Backscatter B [USGS]--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California

Online link https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/pcmsc/SeriesReports/DS_DDS/DS_781/HuenemeCanyon/BackscatterB_USGS_HuenemeCanyon_metadata.faq.html
Description This part of DS 781 presents data for part of the acoustic-backscatter map of the Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as separate grids depending on mapping system or processing method. The raster data file is included in "BackscatterB_USGS_HuenemeCanyon.zip," which is accessible from https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/781/HuenemeCanyon/data_catalog_HuenemeCanyon.html. These data accompany the pamphlet and map sheets of Johnson, S.Y., Dartnell, P., Cochrane, G.R., Golden, N.E., Phillips, E.L., Ritchie, A.C., Kvitek, R.G., Greene, H.G., Krigsman, L.M., Endris, C.A., Clahan, K.B., Sliter, R.W., Wong, F.L., Yoklavich, M.M., and Normark, W.R. (S.Y. Johnson, ed.), 2012, California State Waters Map Series--Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3225, 41 p., 12 sheets, scale 1:24,000, https://pubs.usgs.gov/sim/3225/. The acoustic-backscatter map of Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity map area, California, was generated from backscatter data collected by California State University, Monterey Bay, Seafloor Mapping Lab (CSUMB) and by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). This metadata file describes the acoustic-backscatter data collected by the USGS. See https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/781/HuenemeCanyon/metadata/BackscatterA_CSUMB_HuenemeCanyon_metadata.txt for a description of the acoustic-backscatter data collected by CSUMB. The far northern part of the Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity, California map area was mapped by the USGS in 2006, using a 117-kHz SEA (AP) Ltd. SWATHplus-M phase-differencing sidescan sonar. This mapping mission collected acoustic-backscatter data from about the 10-m isobath to almost the 3-nautical-mile limit of California's State Waters. Within the acoustic-backscater imagery, brighter tones indicate higher backscatter intensity, and darker tones indicate lower backscatter intensity. The intensity represents a complex interaction between the acoustic pulse and the seafloor, as well as characteristics within the shallow subsurface, providing a general indication of seafloor texture and sediment type. Backscatter intensity depends on the acoustic source level; the frequency used to image the seafloor; the grazing angle; the composition and character of the seafloor, including grain size, water content, bulk density, and seafloor roughness; and some biological cover. Harder and rougher bottom types such as rocky outcrops or coarse sediment typically return stronger intensities (high backscatter, lighter tones), whereas softer bottom types such as fine sediment return weaker intensities (low backscatter, darker tones). [More]
Originators Dartnell, Peter; Phillips, Eleyne L.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Kvitek, Rikk G.; Johnson, Samuel Y.; and Golden, Nadine E.

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Acoustic backscatter imagery of Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity collected by USGS
Acoustic backscatter imagery of Hueneme Canyon and Vicinity collected by USGS