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Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center

Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Publications

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1995

Bohannon, R.G., Parsons, T., 1995, Tectonic implications of post–30 Ma Pacific and North American relative plate motions: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107 no. 8, pp. 937–959, URL: http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/cgi/doi/10.1130/0016-7606(1995)107<0937:TIOPMP>2.3.CO;2.

Brocher, T.M., Allen, R.M., Stone, D.B., Wolf, L.W., and Galloway, B.K., 1995, Data report for onshore-offshore wide-angle seismic recordings in the Bering-Chukchi Sea, western Alaska and eastern Siberia: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-650, 57 p., URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr95650.

Brocher, T.M., Clayton, Robert W., Klitgord, Kim D., Bohannon, Robert G., Sliter, Ray W., McRaney, John K., Gardner, James V., and Keene, J.B., 1995, Multichannel seismic-reflection profiling on the R/V Maurice Ewing during the Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE), California: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-0228, 70 p.

Carlson, P.R., Anima, R.J., Mann, G.M., Marlow, M.S., and Ingram, L., 1995, Buried channel system of South San Francisco Bay, clues to late Holocene sedimentary processes and environmental fluctuations: , American Association of Petroleum Geologists Pacific Section Meeting, San Francisco, California. , pp. 580–581, URL: http://www.searchanddiscovery.com/abstracts/html/1995/pacific/abstracts/0580e.htm.

Carlson, P.R., Kvenvolden, K.A., Hostettler, F.D., Rapp, J.B., Threlkeld, C.N., and Warden, A., 1995, Oil spills, 25 yrs apart, in Prince William Sound, Alaska: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 9–9.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1995, (super 238) U- (super 234) U- (super 230) Th chronometry of Fe-Mn crusts; growth processes and recovery of thorium isotope ratios of seawater: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 59 no. 3, pp. 633–638.

Chavez, P.S., and Karl, H.A., 1995, Detection of barrels and waste disposal sites on the seafloor using spatial variability analysis on sidescan sonar and bathymetry images: Marine Geodesy, v. 18 no. 3, pp. 197–211, doi: 10.1080/15210609509379756.

Dadisman, S.V., and Scholl, W.D., 1995, Subduction of the Meiji sediment drift, cause of isotopic enrichment and excessive arc magmatism at Kamchatka's Klyuchevskoy Volcano: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 76 no. 46, 538 p.

Davis, A.S., Gunn, S.H., Bohrson, W.A., Gray, L.-B., Hein, J.R., 1995, Chemically diverse, sporadic volcanism at seamounts offshore southern and Baja California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107 no. 5, pp. 554–570, URL: http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/107/5/554.abstract.

Davis, A.S., Gunn, S.H., Bohrson, W.A., Gray, L.-B., and Hein, J.R., 1995, Chemically diverse, sporadic volcanism at seamounts offshore Southern and Baja California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107 no. 5, pp. 554–570.

Dean, W.E., and Gardner, J.V., 1995, Geochemistry of surface sediments in the Gulf of the Farallones: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-527, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr95527.

Froelich, P.N., Kvenvolden, K.A., Torres, M.E., Waseda, A., Didyk, B.M., and Lorenson, T.D., 1995, Geochemical evidence for gas hydrate in sediment near the Chile triple junction; In Lewis, S.D., Behrmann, J.H., Musgrave, R.J., and Cande, S.C. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 141: , Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results. Ocean Drilling Program Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 141 Scientific Results, , pp. 279–286, doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.141.019.1995.

Gardner, J.V., Edwards, B. D., Dean, Walter, E., Wilson, J., 1995, P-wave velocity, wet bulk density, magnetic susceptibility, acoustic impedance, and visual core descriptions of sediment recovered during research cruise EW9504: data, techniques, and procedures: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-533, 288 p.

Grantz, A., May, Steven D., Hart, Patrick E., and Srivastava, S.P., 1995, Crustal structure of the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, and the character of the continental margin north of Alaska: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 76 no. 46, pp. 592–593.

Hampton, M.A., Torresan, M.E., Barber, J.H., Jr., Wong, F.L., Chezar, H., Gowen, M.H., and Chase, T.E., 1995, Multimedia survey of the Mamala Bay sea floor, Hawaii:: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 201–201.

Hart, P.E., Grantz, Arthur, May, Steven D., O'Toole, Kevin, and Erickson, Jon, 1995, Seismic profiling through the Arctic Ocean ice pack: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 76 no. 46, pp. 589–589.

Karl, H., Chavez, P., Ueber, E., VanPeeters, W., Curl, H., Chin, J., Maher, N., 1995, Acoustic and Visual Remote Sensing of Barrels of Radioactive Waste: Application of Civilian and Military Technology to Environmental Management of the Oceans: 1995 Pacific Section AAPG meeting, URL: https://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/farallon/hk95aapg.html.

Kinoshita, K., and Noble, M., 1995, Monterey Submarine Canyon, California Moored Array Data Report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-838, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr95838.

Kvenvolden, K.A., 1995, A review of the geochemistry of methane in natural gas hydrate: Organic Geochemistry, v. 23 no. 11-12, pp. 997–1008, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(96)00002-2.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Hostettler, F.D., Carlson, P.R., Rapp, J.B., Threlkeld, C.N., Warden, A., 1995, Ubiquitous Tar Balls with a California-Source Signature on the Shorelines of Prince William Sound, Alaska: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 29 no. 10, pp. 2684–2694, doi: 10.1021/es00010a033.

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Kvenvolden, K.A., Rullkötter, J., Hostettler, F.D., Rapp, J.B., Littke, R., Disko, U., Scholz-Böttcher, B., 1995, 22. High-Molecular-Weight Hydrocarbons in a South Latitude Setting off the Coast of Chile, Site 859: , Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 141 Scientific Results. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 141 Scientific Results 141, Ocean Drilling Program, , pp. 287–297, doi: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.141.020.1995.

Kvenvolden, K.A., and Carlson, Paul E., 1995, Oil spills in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in Carter, L.M.H., ed., Energy and the environment; application of geosciences to decision-making: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1108, pp. 105–107.

Lee, H.J., Drake, D.E., Edwards, B.D., Hamer, M.R., Hampton, M.A., Karl, H.A., Kayen, R.E., and Wong, F.L., 1995, Mapping the distribution and character of contaminated sediment on the continental margin near Los Angeles, California, in Linked Earth systems: congress program and abstracts; v. 1: Tulsa, OK, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists.

Luepke, G., 1995, Heavy minerals from cores in a deep-sea channel off Cape Mendocino, California: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-0587, 7 p.

Marlow, M.S., Anima, R.J., Carlson, P.R., Childs, P.R., Hart, P.E., Jachens, P.E., Mann, R.C., and Sliter, R.W., 1995, San Leandro Basin; a filled sedimentary basin beneath South San Francisco Bay: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 79 no. 4, pp. 592–592.

Masson, D.G., Kenyon, N.H., Gardner, J.V., and Field, M.E., 1995, Monterey Fan: channel and overbank morphology: In: Pickering, K.T., Hiscott, R.N., Kenyon, N.H., Ricci Lucchi, F., Smith, R.D.A. (Eds.). Atlas of Deep Water Environments, Springer Netherlands, pp. 74–79, doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-1234-5_13.

McCarthy, J., Hart, P.E., and Oppenheimer, D., 1995, High angle faulting in western Sacramento Delta region, Pittsburg, California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 79 no. 4, pp. 592–592.

McCarthy, J., Hart, P., and Childs, J.R., 1995, Deep reflective character of the San Francisco Bay block; results from the 1995 BASIX Bay cable experiment: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program. , pp. 287–287.

McCrory, P.A., Wilson, D.S., Ingle, J.C., Jr., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Neogene transfer of Central California to the Pacific Plate; evidence from Santa Maria Basin, California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 79 no. 4, pp. 593–593.

McCrory, P.A., Wilson, D.S., Ingle, J.C., Jr., Stanley, R.G., Dumont, M.P., and Barron, J.A., 1995, Neogene geohistory analysis of Santa Maria Basin, California, and its relationship to transfer of Central California to the Pacific Plate. Diatom biochronology of the Sisquoc Formation in the Santa Maria Basin, California, and its paleoceanographic and tectonic implications: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-J,K, 55 p.

McGann, M., 1995, 3500-year B.P. record of climatic change in estuarine deposits of south San Francisco Bay, California, In Sanginés, E. M., D. W. Andersen, and A. V. Buising, (editors), Recent geologic studies in the San Francisco Bay area: Pacific Section, Society of Sedimentary Geology (SEPM), v. 76, pp. 225–236.

McGann, M., 1995, Oscillating estuarine conditions recorded in Holocene deposits near present-day San Francisco International Airport: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 79 no. 4, pp. 593–593.

Moore, J.G., Bryan, Wilfred B., Beeson, Melvin H., and Normark, William R., 1995, Giant blocks in the South Kona Landslide, Hawaii: Geology, v. 23 no. 2, pp. 125–128.

Nelson, H., and Bacon, C.R., 1995, Crater Lake National Park: Presently Tranquil: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/crater-lake/.

Parsons, T., 1995, The Basin and Range Province, in K. Olsen ed. Continental Rifts: evolution, structure and tectonics, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 277–324.

Parsons, T., and J. McCarthy, 1995, The active southwest margin of the Colorado Plateau: Uplift of mantle origin: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107, pp. 139–147.

Parsons, T., N. I. Christensen, and H. G. Wilshire, 1995, Velocities of southern Basin and Range xenoliths: Insights on the nature of lower crustal reflectivity and composition: Geology, v. 23, pp. 129–132.

Piper, D.J.W., W. R. Normark, and R. N. Hiscott, 1995, Chp. 28: Holocene sand body geometry, Hueneme Fan, California Borderland, in An Atlas of Deep-Water Environments: Architectural Style in Turbidite Systems, ed.by Pickering, K. T., Hiscott, R. N., Kenyon, N., Ricci Lucchi, R., Smith, R.; Chapman and Hall, London, p. 203-206. Normark, W. R., D. J. W. Piper, and R. N. Hiscott, 1997, Sea level effects on the textural characteristics and depositional architecture of the Hueneme and associated submarine fan systems, Santa Monica Basin, California: Sedimentology, v. 45, pp. 53–70.

Rubin, D.M., and McDonald, R.R., 1995, Nonperiodic eddy pulsations: Water Resources Research, v. 31 no. 6, pp. 1595–1605.

Ryan, H.F., and Stevenson, A.J., 1995, Cruise report for C1-94-OW: Reconnaissance high resolution Geopulse data acquired for seismic hazard studies along the Columbia River from July 18-22, 1994: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-668, 38 p., URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr95668.

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Torresan, M.E., M A Hampton, J H Barber, F L Wong, L L Zink, K Dadey, 1995, Monitoring Ocean Disposal Sites: An Example of an Integrated and Coordinated Study From Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: AGU Fall Meeting poster O12B-36.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Barber, J.H.J., and Wong, F.L., 1995, K1-95-HW Cruise Report: Sediment Chemistry and Biological Sampling Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-839, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/0839/.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Gowen, M.H., Barber, J., J.H., Zink, L.L., Chase, T.E., Wong, F.L., Gann, J.T., and Dartnell, P., 1995, Final Report: Acoustic mapping of dredged material disposal sites and deposits in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-017, 53 p., URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/of95-017/.

van Geen, A., Fairbanks, R.G., Dartnell, P., McGann, M., Gardner, J.V., and Kashgarian, M., 1995, Changes in ventilation of the Northeast Pacific during the last deglaciation: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transaction, v. 76 no. 17, pp. 180–180.

von Blanckenburg, F., Belshaw, N.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1995, Study of beryllium isotopes in oceanic deep-water circulation from Recent ferromanganese crusts, in Global change and marine geology: 85; Jahrestagung der Geologischen Vereinigung e.V.; Zusammenfassung der Tagungsbeitraege: Bonn, Terra Nostra, v. 1-95, pp. 5–5.

Wong, F.L., 1995, Sediment distribution on a stream-dominated continental margin, northern California: Implications from heavy-mineral studies: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-614, URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1995/0614/report.pdf.

1994

Bohlke, J.K., and Shanks, W.C., III,, 1994, Stable isotope study of hydrothermal vents at Escanaba Trough; observed and calculated effects of sediment-seawater interaction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 223–239.

Brocher, T.M., McCarthy, J., Hart, P.E., Holbrook, W.S., Furlong, K.P., McEvilly, T.V., Hole, J.A., and Klemperer, S.L., 1994, Seismic evidence for a lower-crustal detachment beneath San Francisco Bay, California: Science, v. 265 no. 5177, pp. 1436–1439.

Burton, K.W., O'Nions, R.K., Martel, D.J., and Hein, J.R., 1994, The influence of erosion and palaeogeography on seawater neodymium during the past 20 million years, in Harte, B., V. M. Goldschmidt Conference; extended abstracts: Mineralogical Magazin, v. 58A no. A-K, pp. 136–137.

Burton, K.W., O'Nions, R.K., Martel, D.J., Hein, J.R., 1994, Tracing the water mass evolution of Sr, Nd and Pb in the central Pacific Ocean, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 45–45.

Campbell, A.C., German, Chris R., Palmer, Martin R., Gamo, Toshitaka, and Edmond, John M., 1994, Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 201–221.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1994, 238U-234U-230Th in Fe-Mn crusts; U-Th behaviour and determination of sea water 230Th/232Th ratios: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 332–332.

Chabaux, F., Cohen, A.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1994, TIMS U-series study of the growth history of ferromanganese crusts, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 50–50.

Chan, L.H., Zhang, L., and Hein, J.R., 1994, Lithium isotope characteristics of marine sediments: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 314–314.

Childs, J.R., Hart, P.E., McCarthy, J., and Marlow, M.S, 1994, High-resolution seismic-reflection studies of submerged fault zones throughout the San Francisco Bay area: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 684–684.

Cochrane, G.R., Moore, J. C., Mackay, M. E., Moore, G. F., 1994, Velocity-porosity model of the Oregon accretionary prism from multichannel seismic reflection data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, pp. 7033–7043.

Colman, S.M., Carter, S.J., Hatton, J., and Haskell, B.J., 1994, Cores collected in Lake Baikal, Siberia, by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1990 to 1992; visual descriptions, photographs, x-radiographs, bulk-density measurements, and grain-size analysis: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-445, doi: 10.3133/ofr94445.

Cowan, E.A., Powell, Ross D., Carlson, Paul R., Kayen, Robert E., Cai, Jinkui, Seramur, Keith C., and Zellers, Sarah D., 1994, Cruise report; R/V Alpha Helix Cruise-173 to western Prince William Sound, Yakutat Bay, and Glacier Bay National Park, northeastern Gulf of Alaska, August 17-September 3, 1993: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-0258, 176 p.

Davis, A.S., Clague, D.A., and Friesen, W.B., 1994, Petrology and mineral chemistry of basalt from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 153–170.

Davis, E.E., and Becker, Keir, 1994, Thermal and tectonic structure of Escanaba Trough; new heat-flow measurements and seismic-reflection profiles, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 45–64.

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Denlinger, R.P., and Holmes, Mark L., 1994, A thermal and mechanical model for sediment hills and associated sulfide deposits along Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds. Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 65–75.

Eittreim, S.L., Gnibidenko, H., Helseley, C.E., Sliter, R., Mann, D., and Ragozin, N., 1994, Oceanic crustal thickness and seismic character along a Central Pacific transect: Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, v. 99 no. 2, pp. 3139–3145.

Fletcher, C.H., Richmond, B., Barnes, G.M., and Schroeder, T.A., 1994, Marine flooding on the coast of Kaua‘i during Hurricane Iniki: Hindcasting inundation components and delineating Washover: Journal of Coastal Research, v. 11 no. 1, pp. 188–204.

Geist, E.L., and Scholl, D.W., 1994, Large-scale deformation related to the collision of the Aleutian Arc with Kamchatka: Tectonics, v. 13 no. 2, pp. 538–560.

Gibbs, A.E., and Hein, J.R., 1994, High trace metal concentrations in Quaternary hydrothermal stratabound manganese oxide deposits, Yap Arc, West Pacific: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 363–363.

Grassle, J.F., and Petrecca, Rosemarie F., 1994, Soft-sediment hydrothermal vent communities of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 327–335.

Green, H.G., Orange, D., Mann, D., and Gabel, G., 1994, Fluid constructed morphology on Smooth Ridge, Central California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 598–598.

Hein, J.R., Yeh, Hsueh-Wen, Gunn, Susan H., Gibbs, Ann E., and Wang Chung-Ho, 1994, Composition and origin of hydrothermal ironstones from central Pacific seamounts: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 58 no. 1, pp. 179–189.

Holbrook, W.S., Brocher, T.M., McCarthy, Jill, Hole, J.A., and ten Brink, U.S., 1994, Crustal structure beneath the San Francisco Bay Block and Central California continental margin: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 664–664.

Hostettler, F.D., Kvenvolden, K.A., 1994, Geochemical changes in crude oil spilled from the Exxon Valdez supertanker into Prince William Sound, Alaska: Organic Geochemistry, v. 21 no. 8-9, pp. 927–936, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90051-5.

Karlin, R.E., and Morton, Janet L., 1994, Crustal magnetization and basement structure of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 77–90.

Karlin, R.E., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Sedimentation and neotectonism in the SESCA area, Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 131–141.

Koski, R.A., Benninger, L.M., Zierenberg, R.A., and Jonasson, I.R., 1994, Composition and growth history of hydrothermal deposits in Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge: In: Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R.A., and Reiss, C.A. (Eds.). U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022(Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California), pp. 293–324, URL: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Koski, R.A., Embley, R.W., Ross, S.L., Dziak, R.P., Bohannon, R.G., Smith, V.K., Reid, J.A., Gray, L.B., and Tormanen, T.O., 1994, Tectonism and lithologic variation along the Blanco Ridge, eastern Blanco fracture zone, NE Pacific; preliminary results from the PACNORWEST III Cruise, 1994: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 656–656.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, J. B., and Hostettler, F. D., 1994, Hydrocarbons in sediment from Escanaba Trough; In, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2202, pp. 279–292, URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Kvenvolden, K.A., 1994, Organic Geochemistry--Principles and applications: Organic Geochemistry, v. 22 no. 2, pp. 353–354, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90182-1.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, J.B., Hostettler, F.D., Rosenbauer, R.J., 1994, Laboratory simulation of hydrothermal petroleum formation from sediment in Escanaba Trough, offshore from northern California: Organic Geochemistry, v. 22 no. 6, pp. 935–945, doi: 10.1016/0146-6380(94)90030-2.

Kvenvolden, K.A., Rapp, John B., and Hostettler, Frances D, 1994, Hydrocarbons in sediment from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 279–292.

Lee, H.J., Torresan, M.E., and McArthur, W., 1994, Stability of submerged slopes on the flanks of the Hawaiian Islands, a simplified approach: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-638, 54 p., URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1994/0638/report.pdf.

Magenheim, A.J., and Gieskes, Joris M., 1994, Evidence for hydrothermal fluid flow through surficial sediments, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 241–255.

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Marlow, M.S., Hart, P.E., Carlson, P.R., Childs, J.R., Mann, D.M., Anima, R.J., and Kayen, R.E., 1994, High-resolution seismic-reflection profiles and interpretation pitfalls created by acoustic anomalies from Holocene muds beneath South San Francisco Bay: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-0639, 16 p.

Marlow, M.S., Hart, P.E., Childs, J.R., Mann, D.M., Mann, G.M., Carlson, P.R., and Anima, R.J., 1994, A major unconformity beneath South San Francisco Bay and the development of San Leandro Basin: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 683–683.

McCarthy, J., and T. Parsons, 1994, Insights into the kinematic Cenozoic evolution of the Basin and Range-Colorado Plateau transition from coincident seismic refraction and reflection data: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, pp. 747–759.

McCarthy, J., Hart, P.E., Anima, R., Oppenheimer, D., and Parsons, T., 1994, Seismic evidence for faulting in the western Sacramento Delta region, Pittsburg, California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 684–685.

McCrory, P.A., 1994, Late Quaternary thrust faulting along the Cascadia margin, Washington; implications for partitioning of strain: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 622–622.

McCrory, P.A., 1994, Quaternary crustal shortening along the central Cascadia subduction margin, Washington: , Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. , pp. 523–523.

McGann, M., Hemphill-Haley, Eileen, and Quinterno, Paula J., 1994, Foraminiferal faunal succession in laminated sediments off Central California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 347–347.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R. A., and Reiss, C. A., 1994, Eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2202, 359 p., URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b2022.

Morton, J.L., and Fox, Christopher G., 1994, Structural setting and interaction of volcanism and sedimentation at Escanaba Trough; geophysical results, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 21–43.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough; an introduction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 1–18.

Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, 359 p.

Nokleberg, W.J., Parfenov, L.M., Monger, J.W.H., Baranov, B.B., Byalobzhesky, S.G., Bundtzen, T.K., Feeney, T.D., Fujita, K., Gordey, S.P., Grantz, A., Khanchuk, A.I., Natal'in, B.A., Natapov, L.M., Norton, I.O., Patton Jr., W.W., Plafker, G., Scholl, D.W., Sokolov, S.D., Sosunov, G.M., Stone, D.B., Tabor, R.W., Tsukanov, N.V., Vallier, T.L., and Wakita, K., 1994, Circum-North Pacific tectonostratigraphic terrane map: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-714, 222 p., URL: https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr94714.

Normark, W.R., Gutmacher, C.E., Zierenberg, R.A., Wong, F.L., and Rosenbauer, R.J., 1994, Sediment fill of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 91–129.

Parsons, T., G. A. Thompson, and N. H. Sleep, 1994, Mantle plume influence on the Neogene uplift and extension of the U.S. western Cordillera? Geology, v. 23, pp. 83–86.

Parsons, T., McCarthy, Jill, and Hart, P.E., 1994, The nature of lower crustal reflectors beneath San Francisco Bay, California: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, pp. 643–643.

Quinterno, P.J., 1994, Quaternary foraminifers from Escanaba Trough, Northeast Pacific Ocean, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 337–359.

Reiss, C.A., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Preliminary Report of the 1988 A2-88-NC Gorda Ridge Cruise: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-711, 109 p.

Ross, S.L., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Volcanic geomorphology of the SESCA and NESCA sites, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 143–151.

Torresan, M.E., Barber, J.H., Jr., Hampton, M.A., Dartnell, P., Chezar, H., McLaughlin, M.W., Gowen, M.H., and Zink, L.L., 1994, Ground truthing high-backscatter dredged material deposits in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: EOS Transactions, v. 75 no. 44, 319 p.

Torresan, M.E., Hampton, M.A., Gowen, M.H., Barber, J.H., Jr., Chase, T.E., Zink, L.L., Dartnell, P., 1994, Cruise report K1-93-HW: Acoustic mapping of dredged spoil disposal sites and deposits in Mamala Bay, Honolulu, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, 56 p.

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Yeh, H.W., Hein, J.R., Chan, L.H., and Wiltshire, J.C., 1994, C-, O-, and Sr-isotope geochemistry of francolite from some seamount phosphorite in North Pacific Basin, in Lanphere, M.A., Dalrymple, G.B., and Turrin, B.D., eds., Abstracts of the eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1107, pp. 359–359.

Zierenberg, R.A., Morton, J.L., Koski, R.A., and Ross, S.L., 1994, Geologic setting of massive sulfide mineralization in Escanaba Trough: In: Morton, J.L., Zierenberg, R.A., and Reiss, C.A. (Eds.). U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022(Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore northern California), pp. 171–197.

Zierenberg, R.A., and Shanks, Wayne C., II, 1994, Sediment alteration associated with massive sulfide formation in Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge; the importance of seawater mixing and magnesium metasomatism, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, pp. 257–277.


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