BackscatterA [SWATH]--Offshore Aptos, California

Online link https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/SeriesReports/DS_DDS/DS_781/XMLs_on_ScienceBase/F7K35RQB_OffshoreAptos/BackscatterA_Swath_OffshoreAptos_metadata.faq.html
Description This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Aptos map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as two separate grids depending on mapping system and processing method. This metadata file refers to the data included in "BackscatterA_SWATH_OffshoreAptos.zip," which is accessible from https://doi.org/10.5066/F7K35RQB. These data accompany the pamphlet and map sheets of Cochrane, G.R., Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Greene, H.G., Erdey, M.D, Dieter, B.E., Golden, N.E., Hartwell, S.R., Ritchie, A.C., Kvitek, r.G., Maier, K.L., Endris, C.A., Davenport, C.W., Watt, J.T., Sliter, R.W., Finlayson, D.P., and Krigsman, L.M., (G.R. Cochrane and S.A. Cochran, eds.), 2016, California State Waters Map Series—Offshore of Aptos, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1025, 43 p., 10 sheets, scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161025. The acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Aptos, California, was generated from backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and by Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI). Mapping was completed between 1998 and 2009, using a combination of a 234-kHz SWATHplus bathymetric sidescan-sonar system and a 30-kHz Simrad EM-300 multibeam echosounder. Within the final imagery, brighter tones indicate higher backscatter intensity, and darker tones indicate lower backscatter intensity. The intensity represents a complex interaction between the acoustic pulse and the seafloor, as well as characteristics within the shallow subsurface, providing a general indication of seafloor texture and composition. Backscatter intensity depends on the acoustic source level; the frequency used to image the seafloor; the grazing angle; the composition and character of the seafloor, including grain size, water content, bulk density, and seafloor roughness; and some biological cover. Harder and rougher bottom types such as rocky outcrops or coarse sediment typically return stronger intensities (high backscatter, lighter tones), whereas softer bottom types such as fine sediment return weaker intensities (low backscatter, darker tones). [More]
Originators Dartnell, Peter; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Finlayson, David P.; and Golden, Nadine E.

Related topics

Acoustic backscatter imagery offshore of Aptos, California
Acoustic backscatter imagery offshore of Aptos, California