Digital surface models (DSMs) for the intertidal zone at Post Point, Bellingham Bay, WA, 2019-06-06

Online link https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/DataReleases/ScienceBase/DR_P94LH20J/PostPoint_2019-06-06_DSM_metadata.faq.html
Description This portion of the data release presents digital surface models (DSMs) and hillshade images of the intertidal zone at Post Point, Bellingham Bay, WA. The DSMs were derived from structure-from-motion (SfM) processing of aerial imagery collected with an unmanned aerial system (UAS) on 2019-06-06. Unlike a digital elevation model (DEM), the DSMs represent the elevation of the highest object within the bounds of a cell. Vegetation, buildings and other objects have not been removed from the data. In addition, data artifacts resulting from noise in the original imagery have not been removed. The DSMs are presented with two resolutions: one DSM, covering the entire survey area, has a resolution of 4 centimeters per pixel; the other DSM which was derived from a lower-altitude flight, covers an inset area within the main survey area and has a resolution of 2 centimeters per-pixel. The raw imagery used to create these DSMs was acquired using a UAS fitted with a Ricoh GR II digital camera featuring a global shutter. The UAS was flown on pre-programmed autonomous flight lines spaced to provide approximately 70 percent overlap between images from adjacent lines. The camera was triggered at 1 Hz using a built-in intervalometer. For the main DSM, the UAS was flown at an approximate altitude of 70 meters above ground level (AGL), resulting in a nominal ground-sample-distance (GSD) of 1.8 centimeters per pixel. For the higher-resolution DSM, the UAS was flown at an approximate altitude of 35 meters (AGL), resulting in a nominal ground-sample-distance (GSD) of 0.9 centimeters per pixel. The raw imagery was geotagged using positions from the UAS onboard single-frequency autonomous GPS. Nineteen temporary ground control points (GCPs) were distributed throughout each survey area to establish survey control. The GCPs consisted of a combination of small square tarps with black-and-white cross patterns and "X" marks placed on the ground using temporary chalk. The GCP positions were measured using post-processed kinematic (PPK) GPS, using corrections from a GPS base station located approximately 5 kilometers from the study area. The DSMs and hillshade images have been formatted as cloud optimized GeoTIFFs with internal overviews and masks to facilitate cloud-based queries and display. [More]
Originators Logan, Joshua B.; Grossman, Eric E.; VanArendonk, Nathan R.; and Maverick, Avery F. G.

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