PNG formatted images of EdgeTech SB-512i seismic-reflection profiles collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Gulf Islands, MS, 2010.

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Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
PNG formatted images of EdgeTech SB-512i seismic-reflection profiles collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Gulf Islands, MS, 2010.
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2010-1178
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20101178
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1178/html/GIS_catalog.html
Online_Linkage: Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton
Originator: Wayne E. Baldwin
Originator: William W. Danforth
Originator: Nancy T. Dewitt
Originator: Arnell S. Forde
Originator: David S. Foster
Originator: Kyle W. Kelso
Originator: William R. Pfeiffer
Originator: Aaron M. Turecek
Originator: James G. Flocks
Originator: David C. Twichell
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Geophysical Data from offshore of the Gulf Islands National Seashore, Cat Island to Western Horn Island, Mississippi
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2010-1178
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1178/
Description:
Abstract:
In 2010, the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, MA and St. Petersburg, FL, in partnership with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District conducted geologic mapping to characterize the seafloor and shallow subsurface stratigraphy offshore of the Gulf Islands of Mississippi. The mapping was carried out during two cruises in March, 2010 on the R/V Tommy Munro of Biloxi, MS. Data were acquired with the following equipment: an SEA Ltd SwathPlus interferometric sonar (both 234 kHz and 468 kHz systems), a Klein 3000 and a Klein 3900 dual frequency sidescan-sonar, and an Edgetech 512i chirp subbottom profiling system. The long-term goal of this mapping effort is to produce high-quality, high-resolution geologic maps and geophysical interpretations that can be utilized to identify sand resources within the region and better understand the Holocene evolution and anticipate future changes in this coastal system. More information on the field work can be accessed from the Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Field Activity webpage https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2010-012-FA or the St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Geology InfoBank https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/m/m210gm/html/m-2-10-gm.meta.html.
Purpose:
PNG images of each seismic profile were generated in order to incorporate images of the seismic data into Geographic Information System (GIS) projects and data archives utilizing HTML. These PNG images represent approximately 492 km of chirp seismic data collected with the EdgeTech SB-512i in 2010. This format is universal and yields an easily browseable pictorial view of the seismic profiles. Each profile image is hotlinked to its corresponding trackline navigation contained within a polyline shapefile ('10cct02_SeismicTrackline.shp'), and even 500 shot-point locations are available in a point shapefile ('10cct02_SeismicShot_500.shp). All of these data are available in an ESRI ArcMap project, as well as separate .zip archives on this digital data DVD archive (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1178/GIS_catalog/).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100320
Ending_Date: 20100328
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -89.035786
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.637281
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.215336
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.126883
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Metadata Identifier
Theme_Keyword: USGS:5defd5bd-cbfe-4075-9fab-9b1b5b11c3a3
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: PNG
Theme_Keyword: seismic-reflection
Theme_Keyword: SEGY
Theme_Keyword: profiles
Theme_Keyword: seismic
Theme_Keyword: subbottom
Theme_Keyword: image
Theme_Keyword: chirp
Theme_Keyword: EdgeTech
Theme_Keyword: SB-512i
Theme_Keyword: R/V Tommy Munro
Theme_Keyword: St. Petersburg field activity serial number 10cct02
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: sub-bottom profiling
Theme_Keyword: image collections
Theme_Keyword: marine geophysics
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Mississippi
Place_Keyword: Gulf Islands
Place_Keyword: North Central Gulf Coast
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: West Ship Island
Place_Keyword: East Ship Island
Place_Keyword: Horn Island
Place_Keyword: Dog Key Pass
Place_Keyword: Camille Cut
Place_Keyword: Petit Bois Island
Place_Keyword: Gulfport Ship Channel
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico
Place_Keyword: Cat Island
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David C. Twichell
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Oceanographer
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2266
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dtwichell@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: Browse_Graphic_File_Description: PNG image of seismic-reflection profile
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: PNG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Version 2003 Service Pack 2
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John Stockwell
Publication_Date: 2008
Title: CWP/SU: Seismic Uni*x
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Golden, CO
Publisher: Center for Wave Phenomena - Colorado School of Mines
Online_Linkage: http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/title_page.html
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Paul Henkart
Publication_Date: 2007
Title: SIOSEIS
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: LaJolla, CA
Publisher:
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California - San Diego
Online_Linkage: http://sioseis.ucsd.edu/title_page.html
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Michael W. Norris
Originator: Alan K. Faichney
Publication_Date: 2002
Title: SEGY Rev.1 Data Exchange Format1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tulsa, OK
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Online_Linkage: http://www.seg.org/documents/10161/77915/seg_y_rev1.pdf
Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Processed seismic data were converted to portable network graphic (PNG) format for ease of seismic trace display. Quality control was conducted during processing.
Data Quality Problems: Poor sea-state conditions periodically created problems with acquisition of the chirp seismic data during the 10cct02 cruise. In most instances, heave removal processing (described in processing steps 2-4) greatly minimized the effects of sea state in the final trace data. However, the effects of particularly larger swells do remain within some of the final profiles. In the interest of preserving as much potentially interesting seafloor information as possible, we decided not to lengthen seafloor smoothing filters to the widths that would have been required to remove larger swells. We suggest viewing the PNG image of line 10i172_stk.png to illustrate heave artifacts that remain after the processing. While sea floor heave has been subdued, some of the predictable undulation of seafloor and subsurface reflections persist. In light of these problems, we caution the interpretation of seafloor features that appear to be at the same scale of heave artifacts within profiles that are obviously affected by problematic sea states.
Completeness_Report:
Only the portions of this seismic-reflection survey that lie west of Petit Bois Island are included as processed PNG images for this report. Additional seismic-data acquired east of this study area will be included in a future report.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The SB-512i was towed astern of the R/V Tommy Munro approximately 3 m below the surface. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) navigation coordinates were obtained from the Coda Octopus F190 motion reference unit (equipped with Omnistar HP) antenna and EdgeTech Discover acquisition software logged the navigation coordinates to individual trace headers in the Society of Exploration Geophysicists Y (SEG-Y), revision 1 format (Norris and Faichney, 2002). Horizontal offsets between the navigation antenna and the towfish were not accounted for during acquisition, nor was the vertical draft of the towfish beneath the sea-surface. Navigational uncertainty is increased due to fish motion behind the vessel, which is caused by sea state and vessel speed induced changes in the angle and scope of the tow cable. Resulting positional accuracy is assumed to be better than 20 m.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: unknown
Title: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Type_of_Source_Media: disc
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20100320
Ending_Date: 20100328
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Information unavailable from original metadata.
Source_Contribution:
High-resolution chirp seismic-reflection profiles were collected using an EdgeTech Geo-Star Full Spectrum Sub-bottom (FSSB) system and SB-512i towfish (0.5-12 kHz) (EdgeTech, 2008). EdgeTech Discover acquisition software was used to control the Geo-Star topside unit and digitally log trace data in the Society of Exploration Geophysicists Y (SEG-Y), revision 1, standard format (Norris and Faichney, 2002). The SB-512i towfish was towed astern of the vessel approximately 3 m below the water surface. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) navigation coordinates were obtained from the Coda Octopus F190 motion reference unit (equipped with Omnistar HP) antenna and logged to the SEG-Y trace headers. Data were acquired using a 0.5 to 8 kHz frequency sweep, a 5 millisecond pulse length, a 0.25 second shot rate, a 46 microsecond sample interval, and a 100 millisecond record length. A total of 492 km of seismic data from this survey are included in this shapefile.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An executable C-shell script called on Seismic Unix (version 4.1) to: 1) read the raw SEG-Y data and write a Seismic Unix file; 2) apply automatic gain control; and 3) write the processed traces to new SEG-Y files.
Process_Date: 201003
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arnell (Harrison) Forde
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-803-8747 x3111
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-803-2032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aharrison@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An executable C-shell script called on SIOSEIS (version 10.2.25) to: 1) read the processed SEG-Y data from the previous step and create shot gathers containing two consecutive traces; 2) create a stacked trace from the two trace gathers while maintaining the navigation coordinates (in arc-seconds) from the header of the first trace in each; and 3) write the stacked traces to new SEG-Y files. This stacking flow ensured that the resulting traces were spaced greater than 0.5 m apart along the trackline, which is a prerequisite for the traces to be loaded into GeoGraphix SeisVision (version R5000) for digital interpretation.
Process_Date: 201010
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An executable C-shell script called on SIOSEIS (version 10.2.25) to use the process WBT specifying the threshold option to predict the vertical location of the sea floor by identifying the first amplitude in each trace that exceeded a user defined value. Two-way travel times (milliseconds) to the sea floor at each trace were recorded the trace headers and saved to an ASCII text file.
Process_Date: 201009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
All SEG-Y trace data were imported into GeoGraphix SeisVision (version R5000), a 2-dimensional, digital seismic interpretation software, and seafloor values were imported as ASCII text horizon data. The horizon smooth utility was used to remove spurious seafloor values for discrete traces and corrected values were exported to a new ASCII text file.
Process_Date: 201009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An executable C-shell script called on SIOSEIS (version 10.2.25) to remove sea surface heave and mute water column portions of the traces by: 1) loading the corrected seafloor times into the SEG-Y trace headers; 2) using process 'SWELL' to suppress the heave by shifting traces vertically; and 3) muting each trace between time zero and the time of the smoothed sea floor pick using process 'MUTE', thus removing noise within the water column. Changes to the traces within each profile were saved to new "heave corrected" SEG-Y files, which were used for creation of PNG browse images and digital interpretation.
Process_Date: 201009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A script was run that used Seismic Unix (version 4.1) to read the SEG-Y files and plot the data as 8-bit gray scale Postscript files using the Seismic Unix 'psimage' algorithm. All images were created with a horizontal scale of 200 traces per inch. Images were plotted within a constant 12-inch vertical window of 50 milliseconds (Two-Way Travel Time) duration. The Postscript images were then converted to PNG format using ImageMagick (version 5.5.6).
Process_Date: 201009
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Edits to the metadata were made to fix any errors that MP v 2.9.36 flagged. This is necessary to enable the metadata to be successfully harvested for various data catalogs. In some cases, this meant adding text "Information unavailable" or "Information unavailable from original metadata" for those required fields that were left blank. Other minor edits were probably performed (title, publisher, publication place, etc.). The link to the data in the Identification_Information section had to be fixed. The link to the data in the Distribution_Information section had to be fixed. Attempted to modify http to https where appropriate. Added a landing page link as the first link in the identification section. Updated the link to the field activity. The source information was incomplete and had to be modified to meet the standard. The distribution format name was modified in an attempt to be more consistent with other metadata files of the same data format. The metadata date (but not the metadata creator) was edited to reflect the date of these changes. The metadata available from a harvester may supersede metadata bundled within a download file. Compare the metadata dates to determine which metadata file is most recent.
Process_Date: 20171026
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: USGS Thesaurus keywords added to the keyword section.
Process_Date: 20180720
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Crossref DOI link was added as the first link in the metadata.
Process_Date: 20191118
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword.
Process_Date: 20200908
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: pixel
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PNG
Format_Information_Content:
WinZip (version 14.5) files contains compressed images of processed seismic-reflection profiles as well as associated metadata.
File_Decompression_Technique: Use WinZip or pkUnzip
Transfer_Size: 89.0
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information: Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: Gbytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: none
Custom_Order_Process:
Digital copies of these chirp seismic data may also be obtained in the SEG-Y Rev. 1 standard format upon request. The data would be packaged on DVD, and contain the chirp-processed, envelope traces.
Technical_Prerequisites: These data can be viewed with any PNG image viewing software.
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Pendleton
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700x2259
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ependleton@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

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