PNG images of Edgetech SB-512i seismic-reflection data collected in 2014 by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of Fire Island, NY (PNG Format)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
PNG images of Edgetech SB-512i seismic-reflection data collected in 2014 by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of Fire Island, NY (PNG Format)
Abstract:
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted a geophysical and sampling survey in October 2014 that focused on a series of shoreface-attached ridges offshore of western Fire Island, NY. Seismic-reflection data, surficial grab samples and bottom photographs and video were collected along the lower shoreface and inner continental shelf. The purpose of this survey was to assess the impact of Hurricane Sandy on this coastal region. These data were compared to seismic-reflection and surficial sediment data collected by the USGS in the same area in 2011 to evaluate any post-storm changes in seabed morphology and modern sediment thickness on the inner continental shelf. For more information about the WHCMSC Field Activity, see: https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/fan_info.php?fan=2014-009-FA.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2017, PNG images of Edgetech SB-512i seismic-reflection data collected in 2014 by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of Fire Island, NY (PNG Format): data release DOI:10.5066/F7FF3QTQ, U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

    Online Links:

    This is part of the following larger work.

    Denny, Jane F., Schwab, William C., Ackerman, Seth D., Baldwin, Wayne E., Danforth, William W., Moore, Eric, Nichols, Alexander R., and Worley, Charles R., 2017, High-resolution geophysical and sample data collected offshore of Fire Island, NY in 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-009-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/F7FF3QTQ, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.313743
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.976662
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.679967
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.593182
  3. What does it look like?
    https://cmgds.marineusgs.gov/data/field-activity-data/2014-009-FA/data/seismics/2014-009-FA_512i_Images_browse.jpg (JPG)
    Thumbnail image of chirp seismic-reflection profile data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey offshore of Fire Island, NY, 2014.
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Beginning_Date: 20-Oct-2014
    Ending_Date: 26-Oct-2014
    Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:
      • Dimensions, type Pixel
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    The PNG images can be hyperlinked to their shapefile location in ArcGIS. The images show two-way travel time (seconds) on the y-axis and distance along profile (in 500 shot intervals, corresponding to the point features in the shapefile 2014-009-FA_512i_500sht.shp available from the larger work) on the x-axis.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: U.S. Geological Survey

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
    • U.S. Geological Survey
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    Jane F. Denny
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x 2311 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    jdenny@usgs.gov

Why was the data set created?

PNG images of each seismic profile were generated in order to incorporate images of the seismic profiles into Geographic Information System (GIS) projects and data archives. These data represent approximately 745 km of chirp seismic-reflection data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey during cruise 2014-009-FA offshore of Fire Island, NY. Each profile image can be hotlinked to its corresponding trackline navigation contained within the Esri polyline shapefile '2014-009-FA_512i_Tracklines.shp'. Shotpoint index markers along the top of the PNG images correlate to the positions of 500 shot intervals within the Esri point shapefile '2014-009-FA_512i_500sht.shp' (available from the larger work).

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    SEG-Y and JSF 512i data (source 1 of 1)
    U.S. Geological Survey, Unpublished Material, 512i PNG image data.

    Type_of_Source_Media: disc
    Source_Contribution:
    Chirp seismic data were collected using an EdgeTech Geo-Star FSSB sub-bottom profiling system and an SB-0512i towfish (0.5-12 kHz), which was mounted on a catamaran and towed astern of the M/V Scarlett Isabella offshore of Fire Island, NY. Chesapeake Technology's SonarWiz (versions 5.00.0015 and 5.06.0058) seismic acquisition software was used to control the Geo-Star topside unit, digitally log trace data in the SEG-Y Rev. 1 format (IEEE floating point) and JSF format, and record GPS navigation coordinates to the SEG-Y trace headers (in arc seconds of Latitude and Longitude, multiplied by a scalar of 100). Data were acquired using a 250 ms shot rate, a 5-ms pulse length, and a 0.5 to 8 kHz frequency sweep. Recorded trace lengths were approximately 250 ms.
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2015 (process 1 of 2)
    Scripts within SIOSEIS (version 2013.1.1) and Seismic Unix (version 4.2) were used to process SEG-Y data, create navigation files, and plot images. The processing flow and scripts used to produce navigation files including trackline shapefiles are summarized below and in the following processing steps.
    
    
    1. SIOSEIS (version 2013.1.1) was used to read SEG-Y files, renumber shots starting from one, extract the envelope-detected trace, and write out new SEG-Y files. The original shot numbers, which were assigned by SonarWiz sequentially over the duration of an acquisition session despite SEG-Y file changes, are preserved in the raw SEG-Y data.
    
    
    2. The SIOSEIS script Sio_medianstk applied a two-trace median stack (trim 50 percent of the values furthest from the median amplitude) to improve subsequent water bottom picking.
    
    
    3. The SIOSEIS script siothresh_pltwbt was used to pick the water-bottom time from the median stacked SEG-Y files, apply a swell filter to smooth water-bottom time picks and shift the trace data by the difference between the smoothed and unsmoothed water bottom time before writing the shifted trace data to a new SEG-Y file.
    
    
    4. The Seismic Unix script Plot512i_s creates a swell-filtered PNG image of the seismic profile using supsimage and ImageMagick (version 6.6.1). The resultant images are 29 inches high and contain an 80 millisecond (two-way travel time) window of data. Images show two-way travel time (seconds) along the y-axis (left margin) and distance along profile (in 500 shot intervals, corresponding to the point features in the shapefile 2014-009-FA_512i_500sht.shp) on the x-axis (along top of profile).
    
    
    Person who carried out this activity:
    Wayne Baldwin
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Rd.
    Woods Hole, MA

    (508) 548-8700 x2226 (voice)
    (508) 457-2310 (FAX)
    wbaldwin@usgs.gov
    Date: 08-Sep-2020 (process 2 of 2)
    Added keywords section with USGS persistent identifier as theme keyword. Person who carried out this activity:
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Attn: VeeAnn A. Cross
    Marine Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, MA

    508-548-8700 x2251 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    vatnipp@usgs.gov
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?
    Denny, Jane F., Schwab, William C., Baldwin, Wayne E., Bergeron, Emile, and Moore, Eric, 2015, High-resolution geophysical data collected offshore of Fire Island, New York in 2011, USGS Field Activity 2011-005-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/F75X2704, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Schwab, William C., Baldwin, Wayne E., Hapke, Cheryl J., Lentz, Erika E., Gayes, Paul T., Denny, Jane F., List, Jeffrey H., and Warner, John C., 2013, Geologic Evidence for Onshore Sediment Transport from the Inner Continental Shelf: Fire Island, New York: Journal of Coastal Research Volume 29, Issue 3, pp. 526-544., Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc., Florida, USA.

    Online Links:

    Foster, David S., Swift, Ann B., and Schwab, William C., 1999, Stratigraphic Framework Maps of the nearshore area of southern Long Island from Fire Island to Montauk Point, NY: Open-File Report 99-559, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Schwab, William C., Thieler, E. Robert, Denny, Jane F., Danforth, William W., and Hill, Jenna C., 2000, Seafloor sediment distribution off southern Long Island, New York: Open-File Report 00-243, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Schwab, W.C., Denny, J.F., and Baldwin, W.E., 2014, Maps Showing Bathymetry and Modern Sediment Thickness on the Inner Continental Shelf Offshore of Fire Island, New York, Pre-Hurricane Sandy: Open-File Report 2014-1203, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    This publication contains the backscatter image generated from data collected during WHCMSC field activity 2011-005-FA.
    Schwab, W.C., Baldwin, W.E., and Denny, J.F., 2014, Maps Showing the Change in Modern Sediment Thickness on the Inner Continental Shelf Offshore of Fire Island, New York, Between 1996-97 and 2011: Open-File Report 2014-1238, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:

    Schwab, William C., Baldwin, Wayne E., Denny, Jane F., Hapke, Cheryl J., Gayes, Paul T., List, Jeffrey H., and Warner, John C., 2014, Modification of the Quaternary stratigraphic framework of the inner-continental shelf by Holocene marine transgression: An example offshore of Fire Island, New York: Marine Geology Volume 355, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Online Links:

    Goff, J.A., Flood, R.D., Austin, J.A., Schwab, W.C., Christensen, B., Browne, C.M., Denny, J.F., and Baldwin, W.E., 2015, The impact of Hurricane Sandy on the shoreface and inner shelf of Fire Island, New York: Large bedform migration and limited erosion: Continental Shelf Research V. 98, pp. 13-25, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Online Links:

    Denny, Jane F., Danforth, William W., Couch, Stephen, and Schwab, William C., 2015, Swath bathymetry collected offshore of Fire Island and western Long Island, New York in 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-072-FA: data release DOI:10.5066/F7C827BX, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

    Online Links:


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
    Although navigation is not stored in the images, positional accuracy is relevant to the accuracy of these data. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) navigation data were acquired with an Ashtech BR2G receiver and recorded with HYPACK (www.hypack.com). The DGPS antenna was located on the aft, port-side of the acquisition van. The SB-0512i was mounted on a catamaran sled and towed at the sea surface approximately 43 m astern of the M/V Scarlett Isabella. Fish depth below water line was 0.5 meters below catamaran floats. The GPS offset from sheave was x = 8.75 m; y = -43 m; z = 0. Navigation data were sent to SonarWiz (version 5) acquisition application and offsets were recorded in the acquisitions software, which logged the coordinates to individual trace headers SEG-Y and JSF format. Layback navigation was generated to account for towfish position. Positional accuracy is assumed to be ± 10 m.
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    Sections of tracklines where navigation was recorded but no seismic data were logged are not included such as some turns and transits. There is a single image for every trackline. There is no line l67f1.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    All seismic-reflection data were collected with an Edgetech SB-512i chirp subbottom profiler. Processed seismic data were converted to PNG format for ease of seismic trace display. Quality control was conducted during processing.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    Jane F. Denny
    U.S. Geological Survey
    Geologist
    384 Woods Hole Road
    Woods Hole, Massachusetts
    USA

    508-548-8700 x 2311 (voice)
    508-457-2310 (FAX)
    jdenny@usgs.gov
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set? USGS data release 2014-009-FA 512i PNG imagery from offshore of Fire Island, NY (2014-009-FA_512i_Images.zip). The zip file contains 94 PNG images named according to line and file number convention with an '_s' appended to note swell-filter processing. A browse graphic (2014-009-FA_512i_Images_browse.png) and Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM) metadata files (2014-009-FA_512i_Images_meta.xml) in four standard formats are also included (found in 2014-009-FA_512i_Images.zip).
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    Neither the U.S. Government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
  4. How can I download or order the data?
  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?
    These data can be viewed with any PNG image viewing software. The zip files must be uncompressed in order to view the images.

Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Sep-2020
Metadata author:
Jane F. Denny
U.S. Geological Survey
Geologist
384 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
USA

508-548-8700 x 2311 (voice)
508-457-2310 (FAX)
jdenny@usgs.gov
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

This page is <https://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov/catalog/whcmsc/field_activities/2014_009_fa/2014-009-FA_512i_Images_meta.faq.html>
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