Continuous Resistivity Profiling, Electrical Resistivity Tomography and Hydrologic Data Collected in 2017 from Indian River Lagoon, Florida

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Description Extending 200 kilometers (km) along the Atlantic Coast of Central Florida, Indian River Lagoon (IRL) is one of the most biologically diverse estuarine systems in the continental United States. The lagoon is characterized by shallow, brackish waters and a width that varies between 0.5 and 9.0 km; there is significant human development along both shores. Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center used continuous resistivity profiling (CRP, a towed electronic array) measurements, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), and basic physical water column properties (for example, depth and temperature) to investigate submarine groundwater discharge at two locations, Eau Gallie North and Riverwalk Park, along the western shore of IRL. Eau Gallie North is near the central section of IRL and Riverwalk Park is approximately 20 km north of the Eau Gallie site. At each CRP study site, an 11-electrode marine resistivity array was towed over seven north–south shore parallel transects (EA–EG and RA–RG, respectively), situated between 75–1000 meters offshore, and approximately 1.5 km in length. Each transect was mapped three times in an alternating north–south direction to account for data collected by the concurrently-operating radon mapping system (Everhart and others, 2018). Repeat streaming resistivity surveys were collected bimonthly along these same tracklines, between March and November 2017, to determine seasonal and temporal variability. Since resistivity is a function of both geology and salinity, it is assumed that temporal shifts will reflect salinity changes, as the underlying geology will be presumed to remain constant. ERT study areas consisted of land- and shallow water-based surveys, where [DC] electrical current was injected into the ground via two current electrodes and received by nine potential electrodes. Electrode positions for both sites were recorded along six transects (T01-T06) and are provided in this data release as supplemental information (please see the ERT location map files included in, [More]
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