Raw and Modified Raw Continuous Resistivity Profile Data Collected in the Potomac River/Chesapeake Bay on Sept. 6, 2006

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John F. Bratton
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Raw and Modified Raw Continuous Resistivity Profile Data Collected in the Potomac River/Chesapeake Bay on Sept. 6, 2006
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-1151
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20091151
Online_Linkage: Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1151/html/catalog.html
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: John F. Bratton
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Continuous Resistivity Profiling and Seismic-Reflection Data Collected in 2006 from the Potomac River Estuary, Virginia and Maryland
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-1151
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1151/
Description:
Abstract:
In order to test hypotheses about groundwater flow under and into Chesapeake Bay, geophysical surveys were conducted by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists on Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River Estuary in September 2006. Chesapeake Bay resource managers are concerned about nutrients that are entering the estuary via submarine groundwater discharge, which are contributing to eutrophication. The USGS has performed many related studies in recent years to provide managers with information necessary to make informed decisions about this issue. The research carried out as part of the study described here was designed to help refine nutrient budgets for Chesapeake Bay by characterizing submarine groundwater flow and discharge of groundwater beneath part of the mainstem and a major tributary, the Potomac River Estuary.
Purpose:
The purpose of this dataset is to provide the raw resistivity data collected on this date by the AGI SuperSting system. In addition, these data are provided in a format ready for processing. In some cases, small edits had to be made to the original raw files to make them suitable for processing. Both the raw and modified raw files are included. And finally, this dataset acts as a data archive.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20060906
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.454833
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -76.310367
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.295767
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.946450
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:52d10a0f-38b2-4eed-98ad-918cf088bc6f
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Field Activity Serial Number 06018
Theme_Keyword: Info Bank ID K-1-06-CH
Theme_Keyword: navigation
Theme_Keyword: bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Continuous Resistivity Profiling
Theme_Keyword: CRP
Theme_Keyword: R/V Kerhin
Theme_Keyword: Lowrance GPS
Theme_Keyword: AGI SuperSting
Theme_Keyword: raw data
Theme_Keyword: groundwater
Theme_Keyword: submarine groundwater
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: location
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: continuous resistivity profiling
Theme_Keyword: navigational data
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: North Atlantic
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Virginia
Place_Keyword: Potomac River Estuary
Place_Keyword: Chesapeake Bay
Place_Keyword: Dennis Point Marina
Place_Keyword: Solomons, Maryland
Place_Keyword: Maryland
Place_Keyword: Patuxent River
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
The public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John F. Bratton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2254
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jbratton@usgs.gov
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.6.1500
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: All the data files were checked and handled in the same manner.
Completeness_Report:
These files represent all the raw resistivity files used to process resistivity profile data on this date. In cases where corrections had to be made to the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation files and/or the raw resistivity files (STG), both the original and corrected files are included.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The primary navigation system used was a Lowrance 480M with an LGC-2000 Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna. The antenna was located 7.9 meters forward of the anchor point for the resistivity streamer, and approximately 3 meters forward of the fathometer transducer. These offsets were not entered into the GPS system. Additionally, because of navigation and fathometers issues, periodically the ship's navigation system was used to supplement these data. The ship had a Differential GPS (DGPS) system with the antenna placed in the same location as the Lowrance antenna. The fathometer was located (hull-mounted) roughly directly below the antenna, so no horizontal offset. Because of the mixture of systems, the accuracy is on the order of 20 meters.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
All the bathymetric values from this day were collected by the ship's fathometer. This fathometer was hull mounted approximately mid-ship, relatively close to the navigation antenna. The values are assumed to be accurate to within 1 meter.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title: Raw CRP Data
Type_of_Source_Media: hard disk
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20060906
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: raw crp data
Source_Contribution:
The continuous resistivity profile (CRP) system used on this cruise was an AGI SuperSting marine system described at the website: www.agiusa.com/marinesystem.shtml. The particular system used for this acquisition was a 100-m streamer with an 11 electrode array with electrodes spaced 10 meters apart. The source electrodes are graphite, while the receiver electrodes are stainless steel. A dipole-dipole configuration was used for the data collection in which two fixed current electrodes are assigned with the measurement of voltage potential between electrode pairs in the remaining electrodes. Each line of data acquisition records several files. The two files necessary for processing are the *.stg and the *.gps file. The STG file contains the resistivity data, while the GPS file contains the navigation information. The navigation system used in concert with the CRP system is a Lowrance LMS-480M with an LGC-2000 GPS antenna and a 200 kHz fathometer transducer. The transducer also contains a temperature sensor which was not working on Julian Day 249. Lowrance indicates the speed of sound used by the system is 4800 feet/second. On the first day of data collection (Julian Day 249, Sept. 6, 2006) the Lowrance transducer was side-mounted mid-ship on the port side of the boat. The remainder of the cruise the transducer was side-mounted mid-ship of the starboard side of the boat. The CRP system images the subsurface electrical properties of an estuarine, riverine or lacustrine environment. Resistivity differences can be attributed to subsurface geology (conductive vs less conductive layers) and hydrogeologic conditions with fresh water exhibiting high resistivity and saline conditions showing low resistivity.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The data were transferred from the logging computer via AGISSAdmin software version 1.03.09. The data files available for this day are L1F1*, L2F1*, L3F1*, L4F1*, L5F1* and L6F1*. These files were then transferred via a thumb drive to the processing computer.
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The first step is to check the navigation recorded in the *.gps file for each line of acquisition. Although the navigation fixes themselves appear to be okay, the fathometer data is not. To verify this, I extracted the $GPRMC line from the CRP GPS files using an AWK script. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1).
awkpullgprmc:
 BEGIN {
FS=","
}
{
FS=","
if ($1=="$GPRMC")
{
print $0
}
endif
}
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gps
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gprmc
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Used an AWK script to reformat the GPRMC navigation to a comma-delimited ANSI text navigation file suitable for loading in the GIS. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3f1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1). The text editor VI was used to add the necessary header line to each file.
awk_justgprmc:
BEGIN {
FS=","
}
{
FS= ","
ARGC = 2
if ($1=="$GPRMC") {
gpstime = $2
hr = substr($2,1,2)
min = substr($2,3,2)
sec = substr($2,5,2)
latdeg = substr($4,1,2)
latmin = substr($4,3,6)
londeg = substr($6,2,2)
lonmin = substr($6,4,6)
declat = latdeg + (latmin/60)
declon = (londeg + (lonmin/60)) * -1
date = $10
day = substr($10,1,2)
month = substr($10,3,2)
year = substr($10,5,2)
printf("%8.6f, %8.6f, %s:%s:%s, %s\n",declon, declat, hr, min, sec, date)
}
}
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gprmc
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gprmc.txt
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Using ArcView 3.3 this comma-delimited ANSI text file was loaded as an event theme. This event theme was then saved as a shapefile using Theme - Convert to shapefile. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1)
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gprmc.txt
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *.shp
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An ANSI text file containing the ship's navigation and fathometer information was transferred from the ship's system using a thumb drive.
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This text file was reformatted using an AWK script into a comma-delimited ANSI text file suitable for loading in the GIS.
awknav:
{
shipdate = $1
gpstime = $2
latdeg = substr($5,1,2)
latdecmin = $6
declat = latdeg + (latdecmin/60)
londeg = substr($7,1,3)
londecmin = $8
declon = -1 * (londeg + (londecmin/60))
depmeters = $10
printf("%s, %s, %9.6f, %9.6f, %s\n",shipdate, gpstime, declat, declon, depmeters)
}
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: usgs090606.nav
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: shippnts_249.txt
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The ANSI text file was loaded into ArcView 3.3 as an event theme and then saved as a shapefile using Theme - convert to shapefile.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: shippnts_249.txt
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: shippnts_249.shp
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Within ArcView 3.3 I used the spatial join capabilities to join the ship navigation and fathometer information to each line of resistivity navigation. This is accomplished by opening both attribute tables in ArcView. Then make the source table active (the table that I want to join to the other table). In this case, that's the attribute table for shippnts_249.shp. Within this table, click the Shape field's name. Then make the other attribute table active (*.shp where * represents the line name such as l1f1). Select the Shape field's name. Then from the table menu, choose "Join". This essentially finds the closest positional point in shippnts_249.shp and joins it to the *.shp attribute table. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1)
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.shp
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: shippnts_249.shp
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The only information I need from this joined table is the bathymetry information. So using the table properties, I turn off (uncheck the visible option) everything but the depth values. Once this is done, I use File - Export to export the table to a delimited text file. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1)
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.shp
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *_shipbathy.txt
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
I then ran an AWK script which would take the each line of the bathymetry information and convert it to the $SDDPT format that a GPS system would record. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1). The $SDDPT refers to the water depth relative to the transducer, in meters. The sentence is of the format "$SDDPT, DATA_METERS, OFFSET_METERS, MAXIMUM_METERS*hh<0D><0A> where the portion after the * is a checksum value. I manually defined everything except the actual depth values, since those are the only values I'll use.
awk_sddpt:
{
depthval = $1
printf("$SDDPT,%s,0.0*65\n",depthval)
}
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *_shipbathy.txt
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *.sddpt
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
For every line in the extracted GPRMC data, I now have a separate files with the same number of lines containing bathymetry information in the $SDDPT format. Using CYGWIN (a UNIX like environment that runs under Windows) I use the "paste" command to join the two files using a newline character as the delimiter between the two files. Essentially what this does is generate a file with a line of GPRMC data, then SDDPT and so for and so on. The syntax with the paste command I used for the resistivity navigation is: paste -d '\n' filename1 filename2 > output where filename1 is the GPRMC text file, filename2 is the bathymetry text file, and the output is the repaired GPS navigation file. (* refers to the line name, which for this day are L1F1, L2F1, L3F1, L4F1, L5F1 and L6F1)
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.gprmc
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.sddpt
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *fix.gps
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Line 5 required some additional navigation fixes. I had to substitute bad navigation at time 205333 with navigation from the ship at time 205354. I manually made the conversion from decimal degrees to degrees decimal minutes and overwrote the values in the GPS file. Based on the surrounding fixes, I set the depth value to 14.8. I also edited the heading values in the $GPRMC string to reflect reasonable values at times 205333 and 205343.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: l5f1fix.gps
Process_Date: 2006
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: l5F1fix.gps
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.34 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The source information was incomplete and had to be modified to meet the standard. The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20161027
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Degrees and decimal minutes
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
Depth_Resolution: 0.1
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Explicit depth coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John F. Bratton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2254
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jbratton@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: TEXT
Format_Information_Content:
The WinZip (version 9.0) file contains all the raw CRP data from Sept. 6, 2006 as well as the associated metadata files.
Transfer_Size: 1.03
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: GBytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: None.
Technical_Prerequisites:
The data are provided in a WinZip compressed file. The user must have software capable of uncompressing the archive. In addition, the raw data are available in a format compatible with AGI Geosciences Marine Log Manager software. The user must have software capable of reading the AGI format in order to process these data.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time

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