Projections of shoreline change of current and future (2005-2100) sea-level rise scenarios for North Carolina and South Carolina

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Description This dataset contains projections of shoreline change and uncertainty bands for future scenarios of sea-level rise (SLR). Scenarios include 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 300 centimeters (cm) of SLR by the year 2100. Output for SLR of 0 cm is also included, reflective of conditions in 2005, in accordance with recent SLR projections and guidance from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; see process steps). Projections were made using the Coastal Storm Modeling System - Coastal One-line Assimilated Simulation Tool (CoSMoS-COAST), a numerical model (described in Vitousek and others, 2017; 2021; 2023) run in an ensemble forced with global-to-local nested wave models and assimilated with satellite-derived shoreline (SDS) observations. Shoreline positions from models are generated at pre-determined cross-shore transects and output includes different cases covering important model behaviors (cases are described in process steps of metadata; see citations listed in the Cross References section for more details on the methodology and supporting information). This model shows change in shoreline positions along transects, considering sea level, wave conditions, along-shore/cross-shore sediment transport, long-term trends due to sediment supply, and estimated variability due to unresolved processes (as described in Vitousek and others, 2021). Variability associated with complex coastal processes (for example, beach cusps/undulations and shore-attached sandbars) are included via a noise parameter in a model, which is tuned using observations of shoreline change at each transect and run in an ensemble of 200 simulations; this approach allows for a representation of statistical variability in a model that is assimilated with sequences of noisy observations. The model synthesizes and improves upon numerous, well-established shoreline models in the scientific literature; processes and methods are described in this metadata (see lineage and process steps), but also described in more detail in Vitousek and others 2017, 2021 and 2023. KMZ data are readily viewable in Google Earth. For best display of results, it is recommended to turn off any 3D features or terrain. For technical users and researchers, shapefile and KMZ data can be ingested into geographic information system (GIS) software such as Global Mapper or QGIS. [More]
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