AU415, AU416, AU417, AU418, AU419, AU420, AU421, AU422, AU423, AU424, AU425, AU426, AU427, AU428, AU429, AU430, AU431, AU432, AU433, AU434, AU435, AU436, AU437, AU438, AU439, AU440, AU441, AU442, AU443, AU444, AU445, AU446, AU447, AU448, AU449, AU450, AU451, AU452, AU453, AU454, AU455, AU456, AU457, AU458, AU459, AU460, AU461, and AU462.)
Knudsen CHIRP Sub-bottom Profiler --- Sub Bottom Profiler
Chirp seismic data ( )
2004-002-FA-SE-001 ( Raw SEGY data)