Collection, analysis, and age-dating of sediment cores from natural and restored salt marshes on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2015-16

Online link https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/SB_data_release/DR_P9R154DY/Metadata_RestoredMarshCores.faq.html
Description Nineteen sediment cores were collected from five salt marshes on the northern shore of Cape Cod where previously restricted tidal exchange was restored to part of the marshes. Cores were collected in duplicate from two locations within each marsh complex: one upstream and one downstream from the former tidal restriction (typically caused by an undersized culvert or a berm). The unaltered, natural downstream sites provide a comparison against the historically restricted upstream sites. The sampled cores represent a chronosequence of restoration occurring between 2001–10. Collected cores were up to 168 cm in length with dry bulk density ranging from 0.04 to 2.62 grams per cubic centimeter and carbon content 0.12 % to 48.91 %. Land surface elevation was measured at each site (ranging from 0.484 meters to 1.51 meters relative to NAVD88) to determine the boundaries of each site within current tidal conditions. Gamma counting results for excess lead-210 were used to construct Constant Rate of Supply age models to date individual depth intervals in the core. Additionally, gamma counting results for other radionuclides, particularly cesium-137, gave further insight to evaluate how vertical accretion and carbon burial rates have changed during the past century. Carbon isotopes were measured to evaluate organic matter source. [More]
Originators O'Keefe Suttles, Jennifer A.; Eagle, Meagan J.; Mann, Adrian G.; Spivak, Amanda C.; Sanks, Kelly M.; Roberts, Daniel M.; and Kroeger, Kevin D.

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Photograph of a tidal salt marsh creek at low tide with a restored tidal restriction/bridge in the background (Bass Creek, Yarmouth, MA).
Photograph of a tidal salt marsh creek at low tide with a restored tidal restriction/bridge in the background (Bass Creek, Yarmouth, MA).