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Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center

Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Publications

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    1999   1998   1997   1996   1995   1994   1993   1992   1991 and earlier

1994

Bohlke, J.K., and Shanks, W.C., III,, 1994, Stable isotope study of hydrothermal vents at Escanaba Trough; observed and calculated effects of sediment-seawater interaction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 223–239.

Brocher, T.M., McCarthy, J., Hart, P.E., Holbrook, W.S., Furlong, K.P., McEvilly, T.V., Hole, J.A., and Klemperer, S.L., 1994, Seismic evidence for a lower-crustal detachment beneath San Francisco Bay, California: Science, v. 265 no. 5177, pp. 1436–1439.

Burton, K.W., O'Nions, R.K., Martel, D.J., and Hein, J.R., 1994, The influence of erosion and palaeogeography on seawater neodymium during the past 20 million years, in Harte, B., V. M. Goldschmidt Conference; extended abstracts: Mineralogical Magazin, v. 58A no. A-K, pp. 136–137.

Burton, K.W., O'Nions, R.K., Martel, D.J., Hein, J.R., 1994, Tracing the water mass evolution of Sr, Nd and Pb in the central Pacific Ocean, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 45–45.

Campbell, A.C., German, Chris R., Palmer, Martin R., Gamo, Toshitaka, and Edmond, John M., 1994, Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 201–221.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1994, 238U-234U-230Th in Fe-Mn crusts; U-Th behaviour and determination of sea water 230Th/232Th ratios: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 332–332.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1994, TIMS U-series study of the growth history of ferromanganese crusts, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 50–50.

Chan, L.H., Zhang, L., and Hein, J.R., 1994, Lithium isotope characteristics of marine sediments: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 314–314.

Childs, J.R., Hart, P.E., McCarthy, J., and Marlow, M.S, 1994, High-resolution seismic-reflection studies of submerged fault zones throughout the San Francisco Bay area: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 684–684.

Cochrane, G.R., Moore, J. C., Mackay, M. E., Moore, G. F., 1994, Velocity-porosity model of the Oregon accretionary prism from multichannel seismic reflection data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, pp. 7033–7043.

Colman, S.M., Carter, S.J., Hatton, J., and Haskell, B.J., 1994, Cores collected in Lake Baikal, Siberia, by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1990 to 1992; visual descriptions, photographs, x-radiographs, bulk-density measurements, and grain-size analysis: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-445, doi: 10.3133/ofr94445.

Cowan, E.A., Powell, Ross D., Carlson, Paul R., Kayen, Robert E., Cai, Jinkui, Seramur, Keith C., and Zellers, Sarah D., 1994, Cruise report; R/V Alpha Helix Cruise-173 to western Prince William Sound, Yakutat Bay, and Glacier Bay National Park, northeastern Gulf of Alaska, August 17-September 3, 1993: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-0258, 176 p.

Davis, A.S., Clague, D.A., and Friesen, W.B., 1994, Petrology and mineral chemistry of basalt from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 153–170.

Davis, E.E., and Becker, Keir, 1994, Thermal and tectonic structure of Escanaba Trough; new heat-flow measurements and seismic-reflection profiles, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 45–64.

Denlinger, R.P., and Holmes, Mark L., 1994, A thermal and mechanical model for sediment hills and associated sulfide deposits along Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds. Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 65–75.

Eittreim, S.L., Gnibidenko, H., Helseley, C.E., Sliter, R., Mann, D., and Ragozin, N., 1994, Oceanic crustal thickness and seismic character along a Central Pacific transect: Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, v. 99 no. 2, pp. 3139–3145.

Fletcher, C.H., Richmond, B., Barnes, G.M., and Schroeder, T.A., 1994, Marine flooding on the coast of Kaua‘i during Hurricane Iniki: Hindcasting inundation components and delineating Washover: Journal of Coastal Research, v. 11 no. 1, pp. 188–204.

Geist, E.L., and Scholl, D.W., 1994, Large-scale deformation related to the collision of the Aleutian Arc with Kamchatka: Tectonics, v. 13 no. 2, pp. 538–560.

Gibbs, A.E., and Hein, J.R., 1994, High trace metal concentrations in Quaternary hydrothermal stratabound manganese oxide deposits, Yap Arc, West Pacific: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 363–363.

Grassle, J.F., and Petrecca, Rosemarie F., 1994, Soft-sediment hydrothermal vent communities of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 327–335.

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Green, H.G., Orange, D., Mann, D., and Gabel, G., 1994, Fluid constructed morphology on Smooth Ridge, Central California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 598–598.

Hein, J.R., Yeh, Hsueh-Wen, Gunn, Susan H., Gibbs, Ann E., and Wang Chung-Ho, 1994, Composition and origin of hydrothermal ironstones from central Pacific seamounts: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58 no. 1, pp. 179–189.

Holbrook, W.S., Brocher, T.M., McCarthy, Jill, Hole, J.A., and ten Brink, U.S., 1994, Crustal structure beneath the San Francisco Bay Block and Central California continental margin: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 664–664.

Hostettler, F.D., Kvenvolden, K.A., 1994, Geochemical changes in crude oil spilled from the Exxon Valdez supertanker into Prince William Sound, Alaska: Organic Geochemistry, v. 21 no. 8-9, pp. 927–936, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90051-5.

Karlin, R.E., and Morton, Janet L., 1994, Crustal magnetization and basement structure of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 77–90.

Karlin, R.E., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Sedimentation and neotectonism in the SESCA area, Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 131–141.

Koski, R.A., Benninger, L.M., Zierenberg, R.A., and Jonasson, I.R., 1994, Composition and growth history of hydrothermal deposits in Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge: In: Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R.A., and Reiss, C.A. (Eds.). U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022(Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California), pp. 293–324, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Koski, R.A., Embley, R.W., Ross, S.L., Dziak, R.P., Bohannon, R.G., Smith, V.K., Reid, J.A., Gray, L.B., and Tormanen, T.O., 1994, Tectonism and lithologic variation along the Blanco Ridge, eastern Blanco fracture zone, NE Pacific; preliminary results from the PACNORWEST III Cruise, 1994: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 656–656.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, J. B., and Hostettler, F. D., 1994, Hydrocarbons in sediment from Escanaba Trough; In, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2202, pp. 279–292, URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Kvenvolden, K.A., 1994, Organic Geochemistry--Principles and applications: Organic Geochemistry, v. 22 no. 2, pp. 353–354, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90182-1.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, J.B., Hostettler, F.D., Rosenbauer, R.J., 1994, Laboratory simulation of hydrothermal petroleum formation from sediment in Escanaba Trough, offshore from northern California: Organic Geochemistry, v. 22 no. 6, pp. 935–945, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90030-2.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, John B., and Hostettler, Frances D, 1994, Hydrocarbons in sediment from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 279–292.

Lee, H.J., Torresan, M.E., and McArthur, W., 1994, Stability of submerged slopes on the flanks of the Hawaiian Islands, a simplified approach: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-638, 54 p., URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1994/0638/report.pdf.

Magenheim, A.J., and Gieskes, Joris M., 1994, Evidence for hydrothermal fluid flow through surficial sediments, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 241–255.

Marlow, M.S., Hart, P.E., Carlson, P.R., Childs, J.R., Mann, D.M., Anima, R.J., and Kayen, R.E., 1994, High-resolution seismic-reflection profiles and interpretation pitfalls created by acoustic anomalies from Holocene muds beneath South San Francisco Bay: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-0639, 16 p.

Marlow, M.S., Hart, P.E., Childs, J.R., Mann, D.M., Mann, G.M., Carlson, P.R., and Anima, R.J., 1994, A major unconformity beneath South San Francisco Bay and the development of San Leandro Basin: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 683–683.

McCarthy, J., and T. Parsons, 1994, Insights into the kinematic Cenozoic evolution of the Basin and Range-Colorado Plateau transition from coincident seismic refraction and reflection data: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, pp. 747–759.

McCarthy, J., Hart, P.E., Anima, R., Oppenheimer, D., and Parsons, T., 1994, Seismic evidence for faulting in the western Sacramento Delta region, Pittsburg, California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 684–685.

McCrory, P.A., 1994, Late Quaternary thrust faulting along the Cascadia margin, Washington; implications for partitioning of strain: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 622–622.

McCrory, P.A., 1994, Quaternary crustal shortening along the central Cascadia subduction margin, Washington: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 523–523.

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McGann, M., Hemphill-Haley, Eileen, and Quinterno, Paula J., 1994, Foraminiferal faunal succession in laminated sediments off Central California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 347–347.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R. A., and Reiss, C. A., 1994, Eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2202, 359 p., URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Morton, J.L., and Fox, Christopher G., 1994, Structural setting and interaction of volcanism and sedimentation at Escanaba Trough; geophysical results, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 21–43.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough; an introduction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 1–18.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, 359 p.

Nokleberg, W.J., Parfenov, L.M., Monger, J.W.H., Baranov, B.B., Byalobzhesky, S.G., Bundtzen, T.K., Feeney, T.D., Fujita, K., Gordey, S.P., Grantz, A., Khanchuk, A.I., Natal'in, B.A., Natapov, L.M., Norton, I.O., Patton Jr., W.W., Plafker, G., Scholl, D.W., Sokolov, S.D., Sosunov, G.M., Stone, D.B., Tabor, R.W., Tsukanov, N.V., Vallier, T.L., and Wakita, K., 1994, Circum-North Pacific tectonostratigraphic terrane map: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-714, 222 p., URL: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr94714.

Normark, W.R., Gutmacher, C.E., Zierenberg, R.A., Wong, F.L., and Rosenbauer, R.J., 1994, Sediment fill of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 91–129.

Parsons, T., G. A. Thompson, and N. H. Sleep, 1994, Mantle plume influence on the Neogene uplift and extension of the U.S. western Cordillera? Geology, v. 23, pp. 83–86.

Parsons, T., McCarthy, Jill, and Hart, P.E., 1994, The nature of lower crustal reflectors beneath San Francisco Bay, California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 643–643.

Quinterno, P.J., 1994, Quaternary foraminifers from Escanaba Trough, Northeast Pacific Ocean, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 337–359.

Reiss, C.A., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Preliminary Report of the 1988 A2-88-NC Gorda Ridge Cruise: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-711, 109 p.

Ross, S.L., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Volcanic geomorphology of the SESCA and NESCA sites, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 143–151.

Torresan, M.E., Barber, J.H., Jr., Hampton, M.A., Dartnell, P., Chezar, H., McLaughlin, M.W., Gowen, M.H., and Zink, L.L., 1994, Ground truthing high-backscatter dredged material deposits in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: EOS Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, 319 p.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Gowen, M.H., Barber, J.H., Jr., Chase, T.E., Zink, L.L., Dartnell, P., 1994, Cruise report K1-93-HW: Acoustic mapping of dredged spoil disposal sites and deposits in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, 56 p.

Yeh, H.W., Hein, J.R., Chan, L.H., and Wiltshire, J.C., 1994, C-, O-, and Sr-isotope geochemistry of francolite from some seamount phosphorite in North Pacific Basin, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 359–359.

Zierenberg, R.A., Morton, J.L., Koski, R.A., and Ross, S.L., 1994, Geologic setting of massive sulfide mineralization in Escanaba Trough: In: Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R.A., and Reiss, C.A. (Eds.). U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022(Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California), pp. 171–197.

Zierenberg, R.A., and Shanks, Wayne C., II, 1994, Sediment alteration associated with massive sulfide formation in Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge; the importance of seawater mixing and magnesium metasomatism, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 257–277.

1993

Barnes, P.W., McCormick, M., and Guy. D., 1993, Winter coastal observations, Lake Erie, Ohio shore: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-539, URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr93539.

Binard, N., Moore, J.G., Normark, W.R., and Holcomb, R.T., 1993, Comparison of features identified by swath-sonar mapping (GLORIA) and their 3.5 kHz echo-sounding features on the Hawaiian Ridge: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 342–342.

Bohannon, R.G., Geist, E.L., and Sorlien, C., 1993, Miocene extensional tectonism on California continental borderland between San Clemente and Patton Escarpment: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 77 no. 4, pp. 691–691.

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Brocher, T.M., and Moses, M.J., 1993, Onshore-offshore wide-angle seismic recordings of the San Francisco Bay Area Seismic Imaging Experiment (BASIX): the five-day recorder data: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-276, 89 p., URL: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr93276.

Burton, K.W., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1993, Tracing the water mass evolution of Pb, Nd and Sr in the central Pacific Ocean; fine scale records from a ferromanganese crust: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 339–339.

Carlson, P.R., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 1993, Tracking Exxon Valdez oil from beach to deep-water sediments of Prince William Sound, Alaska: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium, Program and Abstracts,Anchorage, AK, 43–45 p.

Carlson, P.R., Karl, H.A., Edwards, B.D., Gardner, J.V., and Hall, R., 1993, Mass movement related to large submarine canyons along the Beringian margin, Alaska, in Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine landslides; selected studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2002, pp. 104–116.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1993, A high-resolution record of sea water U-Th isotopes obtained from ferromanganese crusts: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 339–340.

Dadisman, S.V., 1993, Submarine progressive failures along the western Hawaiian Ridge: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 563–563.

Davis, A.S., Gunn, S.H., Gray, L.B., Marlow, M.S., and Wong, F.L., 1993, Petrology and isotopic composition of Quaternary basanites dredged from the Bering Sea continental margin near Navarin Basin: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 30 no. 5, pp. 975–984, doi: 10.1139/e93-081.

Gardner, J.V., Cacchione, D.A., Drake, D.E., Edwards, B.D., Field, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Karl, H.A., Kenyon, N.H., Masson, D.G., McCulloch, D.S., and Grim, M.S., 1993, Map showing depth to basement in the deep-sea basins of the Pacific continental margin, Cape Mendocino to Point Conception: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2090-B, URL: https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/2090/b/.

Gardner, J.V., Cacchione, D.A., Drake, D.E., Edwards, B.D., Field, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Karl, H.A., Kenyon, N.H., Masson, D.G., McCulloch, D.S., and Grim, M.S., 1993, Map showing depth to basement in the deep-sea basins of the Pacific continental margin, Strait of Juan de Fuca to Cape Mendocino: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2091-B, URL: https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/2091/b/.

Gardner, J.V., Cacchione, D.A., Drake, D.E., Edwards, B.D., Field, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Karl, H.A., Kenyon, N.H., Masson, D.G., McCulloch, D.S., and Grim, M.S., 1993, Map showing sediment isopachs in the deep-sea basins of the Pacific continental margin, Cape Mendocino to Point Conception: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2090-A, URL: https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/2090/a/.

Gardner, J.V., Cacchione, D.A., Drake, D.E., Edwards, B.D., Field, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Karl, H.A., Kenyon, N.H., Masson, D.G., McCulloch, D.S., and Grim, M.S., 1993, Map showing sediment isopachs in the deep-sea basins of the Pacific continental margin, Strait of Juan de Fuca to Cape Mendocino: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2091-A, URL: https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/2091/a/.

Geist, E.L., Fisher, M.A., and Scholl, D.W., 1993, Large-scale deformation associated with ridge subduction: Geophysical Journal International, v. 115 no. 2, pp. 344–366, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1993.tb01191.x.

Gibbs, A.E., and Hein, J.R., 1993, Palygorskite and Fe-Mn mineralization at a Central California margin fracture zone: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 442–442.

Gibbs, A.E., Hein, J.R., Lewis, S.D., and McCulloch, D.S., 1993, Hydrothermal palygorskite and ferromanganese mineralization at a Central California margin fracture zone: Marine Geology, v. 115 no. 1-2, pp. 47–65.

Ginsburg, G.D., Soloviev, V.A., Cranston, R.E., Lorenson, T.D., Kvenvolden, K.A., 1993, Gas hydrates from the continental slope, offshore Sakhalin Island, Okhotsk Sea: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 13 no. 1, pp. 41–48, doi: 10.1007/Bf01204391.

Grantz, A., Barnes, P.W., Gray, L.B., Hart, P.E., Hogg, D.J., May, S.D., McCormick, M., McLaughlin, M.W., Mullen, M.W., Phillips, R.L., Olson, W.P., Jr., O'Toole, J.K., Reimnitz, E., Rideout, R.W., Jr., Robinson, W.C., Foley, K.M., Bischof, J., Gagnon, A.R., Jeffries, M.O., Li, S., Schwartz, K., Norgaard-Pedersen, N., and Perkin, R., 1993, Cruise to the Chukchi Borderland, Arctic Ocean: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 22, pp. 249–254, doi: 10.1029/93EO00273.

Grantz, A., Hart, P.E., Phillips, R.L., McCormick, M., Perkin, R.G., Jackson, R., Gagnon, A., Li, S., Byers, C., and Schwartz, K.R., 1993, Cruise report and preliminary results, U.S. Geological Survey Cruise P1-93-AR, Northwind Ridge and Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, aboard USCGC Polar Star, August 16-September 15, 1993: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-0389, 35 p., URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr93389.

Gutmacher, C.E., and Normark, W.R., 1993, Sur submarine landslide, a deep-water sediment slope failure, in Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine landslides; selected studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2002, pp. 158–166.

Hampton, M.A., 1993, Comparison of tectonic and stratigraphic control of submarine landslides on the Kodiak upper continental slope, Alaska, in Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine landslides; selected studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2002, pp. 117–122.

Hampton, M.A., Wong, F.L., Lugo, R.V., and Steele, C.W., 1993, Map of seafloor declivity and fall lines on the continental slope, Gulf of Farallones, Central California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-298, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr93298.

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Hart, P., McCarthy, J., Karageorgi, E., and McEvilly, T., 1993, Seismic reflection profiling in the San Francisco Bay area; the 1991 Bay Area Seismic Imaging Experiment (BASIX): , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 417–418.

Hein, J.R., 1993, Composition and origin of the Moanda manganese deposit, Gabon: 16th International Colloquium on Africa Geology, Geological Survey and Mines Department of Swaziland, Ezulwini, Swaziland, pp. 150–152.

Hein, J.R., Yeh, H.-W., Gunn, S.H., Sliter, W.V., Benninger, L.M., and Wang, C.-H., 1993, Two major Cenozoic episodes of phosphogenesis recorded in Equatorial Pacific seamount deposits: Paleoceanography,, v. 8 no. 2, pp. 293–311.

Howell, D.G.,(Ed.), Wiese, K., Fanelli, M., Zink, L., and Cole, F.,(Assoc. Eds.), 1993, The Future of Energy Gases: Professional Paper 1570, 890 p. p., URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp1570.

Karl, H.A., Schwab, W.C., Chin, J.L., 1993, Gulf of the Farallones Geologic Inventory Investigation--A Prototype for Environmental Studies on Continental Margins Off Major Urban Areas: Proceedings of Marine Technology Society, S. Kelly (ed.), pp. 16–50, URL: https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/farallon/marsoc.html.

Karl, H.A., Chin, J.L., Schwab, W.C., Ueber, E., Ota, A.Y., 1993, Seafloor Mapping and Characterization: Application of Basic Marine Research to Environmental Management of the Urban Ocean: 1993 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, URL: https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/farallon/hk93gsa.html.

Kinoshita, K.L., Noble, M.A., and Ramp, S.R., 1993, The Farallones moored array data report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-11, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr9311.

Kvenvolden, K.A., 1993, Gas hydrates--geological perspective and global change: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 31 no. 2, doi: 10.1029/93rg00268.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Carlson, P.R., Threlkeld, C.N., Warden, A., 1993, Possible connection between two Alaskan catastrophes occurring 25 yr apart (1964 and 1989): Geology, v. 21 no. 9, URL: http://geology.gsapubs.org/cgi/doi/10.1130/0091-7613(1993)021<0813:PCBTAC>2.3.CO;2.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Collett, T.S., and Lorenson, T.D., 1993, Studies of Permafrost and Gas-Hydrates as Possible Sources of Atmospheric Methane at High Latitudes: In: Oremland, R.S. (Ed.). Biogeochemistry of Global Change, Springer US, pp. 487–501, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4615-2812-8_26.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Ginsburg, G.D., Soloviev, V.A., 1993, Worldwide distribution of subaquatic gas hydrates: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 13 no. 1, pp. 32–40, doi: 10.1007/Bf01204390.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Hostettler, F.D., Rapp, J.B., Carlson, P.R., 1993, Hydrocarbons in oil residues on beaches of islands of Prince William Sound, Alaska: Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 26 no. 1, pp. 24–29, doi: 10.1016/0025-326x(93)90593-9.

Li, Y.-G., Henyey, T.L., Okaya, D.A., Davis, P.M., Day, S.M., and Bohannon, R.G., 1993, Offshore-to-onshore seismic recording in the Southern California borderlands-Peninsular Ranges: , American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Abstracts page 445.

Maher, N.M., Jere A. Swanson, Herman A. Karl, and John L. Chin, 1993, Computer generated shaded relief and perspective view images of the seafloor offshore Central California: abs. 1993 Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference at Stanford Sierra Camp, Fallen Leaf Lake, California, URL: https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/farallon/nm93epoc.html.

McCarthy, J., and Hart, P.E., 1993, Data report for the 1991 Bay area seismic imaging experiment (BASIX): U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-301, 26 p., URL: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr93301.

McCarthy, J., Hart, P., Karageorgi, E., and McEvilly, T., 1993, Seismic profiling across an evolving transform margin; results from the 1991 Bay Area Seismic Imaging eXperiment (BASIX): , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 310–310.

McCrory, P.A., 1993, Isopach map showing Quaternary deposits in the Gulf of Santa Catalina area, California: U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2212, 2 p.

McCrory, P.A., Ingle, J.C., Jr., Wilson, D.S., and Stanley, R.G., 1993, Neogene transfer of central California to the Pacific Plate; implications for evolution of the San Andreas transform: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 586–586.

Normark, W.R., Wilde, Pat, Campbell, J.F., Chase, T.E., and Tsutsui, Bruce, 1993, Submarine slope failures initiated by Hurricane Iwa, Kahe Point, Oahu, Hawaii, in Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine landslides; selected studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2002, pp. 197–204.

Parsons, T., and G. A. Thompson, 1993, Does magmatism influence low-angle normal faulting? Geology, v. 21, pp. 247–250.

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Pope, D.C., Brocher, T.M., McCarthy, J., Karageorgi, E.D., and Holbrook, W.S., 1993, Comparison of recording technology for onshore-offshore seismic profiling of continental margins; examples from BASIX: , American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Abstracts. pp. 445–445.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Barber Jr., J.H., Field, M.E., Dartnell, P., and Gowen, M.H., 1993, High-resolution acoustic mapping of dredged spoil deposits and disposal sites in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: GSA Abstracts with Programs 25(6).

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Gowen, M.H., Barber Jr., J.H., and Dartnell, P., 1993, Acoustic mapping of dredged spoil deposits and disposal sites in Mamala Bay, Oahu: EOS Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, 343 p.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Gowen, M.H., Dartnell, P., and Zink, L.L., 1993, Monitoring dredged spoil disposal sites in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii, abs. The 1993 Exclusive Economic Zone Symposium Proceedings with Abstracts.

von Blanckenburg, F.V., Belshaw, N., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1993, Use of (super 10) Be/ (super 9) Be as a water mass tracer; variations in Atlantic and Pacific seawater: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 367–367.

Wessells, S.M., Reimnitz, E., Barnes, P.W., and Kempema, E.W., 1993, Drift ice as a geologic agent: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-237, URL: https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/scivideos/DriftIce.html.

Williams, P.L., McEvilly, T.V., Anima, R., McCarthy, J., Nakata, T., Okamura, M., and Shimazaki, K., 1993, Fault activity, geometry, and recurrence behavior at the junction of the Rodgers Creek and Pinole faults, California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74 no. 43, pp. 411–411.


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