Georeferenced TIFF images displaying backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey along the transit between the Madison Swanson and Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Areas, Gulf of Mexico in 2000 (UTM Zone 16, WGS 84, 5 GeoTIFF images)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Georeferenced TIFF images displaying backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey along the transit between the Madison Swanson and Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Areas, Gulf of Mexico in 2000 (UTM Zone 16, WGS 84, 5 GeoTIFF images)
Abstract:
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) mapped approximately 22 square miles of the Madison Swanson Marine Protected Area (MPA) and Steamboat Lumps MPA, which are located on the Florida shelf edge in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico in 2000 using sidescan sonar and high-resolution chirp seismic-reflection systems. This survey was conducted as part of a larger study of the effectiveness of no-fishing reserves in protecting grouper spawning aggregations. Field activity information for this cruise is available on-line through the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System at https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fa=2000-005-FA.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2016, Georeferenced TIFF images displaying backscatter data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey along the transit between the Madison Swanson and Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Areas, Gulf of Mexico in 2000 (UTM Zone 16, WGS 84, 5 GeoTIFF images): data release DOI:10.5066/F7JD4TVC, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Scanlon, Kathryn M., and Buczkowski, Brian J., 2016, High-resolution geophysical data collected in the Madison Swanson and Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Areas, Gulf of Mexico in 2000, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2000-005-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/F7JD4TVC, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -85.038131
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -85.003601
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.746440
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.567260
  3. What does it look like?
    https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/data/field-activity-data/2000-005-FA/data/backscatter/2000-005-FA_transit_lg.png (PNG)
    Browse graphic of the sidescan-sonar mosaic of the transit survey of field activity 2000-005-FA.
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Calendar_Date: 22-Feb-2000
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:
      • Dimensions 4953 x 762 x 1, type Pixel
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 16
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000
      Planar coordinates are encoded using row and column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 4.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 4.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters
      The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    The pixel value (1-255) indicates the reflectance of the sea-floor surface. Light areas (high value) contain highly reflective substrate types, while fine-grained sediment produces a low reflectance and is found in dark areas (low value). A value of zero represents no data.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey data processor.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Kathryn M. Scanlon
    Research Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x 2323 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    kscanlon@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

The sidescan-sonar data were collected and processed during USGS field activity 2000-005-FA to map the surficial geology of the Madison Swanson and Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Areas. In particular, this dataset covers the transit between the two marine protected areas.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2000 (process 1 of 7)
    The SIS 1000 towfish by Datasonics was used to collect all of the sidescan-sonar data at a 400 meter total swath width. The data were recorded using ISIS by Triton Elics International in QMIPS format. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: Kathryn M. Scanlon
    Research Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2323 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    kscanlon@usgs.gov
    Date: 2000 (process 2 of 7)
    XSonar processing software (Danforth and others, 1991) was used to process the sidescan sonar QMIPS files. The files were demultiplexed using a 4x3 sample interval and a normalization value of 8192. The scan size was 768 pixels, and the output resolution was 0.781250 meters. A command-line script was used to help remove surface noise. An example of the command line is: removeSurface -S20 -p10 -s10 -N10 -O0.6 -i l35f1. -o l35f1new. Manual bottom tracking was used in order to remove the water column from the swaths with the slant range correction. Destriping and beam angle corrections were applied using 300 lines with a 100 ping overlap; maximum beam angle of 90; response angle = 55; data normalization = 0; port/starboard tone adjust = ON. This processing effectively aids in suppressing speckle noise and reducing file size, and corrects for slant-range distortion, signal attenuation, and dropped sonar pings. This process step and all subsequent process steps were performed by VeeAnn A. Cross.
    
    
    Danforth, W. W., T. F. O'Brien, and W. C. Schwab. 1991. US Geological Survey Image Processing System: Near Real-Time Mosaicking of High-Resolution Sidescan-Sonar Data. Sea Technology, Jan. 1991: 54-59.
    
    
    Danforth, W., 1997, Xsonar/ShowImage; a complete system for rapid sidescan sonar processing and display: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-686, 77 p. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 2000 (process 3 of 7)
    The individual lines were then processed with the WHIPS software package to additionally filter the lines using a 7 line filter. Since these are transit lines, there was no need to map odd and even lines into separate georeferenced images. However, the lines were mapped for additional work in PCI software (Paskevich 1992; Paskevich 1996). These images had a pixel resolution of 4 meters/pixel.
    
    
    Paskevich, V. F. 1992. Digital Mapping of Sidescan Sonar Data with the Woods Hole Image Processing System Software. Open-File Report 92-536, 87 pp.
    
    
    Paskevich, V. F. 1996. MAPIT: An Improved Method for Mapping Digital Sidescan Sonar Data using the Woods Hole Image Processing System (WHIPS) Software. Open-File Report 96-281, 73 pp.
    Date: 2000 (process 4 of 7)
    The final image was then exported from PCI as a TIFF image with an associated world file for georeferencing purposes. GeoTiffExamine was then used to add the world file information to the TIFF image transforming it into a GeoTIFF.
    Date: 06-Apr-2017 (process 5 of 7)
    The online links to the data were updated to reflect the new server hosting the data. Additionally, other small edits could be made to the metadata, such as modifying http to https where appropriate. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 20-Jul-2018 (process 6 of 7)
    USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 7 of 7)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Capone, Mark, Scanlon, Kathryn M., and Swift, B. Ann, 2002, Archive of Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise ORGN00005, Northeastern Gulf of Mexico, 15 February - 2 March, 2000: Open-File Report 2002-045, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Differential GPS, with an Ashtech BR2G beacon receiver, was used to navigate the ship. The towfish navigation system was a Benthos DS 7000 acoustic deck set that used range to towfish to account for layback of the towfish. The position of the towfish was corrected using HYPACK and ISIS software. The range to fish did not always work well. The assumed approximate horizontal offset is 20-30 meters.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    This series of images represents all of the processed backscatter data collected on the transit from the Madison Swanson Marine Projected are to the Steamboat Lumps Marine Protected Area during USGS field activity 2000-005-FA and includes lines L52F1 to L52F5. L53F1 was not included because of poor data quality due to bad weather conditions.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    These are GeoTIFF images and associated world files of the data originally collected on field activity 2000-005-FA, recorded by ISIS acquisition system and processed while at sea. All files were acquired with 12 dB of gain.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset. These data are not to be used for navigation.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Brian J. Buczkowski
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Physical Scientist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x2361 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    bbuczkowski@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? The 2000-005-FA_transit_sss.zip file contains the GeoTIFF images 2000-005-FA_trans_1.tif, 2000-005-FA_trans_2.tif, 2000-005-FA_trans_3.tif, 2000-005-FA_trans_4.tif, and 2000-005-FA_trans_5.tif. The associated world files (2000-005-FA_trans_1.tfw, 2000-005-FA_trans_2.tfw, 2000-005-FA_trans_3.tfw, 2000-005-FA_trans_4.tfw, and 2000-005-FA_trans_5.tfw) are also included. In addition to the images and world files, the zip file also contains the FGDC CSDGM metadata in the following formats: XML, HTML, and text.
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    This WinZip file contains a GeoTIFF image file, a world file, and associated metadata files. To utilize these data, the user must have software capable of viewing GeoTIFF image files.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Sep-2020
Metadata author:
Brian J. Buczkowski
U.S. Geological Survey
Physical Scientist
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
USA

508-548-8700 x2361 (voice)
508-457-2310 (FAX)
bbuczkowski@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/field_activities/2000_005_fa/2000-005-FA_transit_sssmeta.faq.html>
Generated by mp version 2.9.50 on Tue Sep 21 18:20:13 2021