Estuarine Back-barrier Shoreline and Beach Sandline Change Model Skill and Predicted Probabilities: Event-driven beach sandline change

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Description The Barrier Island and Estuarine Wetland Physical Change Assessment was created to calibrate and test probability models of barrier island estuarine shoreline (backshore) and beach sandline change for study areas in Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey. The models examined the influence of hydrologic and physical variables related to long-term and storm-derived overwash and back-barrier shoreline change. Input variables were constructed into a Bayesian Network (BN) using Netica, a computer program created by NORSYS Software Corporation that allows users to work with belief networks and influence diagrams. Each model is tested on its ability to predict changes in long-term and event-driven (i.e., Hurricane Sandy-induced) backshore and sandline change based on learned correlations from the input variables across the domain. Using the input hydrodynamic and geomorphic data, the BN is constrained to produce a prediction of an updated conditional probability of backshore or sandline change at each location. To evaluate the ability of the BN to reproduce the observations used to train the model, the skill, log likelihood ratio and probability predictions were utilized. These data are the probability and skill metrics for the event-driven beach sandline change model. [More]
Originators Smith, Kathryn E. L.; Passeri, Davina L.; and Plant, Nathaniel G.
Field activities 2018-302-MD

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