Thickness of Quaternary undifferentiated glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits within the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada, 2008 (ESRI GRID, QU)

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Thickness of Quaternary undifferentiated glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits within the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada, 2008 (ESRI GRID, QU)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2010-1035
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20101035
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1035/html/gis.html
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1035/gis_catalog/geology/qu.zip
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Jane F. Denny
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: Charles R. Worley
Originator: Barry J. Irwin
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Geophysical data collected from the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada, 2008-016-FA
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: online
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2010-1035
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1035/
Description:
Abstract:
In 2008, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center (WHCMSC), in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducted a geophysical and sampling survey of the riverbed of the Upper St. Clair River between Port Huron, MI, and Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. The objectives were to define the Quaternary geologic framework of the St. Clair River to evaluate the relationship between morphologic change of the riverbed and underlying stratigraphy. This report presents the geophysical and sample data collected from the St. Clair River, May 29-June 6, 2008 as part of the International Upper Great Lakes Study, a 5-year project funded by the International Joint Commission of the United States and Canada to examine whether physical changes in the St. Clair River are affecting water levels within the upper Great Lakes, to assess regulation plans for outflows from Lake Superior, and to examine the potential effect of climate change on the Great Lakes water levels ( http://www.iugls.org). This document makes available the data that were used in a separate report, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1137, which detailed the interpretations of the Quaternary geologic framework of the region. This report includes a description of the suite of high-resolution acoustic and sediment-sampling systems that were used to map the morphology, surficial sediment distribution, and underlying geology of the Upper St. Clair River during USGS field activity 2008-016-FA . Video and photographs of the riverbed were also collected and are included in this data release. Future analyses will be focused on substrate erosion and its effects on river-channel morphology and geometry. Ultimately, the International Upper Great Lakes Study will attempt to determine where physical changes in the St. Clair River affect water flow and, subsequently, water levels in the Upper Great Lakes.
Purpose:
This data set contains a grid representing the thickness of Quaternary undifferentiated glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits within the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario. These data are used to assess the relation between geologic Framework and morphologic changes in the St. Clair River channel.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20080531
Ending_Date: 20080601
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.428454
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.400611
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.015292
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.955819
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:6b356c0e-07d9-4e80-a908-7c96081f3dcb
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: seismic
Theme_Keyword: Boomer sub-bottom profiler
Theme_Keyword: Quaternary
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC field activity serial number 08016
Theme_Keyword: Sediment Thickness
Theme_Keyword: USGS R/V Rafael
Theme_Keyword: Raster Grid
Theme_Keyword: Chirp sub-bottom profiler
Theme_Keyword: glaciofluvial
Theme_Keyword: glaciolacustrine
Theme_Keyword: fluvial
Theme_Keyword: lacustrine
Theme_Keyword: interpretation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: stratigraphic thickness
Theme_Keyword: scientific interpretation
Theme_Keyword: geophysics
Theme_Keyword: geospatial datasets
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Michigan
Place_Keyword: Great Lakes
Place_Keyword: Upper Great Lakes
Place_Keyword: Lake Huron
Place_Keyword: St. Clair River
Place_Keyword: Upper St. Clair River
Place_Keyword: Canada
Place_Keyword: Ontario
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Thumbnail image of the thickness of Quaternary undifferentiated glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits within the St. Clair River
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.6.1500
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: Jane F. Denny
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Quaternary Geologic Framework of the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: on-line document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-1137
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1137/
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Stockwell
Publication_Date: 2007
Title: Seismic Un*x
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Golden, CO
Publisher: Center for Wave Phenomena - Colorado School of Mines
Online_Linkage: http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/index.html
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barry, K.M.
Originator: Cavers, D.A.
Originator: Kneale, C.W.
Publication_Date: 1975
Title: Report on recommended standards for digital tape formats
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Geophysics
Issue_Identification: v. 40, no. 02, p. 344-352.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Houston, TX
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG)
Online_Linkage:
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
This isopach map was generated from Chirp and Boomer sub-bottom data collected within the St. Clair River in 2008.
Completeness_Report:
All Boomer seismic data were used to generate this grid, supplemented with Chirp seismic data that coincides with the Boomer data.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) navigation data were acquired with a Communications Systems International (CSI), Inc. LGBX Pro receiver and sent to Boomer acquisition software, SonarWiz, where sub-bottom data were recorded in Society of Exploration Geophysicists Y (SEG-Y) format (Barry and others, 1975) with DGPS positions logged to the SEG-Y trace headers.
DGPS accuracy is 1 to 3 meters (<http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/>). Error in horizontal position is introduced due to uncertainty in the measurement of layback of the seismic source. Overall horizontal accuracy is assumed to be on the order of 5 meters.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The nominal resolution of the Boomer and Chirp sub-bottom profiling systems are on the order of 1 meter and 0.3 meters, respectively. Additional error may be introduced due to the uncertainty of the two-way travel time to depth conversion (assumed to be << 1 meter).
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The seismic reflection profiling system utilized a Boomer energy source operated with a power output of 175 joules. The Boomer source was fired at 0.5 s intervals. A single-channel Benthos AQ4 streamer received the seismic reflection signal. The analog signal was band-pass filtered between 100 and 3000 Hz. A 23-db gain was applied. The analog signal was digitized and recorded in SEG-Y format using SonarWiz.MAP +SBP software version 4.03.0089. DGPS coordinates were recorded in the SEG-Y file trace headers in arc seconds. The layback distance from the DGPS antenna to the source and receiver was estimated and applied to the position during acquisition. A total of 200 ms of data were acquired for each trace. A total of 58.5 km of Boomer profiles were collected.
Chirp sub-bottom profiles were collected using a dual-frequency (3.5 and 200 kHz) Knudsen Engineering Limited (KEL) Chirp 3200 system. Chirp sub-bottom data with a peak frequency of 3.5 kHz were recorded in SEG-Y format with DGPS navigation logged to the SEG-Y file trace headers. The Chirp system was fired at a rate of 0.25 or 0.5 s. The trace length was set to 67 ms. A total of 80 km of Chirp sub-bottom data were collected.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A Sioseis (http://sioseis.ucsd.edu/) script was executed to read the raw Boomer SEG-Y (Barry and others, 1975) files, apply a band-pass filter of 500 to 2000 Hz and Automatic Gain Control with a window length of 20 ms. Seismic Unix (version 4.1; Stockwell, 1975) was used to read the processed SEG-Y files, write a Seismic Unix file, and extract SEG-Y trace header information, which included shot number, longitude, latitude, year, filename, Julian day, and time of day (UTC). A scalar was applied to convert geographic coordinates (WGS84) to UTM zone 17 coordinates (WGS84) using Proj (version 4.6.0). The unique shot navigation for each seismic line were then concatenated into a comma delimited (.csv) text file.
Sioseis 2008; Seismic Unix 4.1; Proj, 4.6.0
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Dave Foster
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x 2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The KEL Chirp data were processed using SIOSEIS. A weighted trace mix (1 2 1) was applied and then a exponential gain (a(i) = a(i) * t1.75). Shot point navigation were derived by extracting seconds of arc position from the SEG-Y header using SeismicUnix processing software. A scalar was applied to convert to decimal degrees and UTM Zone 17 coordinates were derived using Proj.
Sioseis 2008; Seismic Unix 4.1; Proj, 4.6.0
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The processed SEG-Y files were loaded into Geographix Discovery SeisVision seismic-interpretation software and associated to the unique shot point and UTM coordinates derived in process steps 1 and 2.
Geographix Discovery SeisVision R5000
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The upper surface of glacial drift (QdU) was interpreted and digitized in Geographix Discovery SeisVision. The isochron between the upper surface of glacial drift and the riverbed were calculated exported from Geographix Discovery SeisVision.
Geographix Discovery SeisVision R5000
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x 2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Isochron points were imported into EarthVision surface modeling software. The data points were gridded at a 20 x 20-m cell size. The isochron grid then converted to thickness in meters using a constant sediment velocity of 1,650 m/s. Thickness of Quaternary undifferentiated glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine, fluvial, and lacustrine deposits (Qu) was exported as X, Y, and Z points (easting, northing, meters)at a 15 x 15-m cell size.
Dynamic Graphics, Inc. EarthVision version 7
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The X, Y, Z point data were converted to ESRI grid format using an AML script called xyz2grid.aml.
ArcGIS 9.2
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David S. Foster
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2271
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dfoster@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The ESRI grid was exported in ASCII raster format using Arc Toolbox, Conversion Tools, From Raster, Raster to ASCII.
ArcGIS 9.2
Process_Date: 2010
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The link to the data in the Identification_Information section had to be fixed. The link to the data in the Distribution_Information section had to be fixed. The link to the browse graphic was fixed. Attempted to modify http to https where appropriate. Reordered the links in the identification section to have a landing page link as the first link. Moved the minimal source information provided to make it the first process step. The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. Added the AAIGrid distribution formation to account for the ASCII grid present in the zip file. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20171019
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 438
Column_Count: 144
Vertical_Count: 1
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 15.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 15.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials.
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: AIG
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 9.2
Format_Specification: Esri binary grid
Format_Information_Content:
This WinZip (version 9.0) file contains a grid and ASCII raster file of the thickness of undifferentiated Quaternary sediment within the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada
Transfer_Size: 1
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: AAIGrid
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 9.2
Format_Specification: Esri ASCII grid
Format_Information_Content:
This WinZip (version 9.0) file contains a grid and ASCII raster file of the thickness of undifferentiated Quaternary sediment within the St. Clair River between Michigan and Ontario, Canada
Transfer_Size: 1
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
The grid contained in the qu.zip file is available as an ESRI Binary grid and an ASCII grid with an ESRI header. However, the folder structure within qu.zip is critical to proper use of the ESRI binary grid.
To utilize these data, the user must have a GIS software package capable of reading ESRI Binary grids or ASCII grids with ESRI headers, or be able to manipulate an ASCII matrix with a geospatial header. The ASCII raster files can be easily converted to ESRI grid format in either ArcView with Spatial Analyst extension (Import Data Source: ASCII Raster) or ArcGIS with Spatial Analyst extension (ASCII to Raster). The user should select floating point grid (as opposed to integer grid) when converting the data.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Jane F. Denny
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints: none

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